Anandapur

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Anandapur
Town
Anandapur is located in Odisha
Anandapur
Anandapur
Location in Odisha, India
Anandapur is located in India
Anandapur
Anandapur
Anandapur (India)
Coordinates: 21°13′N 86°07′E / 21.21°N 86.11°E / 21.21; 86.11Coordinates: 21°13′N 86°07′E / 21.21°N 86.11°E / 21.21; 86.11
Country India
StateOdisha
DistrictKendujhar
Government
 • MLAShri Mayadhar Jena (BJD)
Elevation
43 m (141 ft)
Population
(2001)
 • Total35,043
Languages
 • OfficialOdia
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
758 021
Telephone code06731
Vehicle registrationOR-09/OD-09
Websiteodisha.gov.in

Anandapur is a town and a municipality of Kendujhar district in the state of Odisha, India.

Toponymy[edit]

The name Anandapur (called as A+nda+Pur) derives from आनन्द सहर (which in Sanskrit means the "city of happiness"). Once during the period of King (Raja) Govinda Bhanja it was known as Athagarh.

Geography[edit]

Anandapur is located at 21°13′N 86°07′E / 21.21°N 86.11°E / 21.21; 86.11. It has an average elevation of 43 m (141 ft). The town is situated on the bank of river Baitarani (which flows on the southern side of the town).

Climate[edit]

Anandapur experiences three distinct seasons: summer, monsoon and winter. Typical summer months are from February to June, with maximum temperatures ranging from 35 °C to 45 °C. May is the warmest month in Anandapur, although summer doesn't end until May. The city often receives heavy thundershowers in May (and the humidity level remains high). During the hottest months, the nights are usually very warm due to high humidity. The monsoon lasts from June to September, with moderate/high rainfall and temperatures ranging from 15 °C to 35 °C. Winter begins in October; the daytime temperature hovers around 28 °C (82 °F) while night temperature is below 15 °C for most of December and January.

Economy[edit]

Most of the people depend on agriculture. Nowadays, most of people are inclined towards the business of transportation of iron ore mined from upper Keonjhar area meant for exports via Paradip Port (through trucks and dumpers). Many of them are managing their livelihood by the means of small businesses. The most recent trend has been that many of younger generation are migrating to other states looking for jobs or opting for jobs in nearby steel plants of Kalinganagar (in neighbouring Jajpur district) after a degree or diploma in technical skill based education. As a result of all these, the per capita income of individuals has gone up nowadays. Some people depend on businesses of handicraft and weaving. The town is known for its tasar silk handicraft.

Heritage sites[edit]

Anandapur is situated in the strike line of coastal and hilly regions. It is surrounded by beautiful scenery of green hills. It is situated on the bank of river Baitarani which is a sacred river of India, also known as Budha Ganga, and is considered one of the oldest rivers in India. During the ruling of Keshari dynasty in Odisha many temples of Shiva were constructed. Along the banks of this river many temples of Lord Shiva can be found. The Jhadeswara temple, Balunkeswara Temple, Uttareswara temple, Kundeswara temples and others are here. Kushaleswara Temple was built by Jajati Keshari. However, the town is well known for its Jagannath Temple known as "Dadhibaman Temple" which is the main temple of the town; and the culture of the town is deeply influenced by the rituals of this temple.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census, Anandapur had a population of 35,043. Males constituted 51% of the population and females 49%. Anandapur had an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 57% of the males and 43% of females literate. 12% of the population was under 6 years of age.[1]

Administration[edit]

The city of Anandapur is managed by the Anandapur Municipal Council (AMC). However, it is also a sub-division of Keonjhar district, hence there is a sub-divisional officer (SDO) who governs the overall city.

Politics[edit]

TheMLA from Anandapur (SC) Assembly Constituency is Mayadhar Jena (BJD), who won the seat in State elections of 2014. He previously represented this area until 2004 through BJP and later has migrated to BJD. Former Odisha state congress president Jayadeb Jena had won earlier from here in 1995 and in 1985, and also as INC(I) candidate in 1980. He was previously the PCC president and secretary of PCC, Odisha. Bhagirathi Sethi of Biju Janata Dal had won in 2009, Dasarathi Jena of JD in 1990, and Makar Sethi of JNP in 1977.[2]

Anandapur is part of Keonjhar (Lok Sabha constituency).[3]

Culture and religion[edit]

Anandapur is a culturally rich town. With addition to Ratha Jatra and Bahuda Jatra of the Dadhibaman Jagannath Temple, every year the people here celebrate the Baruni Jatra. While Deogaon is famous for the Jagara (Maha Sivaratri) festival around the Kushaleswara Temple, Kantipal celebrates Dola Purnima (Holi). Kantipal Behera Sahi celebrates Gaja Laxmi Puja every year .

Education[edit]

  • Anandapur College, Anandapur
  • Anchalika Mahavidyalaya, Hatadihi
  • Anandapur U.G.M.E. School (Model School)
  • Anandapur UP School, Anandapur
  • Balabhadra Narayana (B.N.) High School, Anandapur
  • Brahmanidevi UP School, Anandapur
  • Brajabandhu High School, Anandapur
  • BT Women’s College, Chhenapadi, Anadapur
  • Govt. Girls High School, Anandapur
  • Kanaka Manjari Women’s College, Anandapur
  • Saraswati Sishu Mandir, Anandapur
  • KA Mohavidyalaya, Tarimul, Anandapur
  • Fakirpur High School, Fakirpur
  • Fakirpur Practicing primary School, Fakirpur
  • Bodabil Primary School, Fakirpur
  • Anandapur Regional B.Ed College, Fakirpur
  • Fakirpur CT Training School, Fakirpur
  • Fakirpur Govt. Girls' High School, Fakirpur

Transport[edit]

Ananadapur is well connected by road from Bhubaneswar and Cuttack. NH-215 is the major national highway that runs through this area. The nearest railway station is Jajpur road. Buses and auto rickshaws run frequently from Anandapur to various surrounding rural villages. It is well connected to Bhadrak and Baleswar by SH-53.

Places of tourist interest[edit]

  • At Hadagarh, the Salandi river flowing between two high mountains and a dam built over it are the main attractions for the tourists. This place is at a distance of 119 km from Keonjhar and 28 km from Anandapur town. Hadagarh is a reserved forest for elephants and tigers. It is near the Similipal National Park.
  • Chakrateertha is about 3 km from Kantipal. It is known for waterfall and scenic beauty.
  • Deogaon is famous for the Kushaleswar Temple and the Pathara Bandha (stone embankment on the river Kusei).
  • Along the riverbank many Siva temples were built by Keshri dynasty ruling the Odisha that time. The Siva temples are heritage sites and beautiful places for peace and devotion. They are Jhadeswar Temple, Uttareswar Temple, Balunkeswar Temple and Kundewar Temple.
  • Balunkeswar Temple is situated in Village Fakirpur. One of the finest place for peace and devotion of Lord Shiva. It is one of the Buddhist site. Some of the idols have Buddhist culture imprints.
  • Maa Gadachandi Temple: it is situated around Boula mountain near Sadha Chhak, 7km From Chhenapadi Chhak, and 20km from Anandpur. It is devotion of Maa Gadachandi, and it is a good place for picnics.
  • Dargudisila is a famous tourist place in Anandapur. This is full of natural greenery sites and the river Baitarani flows through the hillside and stones around. This is famous as a picnic and sightseeing beautiful nature. It is situated in a small village/hamlet called Dargudisila in Anandapur Tehsil in Kendujhar District of Odisha State, India. It is located 59 km east of district headquarters Kendujhar, 26 km from Anandapur, and 154 km from state capital Bhubaneswar.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  2. ^ "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 147-Anandapur Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-27.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-04. Retrieved 2008-09-27.