Anantapur

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Anantapur
Anantapuramu
Clock tower at Anantapur
Clock tower at Anantapur
Anantapur is located in Andhra Pradesh
Anantapur
Anantapur
Anantapur is located in India
Anantapur
Anantapur
Anantapur is located in Asia
Anantapur
Anantapur
Coordinates: 14°40′48″N 77°35′56″E / 14.68°N 77.599°E / 14.68; 77.599Coordinates: 14°40′48″N 77°35′56″E / 14.68°N 77.599°E / 14.68; 77.599
CountryIndia
StateAndhra Pradesh
DistrictAnantapuramu
Government
 • BodyAnantapur Municipal Corporation, Anantapur–Hindupur Urban Development Authority
Area
 • Total15.98 km2 (6.17 sq mi)
Elevation
335 m (1,099 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total340,613
 • Density21,000/km2 (55,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
515001,[3] 515002,[4] 515281,[5] 515731[6] and Complete Anantapur Pincode List[7]
Telephone code08554
Vehicle registrationAP–02
Websiteanantapur.cdma.ap.gov.in

Anantapur, officially Anantapuramu,[8] is a city in Anantapur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Anantapuru mandal and also the divisional headquarters of Anantapur revenue division.[9] The city is located on National Highway. It was also the headquarters of the Datta Mandalam (Rayalaseema districts of Andhra Pradesh and Bellary district of Karnataka) in 1799. It was also a position of strategic importance for the British Indian Army during the Second World War.

Geography[edit]

Anantapur is located at 14°41′N 77°36′E / 14.68°N 77.6°E / 14.68; 77.6.[10] It has an average elevation of 335 m (1,099 ft). It is located at a distance of 356 km from Hyderabad, 484 km from Vijayawada, 148 km from Kurnool and 210 km from Bangalore which is the closest international airport.

Climate[edit]

Anantapur has a semi-arid climate, with hot and dry conditions for most of the year. Summer start in late February and peak in May with average high temperatures around the 37 °C (99 °F) range. Anantapur gets pre-monsoon showers starting as early as March, mainly through north-easterly winds blowing in from Kerala. Monsoon arrives in September and lasts until early November with about 250 mm (9.8 in) of precipitation. A dry and mild winter starts in late November and lasts until early February; with little humidity and average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) range. Total annual rainfall is about 22 in (560 mm).

Climate data for Anantapuram (1981–2010, extremes 1946–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.1
(97.0)
39.4
(102.9)
41.8
(107.2)
43.2
(109.8)
44.1
(111.4)
43.1
(109.6)
38.8
(101.8)
38.9
(102.0)
37.9
(100.2)
37.8
(100.0)
36.8
(98.2)
33.8
(92.8)
44.1
(111.4)
Average high °C (°F) 31.0
(87.8)
34.3
(93.7)
37.6
(99.7)
39.4
(102.9)
39.2
(102.6)
35.7
(96.3)
33.8
(92.8)
33.0
(91.4)
33.1
(91.6)
31.9
(89.4)
30.3
(86.5)
29.6
(85.3)
34.1
(93.4)
Average low °C (°F) 17.5
(63.5)
19.4
(66.9)
22.7
(72.9)
25.8
(78.4)
26.2
(79.2)
25.0
(77.0)
24.3
(75.7)
23.9
(75.0)
23.4
(74.1)
22.5
(72.5)
20.1
(68.2)
17.7
(63.9)
22.4
(72.3)
Record low °C (°F) 9.0
(48.2)
10.4
(50.7)
13.4
(56.1)
18.3
(64.9)
18.8
(65.8)
19.6
(67.3)
19.6
(67.3)
19.9
(67.8)
19.3
(66.7)
14.1
(57.4)
10.0
(50.0)
9.4
(48.9)
9.0
(48.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 1.3
(0.05)
0.4
(0.02)
9.4
(0.37)
18.9
(0.74)
53.0
(2.09)
59.9
(2.36)
66.0
(2.60)
91.3
(3.59)
133.6
(5.26)
95.5
(3.76)
38.7
(1.52)
9.1
(0.36)
577.2
(22.72)
Average rainy days 0.1 0.2 0.4 1.3 2.9 3.2 4.6 5.3 6.9 6.4 3.0 0.6 34.9
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 37 28 26 25 31 46 51 54 55 57 54 48 43
Source: India Meteorological Department[11][12][13]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census, Anantapur city has a population of 340,613. The sex ratio was 995 females per 1000 males and 9% of the population was under 6 years old.[14] Effective literacy is 82%, male literacy is 89% and female literacy is 75%. Telugu is the official and widely spoken language, in addition to it Urdu, Hindi, Kannada and Tamil languages are also spoken by significant minorities in the city.[15]

Governance[edit]

Civic administration

Anantapuru Municipal Corporation is the civic body of Anantapuru.

Public utilities

Anantapuru Drinking Water Supply Project and Sri Sathya Sai Central Trust have also step forward in supplying clean water and concentrated mainly on eradicating fluorosis.[16] The corporation supplies chlorinated water to the city from the summer storage tank located in the town.[17]

Transport[edit]

Saptagiri Circle

Anantapur is well connected to the nearby major cities with National Highway 44 and National Highway 205 of National Highway network of India. The NH–44 connects it to Bangalore, which is towards south and Hyderabad, towards north, and NH 205 connects it to Chennai via Renigunta.[18] The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Anantapur bus station.[19] The city has a total road length of 298.12 km.[20]

Anantapuram provides rail connectivity for the city and is classified as an A–category station in Guntakal railway division of South Central Railway zone. The nearest International airport is Kempegowda International Airport, Bengaluru which is 190 kilometers away.

Culture[edit]

There are a few notable people from the town with their contributions to various fields such as politics, film industry and other areas. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was the former President of India and the first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, and Paidi Lakshmayya was the first member of Parliament from Anantapur's Lok Sabha Constituency. Kallur Subba Rao was an Indian freedom activist and was the first speaker of Andhra Assembly, as well as Kadiri Venkata Reddy, who was an Indian film director, writer and also a producer. Sathya Sai Baba,was a Hindu spiritual leader; Bellary Raghava was an Indian playwright, thespian and film actor.

Cuisine[edit]

Millets such as, Jowar, Bajra, Ragi are the food grains which are mostly used in food items. Peanuts are also popular and used in everyday food like chutney, Chikki and enjoyed as snack with boiled or spicy roasted peanuts.[21]

Cityscape[edit]

ISKCON temple, Anantapur

Neighbourhoods and landmarks in and around the city are - Clock tower, Sapthagiri circle, ISKCON temple,[22] the railway station area, bus station, Srikantam circle, Government Hospital, Court Road etc. Major landmark of city is railway overbridge near Clock tower connecting Newtown constructed in late 1960.[23] As part of connecting heart of city with NH44 this landmark is in demolition and closed till new four-lane flyover is functional.[24]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary education is imparted by government, aided and private schools of the School Education Department of the state.[25][26] The mediums of instruction that are followed by different CBSE schools like Kendriya Vidyalaya and Montessori Elite EM School, State board English mediums and Telugu mediums.


Anantapur is an important education centre of the district which has many schools, colleges and universities. Prominent institutions and universities include, Sri Krishnadevaraya University, JNTU Anantapur, Sri Sathya Sai University, central University of Andhra Pradesh, Government Medical College, Arts College, PVKK Institute of Technology etc.

Sports[edit]

Anantapur has many sports facilities and hosted the Irani Cup in 1963–64 when Rest of India scored their lowest total of 83 against the then Ranji trophy winners Bombay, played at the Sanjeeva Reddy stadium. Several Ranji trophy matches and other regional tournaments for basketball, badminton, etc. have been hosted in Anantapur.

The Anantapur Sports Village (ASV), located alongside the National Highway 7. The Anantapur Cricket Ground sits within a 40-acre (160,000 m2) complex which is managed by the Rural Development Trust (RDT).[27] In October 2010, Rafael Nadal opened the Rafael Nadal Tennis School, which hosts district, state and national-level tournaments, as well as laying equal emphasis on the children's education and tennis training. There are several Indoor Stadiums for Basketball and Badminton under local bodies which conducts District, State and National Competitions. There are many coaching class for taekwondo and Karate. There are also coaching centres for swimming which conduct district competitions.[28][29]

Temples[edit]

There are four temples under the management of Endowments Department.[30]

  • Sri Kasivisweswara & Kodanda Rama Swamy Temples
  • Sri Virupakeshwara & Obuleswara Swamy Temple
  • Sri Peta Basaveswara Swamy Temple
  • Sri Rama Swamy temple

And there are several important Temples which became good landmarks such as

  • ISKCON temple
  • Sri Mounagiri Kshetram (39ft height Monolithic Hanuman statue)
  • Shivakoti temple
  • Harihara Temple
  • Sri Anjanayaswamy Temple

Hospitals[edit]

  • MGB Clinics
  • KIMS- Saveera hospital
  • Anantapur Government hospital
  • Super Specialty hospital

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities, Municipal Corporations and UDAs" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Statistical Abstract of Andhra Pradesh, 2015" (PDF). Directorate of Economics & Statistics. Government of Andhra Pradesh. p. 46. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  3. ^ Ramachandra-nagar
  4. ^ Alamuru
  5. ^ Aladahalli
  6. ^ Akuledu
  7. ^ Anantapur Pin Code List
  8. ^ "About Anantapuramu Municipal Corporation | Anantapuramu Municipal Corporation". anantapur.cdma.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 3 June 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
  9. ^ "anantapuramu District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 395, 435. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  10. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Anantapuramu. Fallingrain.com. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  11. ^ "Station: Anantapur Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 47–48. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  12. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  13. ^ "Anantapur Climatological Table 1981–2010". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  14. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
  15. ^ "Census Digital Library". Open Government Data (OGD) Platform India. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  16. ^ "Anantapur Drinking Water Supply Project Anantapur Drinking Water Supply Project". Srisathyasai.org.in. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
  17. ^ "Commissioner inspects summer storage tanks". The Hans India. Anantapur. 15 May 2009. Archived from the original on 4 August 2020. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
  18. ^ "NH wise Details of NH in respect of Stretches entrusted to NHAI" (PDF). National Highways Authority of India (NHAI). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 February 2009. Retrieved 4 July 2008.
  19. ^ "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  20. ^ "DETAILS OF ROADS IN EACH ULB OF ANDHRA PRADESH". Archived from the original on 1 August 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  21. ^ Sarma, G. v Prasada (18 June 2016). "Plan to encourage millet consumption". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 4 August 2020. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  22. ^ "ISKCON Temple ISKCON Temple". Andhra Pradesh Tourism. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
  23. ^ "Anantapur City History". The Hindu. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  24. ^ "Anantapur City Development". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 January 2022.
  25. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  26. ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  27. ^ The pride of Anantapur Archived 23 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine. sportstaronnet.com (21 March 2009). Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  28. ^ Rafa Nadal Foundation – Tennis. ATP World Tour. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  29. ^ Welcome to the 'Nadal Tennis School'. NDTV.com Photo Gallery. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  30. ^ "Trust Boards Abstract". AP Temples Portal, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 24 July 2018.

External links[edit]