Panapakkam Ananda Charlu
|President of the Indian National Congress|
|Preceded by||Pherozeshah Mehta|
|Succeeded by||Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee|
Kattamanchi, Chittoor, Madras Presidency, British India
|Died||1908 (aged 64–65)|
|Political party||Indian National Congress|
Sir Panapakkam Anandacharlu CIE (1843–1908) was an Indian advocate, freedom fighter and one of the early doyens of the Indian National Congress. He was the President of the Nagpur session of the Indian National Congress held in 1891.
Anandacharlu was born in the village of Kattamanchi in Chittoor district, Madras Presidency in a Brahmin family. He moved to Madras city at an early age and became an apprentice to a leading Madras advocate called Kayali Venkatapathi. His practise as a full lawyer began in 1869 when he became a member of the Chamber of the Madras High Court.
Anandacharlu became a member of the Chamber of the High Court of Madras in the year 1869. Soon he emerged as a prominent advocate and was appointed Leader of the Bar. It was in his Chambers that the Madras Advocates' Association was born in 1899.
By way of information, Anandacharlu was made a Rai Bahadur and was awarded the CIE (Companion of the Indian Empire) in 1897. He was not knighted (i.e. given the title of KBE—Knight of the British Empire) hence he can't be referred to as Sir Panampakkam.
From the very beginning, Anandacharlu was interested in politics and journalism. He contributed regularly to magazines as Native Public Opinion and the Madrasi. In 1878, he helped G. Subrahmania Iyer and C. Viraraghavachariar in starting The Hindu and became a frequent contributor to it.
He founded the Triplicane Literary Society (of which he was elected President) and the Madras Mahajana Sabha in 1884. He was one of the 72 delegates at the first session of the Indian National Congress held at Bombay in 1885. He also participated in the Nagpur session of the Indian National Congress in 1891 of which he was elected President. When the Congress split in 1906, he was on the side of the moderates. However, he died soon after the split.