Anantapur

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Anantapur
అనంతపురం
City
Clock tower at Anantapur
Clock tower at Anantapur
Anantapur is located in Andhra Pradesh
Anantapur
Anantapur
Coordinates: 14°41′N 77°36′E / 14.68°N 77.6°E / 14.68; 77.6Coordinates: 14°41′N 77°36′E / 14.68°N 77.6°E / 14.68; 77.6
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Anantapur
Area[1]
 • City 15.98 km2 (6.17 sq mi)
Elevation 335 m (1,099 ft)
Population (2011)
 • City 261,004
 • Density 16,000/km2 (42,000/sq mi)
 • Metro 340,613
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 515001
Telephone code +91–8554
Vehicle registration AP–02
Website anantapur.cdma.ap.gov.in

Anantapur is a city in Anantapur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Anantapur mandal and also the divisional headquarters of Anantapur revenue division.[2] The city is located on National Highway 44. It was also the headquarters of the Datta Mandalam (Rayalaseema districts of Andhra Pradesh and Bellary district of Karnataka) in 1799. It was also a position of strategic importance for the British Indian Army during the Second World War.

Geography[edit]

Anantapur is located at 14°41′N 77°36′E / 14.68°N 77.6°E / 14.68; 77.6.[3] It has an average elevation of 335 metres (1099 feet). It is located at a distance of 356km from Hyderabad and 484km from Vijayawada.

Climate[edit]

Anantapur has a semi-arid climate, with hot and dry conditions for most of the year. Summers start in late February and peak in May with average high temperatures around the 37 °C (99 °F) range. Anantapur gets pre-monsoon showers starting as early as March, mainly through north-easterly winds blowing in from Kerala. Monsoon arrives in September and lasts until early November with about 250 mm (9.8 in) of precipitation. A dry and mild winter starts in late November and lasts until early February; with little humidity and average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) range. Total annual rainfall is about 22 in (560 mm).

Climate data for Ananthapur (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.0
(96.8)
39.4
(102.9)
41.8
(107.2)
43.2
(109.8)
44.1
(111.4)
43.1
(109.6)
38.1
(100.6)
38.9
(102)
37.9
(100.2)
37.8
(100)
36.8
(98.2)
33.8
(92.8)
44.1
(111.4)
Average high °C (°F) 31.0
(87.8)
34.3
(93.7)
37.6
(99.7)
39.4
(102.9)
39.2
(102.6)
35.7
(96.3)
33.8
(92.8)
33.0
(91.4)
33.1
(91.6)
31.9
(89.4)
30.3
(86.5)
29.6
(85.3)
34.1
(93.4)
Average low °C (°F) 17.5
(63.5)
19.4
(66.9)
22.7
(72.9)
25.8
(78.4)
26.2
(79.2)
25.0
(77)
24.3
(75.7)
23.9
(75)
23.4
(74.1)
22.5
(72.5)
20.1
(68.2)
17.7
(63.9)
22.4
(72.3)
Record low °C (°F) 11.2
(52.2)
12.8
(55)
13.4
(56.1)
18.3
(64.9)
18.8
(65.8)
19.6
(67.3)
20.8
(69.4)
20.8
(69.4)
19.3
(66.7)
14.1
(57.4)
10.0
(50)
9.4
(48.9)
9.4
(48.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 1.3
(0.051)
0.4
(0.016)
9.4
(0.37)
18.9
(0.744)
53.0
(2.087)
59.9
(2.358)
66.0
(2.598)
91.3
(3.594)
133.6
(5.26)
95.5
(3.76)
38.7
(1.524)
9.1
(0.358)
577.2
(22.724)
Average rainy days 0.1 0.2 0.4 1.3 2.9 3.2 4.6 5.3 6.9 6.4 3.0 0.6 34.9
Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[4][5]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, Anantapur has a population of 262,340. The sex ratio was 995 females per 1000 males and 9% of the population was under six years old.[6] Effective literacy is 82%, male literacy is 89% and female literacy is 75%. Telugu, Urdu,[7] Kannada and English are the predominant languages of this city.

Governance[edit]

Civic administration

Anantapur Municipal Corporation is the civic body of Anantapur.

Public utilities

Anantapur Drinking Water Supply Project and Sri Sathya Sai Central Trust have also step forward in supplying clean water and concentrated mainly on eradicating fluorosis.[8] The corporation supplies chlorinated water to the city from the summer storage tank located in the town.[9]

Transport[edit]

Sapatgiri Circle

Anantapur is well connected to the nearby major cities with National Highway 7 and National Highway 205 of National Highway network of India. The NH–7 connects it to Bangalore and NH–205 connects it to Chennai via Renigunta.[10] The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Anantapur bus station.[11] The city has a total road length of 298.12 km.[12]

Anantapur provides rail connectivity for the city and is classified as an A–category station in Guntakal railway division of South Central Railway zone.

Culture[edit]

There are a few notable people from the town with their contributions to various fields such as politics, film industry and other areas. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was the former President of India and the first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Paidi Lakshmayya was the first member of Parliament from Anantapur lok sabha constituency; Kallur Subba Rao was an Indian freedom activist and was the first speaker of Andhra Assembly; Kadiri Venkata Reddy was an Indian film director, writer and also a producer, Sathya Sai Baba, a Hindu spiritual leader; Bellary Raghava was an Indian playwright, thespian and film actor.

Cuisine[edit]

Millets such as, Jowar, Bajra, Ragi are the food grains which are mostly used in food items.[13]

Cityscape[edit]

ISKCON temple, Ananthapur

Neighbourhoods and landmarks in and around the city are, Clock tower, Sapthagiri circle, ISKCON temple,[14] the railway station area etc.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools of the School Education Department of the state.[15][16] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

Anantapur is an important education centre of the district which has many schools, colleges and universities. Prominent institutions and universities include, Sri Krishnadevaraya University, JNTU Anantapur, Sri Sathya Sai University, Government Medical College, Srinivasa Ramanujan Institute of Technology etc.

Sports[edit]

Anantapur has many sports facilities and has played host to Irani Cup in 1963–64 when Rest of India scored their lowest total of 83 against the then Ranji trophy winners Bombay, played at the Sanjeeva Reddy stadium. Several Ranji trophy matches and other regional tournaments for basketball, badminton, etc. have been hosted in Anantapur.

The Anantapur Sports Village (ASV), located alongside the National Highway 7. The Ananthapur Cricket Ground sits within a 40-acre (160,000 m2) complex which is managed by the Rural Development Trust (RDT).[17] In October 2010, Rafael Nadal opened the Rafael Nadal Tennis School in ASV, which hosts district, state and national-level tournaments, as well as laying equal emphasis on the children’s education and tennis training.[18][19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities, Municipal Corporations and UDAs" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  2. ^ "Guntur District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 395, 435. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Anantapur. Fallingrain.com. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  4. ^ "Anantapur Climatological Table Period: 1981–2010". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 12 May 2015. 
  5. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 12 May 2015. 
  6. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  7. ^ URDU IN ANDHRA PRADESH. Language in India. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  8. ^ "Anantapur Drinking Water Supply ProjectAnantapur Drinking Water Supply Project". Srisathyasai.org.in. Retrieved 27 February 2016. 
  9. ^ "Commissioner inspects summer storage tanks". The Hans India. Anantapur. 15 May 2009. Retrieved 27 February 2016. 
  10. ^ "NH wise Details of NH in respect of Stretches entrusted to NHAI" (PDF). National Highways Authority of India (NHAI). Retrieved 4 July 2008. 
  11. ^ "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  12. ^ "DETAILS OF ROADS IN EACH ULB OF ANDHRA PRADESH". 
  13. ^ Sarma, G. v Prasada (18 June 2016). "Plan to encourage millet consumption". The Hindu. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  14. ^ "ISKCON Temple ISKCON Temple". Andhra Pradesh Tourism. Retrieved 27 February 2016. 
  15. ^ "School Eduvation Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  16. ^ "The Department of School Education - Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  17. ^ The pride of Anantapur. sportstaronnet.com (21 March 2009). Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  18. ^ Rafa Nadal Foundation – Tennis. ATP World Tour. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  19. ^ Welcome to the 'Nadal Tennis School'. NDTV.com Photo Gallery. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.

External links[edit]