Ananias Diokno

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Ananias Diokno
Birth name Ananías Diokno y Noblejas
Born (1860-01-22)January 22, 1860
Taal, Batangas, Captaincy General of the Philippines
Died November 2, 1922(1922-11-02) (aged 62)
Arayat, Pampanga, Philippine Islands
Allegiance  First Philippine Republic
Service/branch Philippine Revolutionary Army
Years of service 1895-1901
Rank general
Battles/wars Philippine Revolution
Philippine-American War

Ananías Diokno y Noblejas (January 22, 1860 – November 2, 1922) was reputedly the only Tagalog general to lead a full-scale military expedition to the Visayas against the Spanish forces. Also known as General of the Seas, his successful landing in Bicol and the Visayas were considered as one of the first missions of the Philippine Navy.

Early life[edit]

He was born in Taal, Batangas, Philippines on January 22, 1860 to Ángel Diokno and María Andrea Noblejas y Sauza. There are no records regarding his boyhood and early career.[1]

Philippine Revolution[edit]

In 1895, Diokno, along with Felipe Agoncillo, were prosecuted by civil and ecclesiastical authorities for obstruction of functions of the government. On August 29, 1896, Don Fernando Parga y Torriero, military governor of Cavite, had Diokno and other revolutionaries arrested and brought to immediate trial. Prominent citizens who fled to Indang, Cavite established the Regional Government of Batangas with Miguel Malvar as commanding general and Diokno as secretary of war.[2]

At the resume of revolution after the Treaty of Biak-na-Bato, he was commissioned by Central Revolutionary Government of Emilio Aguinaldo to lead an expedition to the Visayas to attack the Spanish stronghold there and to forge cooperative stance between the Visayan rebel forces. The Battalion Malaya was organized, a force made up of 750 men divided into six companies and a battery consisting of two cannons. He was made commanding general of the battalion. He and his forces first went to Mindoro, then to Marinduque, and to the Bicol region to organize local revolutionary governments in the area and facilitated elections. Juan Miranda was elected president and Second Lieutenant Jose Karingal was left to organize collection of taxes.[3] He and his forces were aboard three of the five initial vessels under the control of Aguinaldo's government, Taaleño, Bulusan and Purisima Concepcion, which were actually captured or donated Spanish ships converted into gunboats with 8 or 9 cm guns.[4][5]

Philippine-American War[edit]

In August 1899, the Spanish colonial government in Capiz under Governor Juan Herrero surrendered to Diokno.[6] Aguinaldo, upon recommendation of Apolinario Mabini, appointed Diokno civil and military governor of Cápiz. Later, he received the immediate surrender of Spanish forces in Panay. Strong Spanish presence in Samar, however, caused Diokno to retreat.[7]

Many rebels saw Diokno, governor of Capiz under the Aguinaldo government, as a foreigner in Visayan government which already had Roque Lopez as president of the Republic of Visayas. This, with American forces occupying every Visayan island it passes through, caused Diokno to retreat to the mountains of Capiz and conduct guerrilla warfare.[1] On March 18, 1901, Captain Peter Murray of the 18th US Infantry and First Lieutenant Frank Bolles of the 6th US Infantry, with corresponding detachments, located and ambushed Diokno's forces at Barrio Dalipdan, Capiz. Diokno was wounded and captured, two of his men were killed in action. He was imprisoned thereafter.[7]

Later life[edit]

In 1916, he was offered to be Director of Agriculture under the administration of Francis Burton Harrison but he refused. He died at his farm in Pampanga on November 2, 1922.[1][7]



  1. ^ a b c "ANANIAS N. DIOKNO" (PDF). Archived from the original (pdf) on 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2011-10-31. 
  2. ^ "DOCUMENTS OF THE Katipunan". 1897-04-19. Archived from the original on 2011-11-22. Retrieved 2011-10-31. 
  3. ^ "Ananias Diokno, taaleño revolucionario". National Historical Commission. 1965. Retrieved 2011-10-31. 
  4. ^ "True Version of the Philippine Revolution". Retrieved 2011-10-31. 
  5. ^ "Ananias Diokno". Retrieved 2011-10-31. 
  6. ^ "A Brief History of Roxas City". Archived from the original on 2011-10-02. Retrieved 2011-10-31. 
  7. ^ a b c "The War in the Visayas, Feb. 11, 1899 - March 10, 1899". 2006. Retrieved 2011-10-31.