Anantapur district

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Anantapuramu district
Location of Anantapuramu district in Andhra Pradesh
Location of Anantapuramu district in Andhra Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateAndhra Pradesh
HeadquartersAnantapur
Tehsils63[1]
Government
 • District collectorVeera Pandyan IAS
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesAnantapur, Hindupuram
 • Assembly seats14
Area
 • Total19,130 km2 (7,390 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total4,083,315[2]
 • Urban
28.09%
Demographics
 • Literacy64.28%
 • Sex ratio978
Vehicle registrationAP-02
Major highwaysNH 44
Coordinates14°42′N 77°36′E / 14.700°N 77.600°E / 14.700; 77.600Coordinates: 14°42′N 77°36′E / 14.700°N 77.600°E / 14.700; 77.600
WebsiteOfficial website
Anantapur district is a part of Rayalaseema region (highlighted in blue) in Andhra Pradesh

Anantapur district (officially:Anantapuramu district[3]) is a district in the Rayalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh, India. The district headquarters is located at Anantapur city. As of 2011 Census, the district had a population of 4,083,315, of which 28.09% is urban and a literacy rate of 64.28%.[2] It is the largest district in terms of area in Andhra Pradesh and 7th largest district in India respectively.[4]

History[edit]

Gooty fort was a stronghold of the Marathas, but was taken from them by Hyder Ali. In 1789 it was ceded by his son Tipu Sultan to the Nizam of Hyderabad, and in 1800 the nizam ceded the surrounding districts to the British in payment for a subsidiary British force.[5] In 1882, Anantapuram district was formed by carving out from Bellary district.[6]

Geography[edit]

Districts of Andhra Pradesh

It is the largest district of Andhra Pradesh spanning an area of 19,130 square kilometres (7,390 sq mi),[7] comparatively equivalent to Japan's Shikoku Island.[8] It is bounded on the north by Kurnool District, on the east by Kadapa District, on the southeast by Chittoor District, and on the southwest and west by Karnataka state.[9] It is part of Rayalaseema region on the state. Its northern and central portions are a high plateau, generally undulating, with large granite rocks or low hill ranges rising occasionally above its surface. In the southern portion of the district the surface is more hilly, the plateau there rising to 2,000 ft (610 m). above the sea.[5] Six rivers flow within the district: Penna, Chithravathi, Vedavathi, Papagni, Swarnamukhi, and Thadakaleru. The district receives an average annual rainfall of 381 millimetres.

Anantapur city is 354 km from Hyderabad, 200 km from the neighbouring state capital of Bangalore. Anantapur connects Hyderabad and Bangalore through National Highway 7. There is an airport in the district located in Puttaparthi, known as Sri Sathya Sai Airport; however this airport currently has no scheduled service. Bangalore International Airport is nearest commercial airport to Anantapur District.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census of India, Anantapur district has a population of 4,081,148 with 9,68,160 households, ranking it as the 7th most populous district in the state. It is the largest district in the state with an area of 19,130 km2 (7,390 sq mi).[10] Anantapur has a sex ratio of 977 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 63.57%.[11] Urban population in the district is 28.9% of total population.

Economy[edit]

The Gross District Domestic Product (GDDP) of the district is 35,838 crore (US$5.0 billion) and it contributes 6.8% to the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP). For the FY 2013-14, the per capita income at current prices was 69,562 (US$970). The primary, secondary and tertiary sectors of the district contribute 9,944 crore (US$1.4 billion), 7,752 crore (US$1.1 billion) and 18,142 crore (US$2.5 billion) respectively to the GDDP.[12]

Agriculture and allied services Paddy and Groundnut are major Agricultural crops in the District. When it comes to Horticulture Banana and Papaya are heavily cultivated.

Industries Industries like Constructions, Manufactures and Electricity are major contributors for GVA.[12] Anantapur has a major potential for development of industry due to its strategic location between BangaloreChennai and BangaloreHyderabad routes and availability of vast tracts of land. In 2006 the Indian government named Anantapur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[13] It is one of the thirteen districts in Andhra Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[13]

Minerals Anantapur is a major producer of Dolomite and Iron Ore minerals.

Power plants Solar thermal power plant of 50 MW was commissioned at this village under Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission which was named as Megha Solar Plant. It is one of the 7 solar thermal plants in the country.[14][15]

Silk sarees

Dharmavaram region in Anantapur is world-famous for the handmade pure silk sarees. Its a major hub for Silk trade with end to end silk related industries situated in the region supporting a major portion of population. Tadipatri region in Anantapur is an industrialised town famous for Granite and Cement production. Ultra Tech Cements a unit of Industrial major Larsen & Toubro has a major Cement production unit near the town.

Agriculture

The economy is principally agrarian with a developing industrial sector. Anantapur receives very less rainfall due to its location in the rain shadow area of Indian Peninsula. Prominent crops include groundnut, sunflower, rice, cotton, maize, chillies, sesame, and sugarcane. Silk trade, limestone quarrying, iron and diamond mining. Anantapur town is known as Groundnut City in reference to the neighbouring Bangalore being called as Garden City.

Religious tourism

Lepakshi, a village in Anantapur District famous for temple of Vijayanagara architectural style, Monolithic Lepakshi Nandi, and Hanging Pillar, Monolithic Naagalingam.

Puttaparthi region in Anantapur is home to the Ashram of Sathya Sai Baba, one of the most popular spiritual gurus of India. Puttaparthi has developed into a major tourist destination due to vast infrastructure created by the ashram he founded, known as Prasanthi Nilayam.

The Gooty Fort, also known as Ravadurg, is a ruined fort located on a hill in the Gooty town of anantapur Andhra Pradesh, India. The word Gooty (locally pronounced "Gutti") is derived from the town's original name, Gowthampuri. It is one of the centrally protected monuments of national importance.

Sri Malleswara Swamy Temple :-

Sri Malleswara Swamy Temple is Located at Kambadur ,Kambadur Mandal in Anantapur District,Andhra Pradesh State.This Temple is Dedicated to Malleswara Swamy.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Revenue divisions map of Anantapur district
Anantapur district mandals outline map

The District has 5 Revenue Divisions viz., Anantapur, Dharmavaram, Kadiri, Kalyandurg and Penukonda divisions. Kadiri and Kalyandurg divisions are formed in 2013.[16][17] These revenue divisions are further divided into 63 mandals.[10]

The mandals of the district are listed in the following table:

No Anantapur Division Dharmavaram Division Kadiri Division Kalyandurg Division Penukonda Division
1 Anantapur Bathalapalle Amadagur Beluguppa Agali
2 Atmakur Chennekothapalle Bukkapatnam Bommanahal Amarapuram
3 Bukkarayasamudram Dharmavaram Gandlapenta Brahmasamudram Chilamathur
4 Garladinne Kanaganapalle Kadiri D.Hirchal Gorantla
5 Gooty Mudigubba Kothacheruvu Gummagatta Gudibanda
6 Guntakal Ramagiri Nallacheruvu Kalyandurg Hindupur
7 Kudair Raptadu Nallamada Kambadur Lepakshi
8 Narpala Tadimarri Nambulapulakunta Kanekal Madakasira
9 Pamidi Obuladevaracheruvu Kundurpi Parigi
10 Peddapappur Puttaparthi Rayadurg Penu Konda
11 Peddavadugur Talupula Settur Roddam
12 Putlur Tanakal Rolla
13 Singanamala Somandepalle
14 Tadipatri
15 Uravakonda
16 Vajrakarur
17 Vidapanakal
18 Yadiki
19 Yellanur

Transport[edit]

The total of core road network of the district is 9,188 km (5,709 mi). It includes, 353 km (219 mi) of National Highways and other roads of 8,835 km (5,490 mi).[18] It has a total Rail Network of which 340 km (210 mi) is Broad gauge and 249 km (155 mi) is Meter gauge. The major railways stations are Guntakal Junction, Dharmavaram Junction, Gooty Junction,Rayadurg Junction, Penukonda Junction, Sathya Sai Prasanthi Nilayam, Hindupur.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[19][20] As per the school information report for the academic year 2015-16, there are a total of 5,024 schools. They include, 28 government, 3,435 mandal and zilla parishads, 4 residential, 1,154 private, 25 model, 62 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV), 261 municipal and 55 other types of schools.[21] The total number of students enrolled in primary, upper primary and high schools of the district are 563,710.[22] The total number of students enrolled in primary, upper primary and high schools of the district are 563,266.[22]

Anantapur is an important education centre with many prominent educational, schools, colleges and universities situated in the district. Anantapur city has become a major hub with many education institutions situated in its vicinity. Some of the institutions include Sri Krishnadevaraya University, JNTU Ananthapur, Sri Sathya Sai University, Government Medical College, Government polytechnic anantapur , Srinivasa Ramanujan Institute of Technology, Government Polytechnic Hindupur.

Temples[edit]

The following sixty five temples under the management of Endowments Department[23].

Trust controlled Temples
S.no Temple Mandal Village
1 Sri Kona Ragnatha Swamy Temple Tadpatri Alur
2 Sri Kasivisweswara & Kodanda Rama Swamy Temples Anantapur Anantapur (Rural)
3 Sri Virupakeshwara & Obuleswara Swamy Temple Anantapur Anantapur (Rural)
4 Sri Peta Basaveswara Swamy Temple Anantapur Anantapur (Rural)
5 Sri Rama Swamy temple Anantapur Anantapur (Rural)
6 Sri Eswara & Anjaneya Swamy Temples Pamidi Anumpalle
7 "SRI MALAHOBULA NARASIMHA SWAMY TEMPLE, Y.KOTHAPALL (V)" Atmakur Atmakur
8 "SRI SUBRAMANYESWRA SWAMY TEMPLE,PAMPANUR(V)" Atmakur Atmakur
9 Sri Anjaneya Swamy Temple Uravakonda Budagavi
10 Sri Hanumantharaya Swamy temple Beluguppa Budigumma
11 Sri Venkateswara & Rama Swamy Temple Beluguppa Budigumma
12 Sri Gonimadugula Venkataramana Swamy temple Singanamala Chakrayapeta
13 Sri Anjaneya & Venkateswara Swamy Temple Bukkarayasamudram Chennampalle
14 Sri Katakoteswara Swamy temple Tadimarri Chillavaripalle
15 Sri Durgamma Devatha Temple Dharmavaram Dharmavaram
16 Sri Lakshmi Chennakesava Swamy Temple Dharmavaram Dharmavaram
17 Sri Panduranga Swamy Temple Dharmavaram Dharmavaram
18 Sri Virupakeshwara & Anjaneya Swamy Temples Guntakal Donimukkala
19 Sri Eswara Swamy temple Narpala Duggumarri
20 Sri Malleswara Swamy temple Kalyandurg East Kodipalle
21 Sri Venkateswara Swamy Temple Garladinne Garladinne
22 Sri Rama & Narasimha Swamy Temple Gooty Gooty (Rural)
23 Sri Yellamma Devatha Temple Gooty Gooty (Rural)
24 Sri Anjaneya Swamy Temple Narpala Gugudu
25 Sri Kullaya Swamy Temple Narpala Gugudu
26 Sri Kodanda Rama Swamy Temple Guntakal Guntakal
27 Sri Siddeswara Swamy Temple Amarapuram Hemavathi
28 Sri Anantha Padmanba Swamy temple Hindupur Hindupur
29 Sri Guddam Ranganatha Swamy Temple Hindupur Hindupur
30 Sri Peta Venkataramana Swamy Temple Hindupur Hindupur
31 Sri Suguru Anjaneya Swamy Temple Hindupur Hindupur
32 Sri Venugopala Swamy Temple Hindupur Hindupur
33 Sri Dona Thimmaraya Swamy temple Kalyandurg Hulikal
34 Sri Khadri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple Kadiri Kadiri (Rural)
35 "Sri Akkamma Devatha Temple, Ontimidde(V)" Kalyandurg Kalyandurg (Rural)
36 Sri Anjaneya Swamy Temple Pamidi Kandlapalle
37 Sri Nettikanti Anjaneya Swamy Temple Guntakal Kasapuram
38 "Sri Chennakesava, Anjaneya, Malleswara & Veerabhadra Swamy Temples" Pamidi Katrimala
39 Sri Gunti Subramanyeswara Swamy Temple Garladinne Kotanka
40 "Sri Lakshmi Narasimha and Anjaneya swamy temples., Baktharahalli & Jilledukunta (V)" Madakasira Madakasira
41 Sri Kalleswara & Basaveswara Swamy Temple Kanekal Malyam
42 "Sri Anjaneya, Chennakesava & Kasiviweswara Swamy temples" Hindupur Manesamudram
43 Sri Anjaneya Swamy Temple D.Hirchal Muradi
44 Sri Anjaneya Swamy temple Rayadurg Nagireddipalle
45 Sri Anjaneya Swamy Temple Bommanahal Nemakallu
46 Sri Venugopala & Anjaneya Swamy temple Singanamala Nidhanawada
47 Sri Bhogeswara &Chennakesava Swamy Temples Pamidi Pamidi
48 Sri Lakshmi Narayana & Anantha Gajagaruda Swamy Temples Pamidi Pamidi
49 Sri Siddeswara & Anjaneya Swamy Temples Uravakonda Pedda Musturu
50 "SRI ASWARTHA NARAYANA & BHEEMALINGESWARA SWAMY TEMPLE, A. PAPPURU" Peddapappur Peddapappur
51 Sri Jambukeswara Swamy Temple Rayadurg Rayadurg
52 Sri Prasana Venkataramana Swamy Temple Rayadurg Rayadurg
53 Sri Veerabhadra and Basaveswara Swamy Temple Rayadurg Rayadurg
54 Sri Madhava Swamy temple Atmakur Sanapa
55 Sri Rameswara Swamy temple Atmakur Sanapa
56 Sri Madugiri Narasimha Swamy temple Chilamathur Somaghatta
57 Sri Anjaneya Swamy temple Hindupur Sreekanthapuram (Rural)
58 Sri Bugga Ramalingeswara Swamy Temple Tadpatri Tadpatri (R)
59 Sri Chinthala Venkataramana Swamy Temple Tadpatri Tadpatri (R)
60 Sri Chennakesava & Pothularaju Swamy temple Atmakur Talupuru
61 Sri Anjaneya Swamy temple Beluguppa Thagguparthy
62 Sri Bolikonda Ranganatha Swamy Temple Gooty Thondapadu
63 Sri Ranganatha Swamy Temple Brahmasamudram Vepalaparthy
64 Sri Lakshmi Chennakesava Swamy temple Yadiki Yadiki
65 "Sri Kodigundla Lingamaiah, Eswara & Venkataramana Swamy Temples" Guntakal Yerrathimmaraju Cheruvu

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District – Guntur". Andhra Pradesh Online Portal. Archived from the original on 28 April 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Anantapur district profile". Andhra Pradesh State Portal. Archived from the original on 15 July 2014.
  3. ^ Reporter, Staff. "Anantapur district to be renamed Anantapuram". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Top 10 Largest Districts of India by Total Area". census2011.co.in.
  5. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Anantapur". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 913.
  6. ^ Rayudu, C. S. (1 January 1991). Rural Credit in India: A Study of Andhra Pradesh. Mittal Publications. p. 2. ISBN 9788170992486.
  7. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti; et al., eds. (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
  8. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Shikoku 18,545km2
  9. ^ "Historical Background". Archived from the original on 15 May 2013.
  10. ^ a b "District Census Handbook – Anantapur" (PDF). Census of India. p. 14. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  11. ^ "Census 2011". Official website of Anantapuram district. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  12. ^ a b "Economy of Anantapur District". Andhra Pradesh Economic Development Board. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  13. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  14. ^ "Megha Solar Plant". National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
  15. ^ "Anantapur Gets Solar Power Plant". The New Indian Express. Hyderabad. 14 November 2014. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
  16. ^ "Historical Background". Anantapur District Official website. National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  17. ^ "Anantapur gets two more revenue divisions". The Hindu. Anantapur. 27 June 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  18. ^ "APEDB Anantapur". Andhra Pradesh Economic Development Board. Retrieved 25 April 201. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  19. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  20. ^ "The Department of School Education - Official AP State Government Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  21. ^ "School Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 8 November 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  22. ^ a b "Student Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education. Child info 2015-16, District School Education - Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 22 May 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  23. ^ "Trust Boards Abstract". AP Temples Portal, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 24 July 2018.

External links[edit]