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Panorama of Anantnag
|• Total||40.44 km2 (15.61 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,601 m (5,253 ft)|
|• Density||4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)|
|• Official||Hindi, Kashmiri, Dogri, Urdu, English|
|• Sex ratio||937.8 ♀/ 1000 ♂|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||JK 03|
Anantnag (/ə'nʌntna:g/ or /-nɑːg/ listen (help·info); lit. 'countless springs'), also called Islamabad, is the administrative headquarters of the Anantnag district in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. It is located at a distance of 53 kilometres (33 miles) from the union territory's capital Srinagar. It is the third largest city in Jammu and Kashmir after Srinagar and Jammu with an urban agglomerate population of 159,838 and municipal limit population of 109,433.
The name Anantnag is thought to originate from the Sanskrit term ananta, meaning "infinite", and Kashmiri word nāga, "water spring"; Anant-nāg would thus mean "numerous springs", as there are indeed many springs in the town. According to Marc Aurel Stein, however, the name of the city comes from the name of the spring located in the centre of the town.
Both names are used for the town, Anantnag being preferred by the Hindus and Sikhs and Islamabad being preferred by the Muslims. Walter Roper Lawrence refers to "Anantnag district" in his work the Valley of Kashmir, published in 1895. The locals continue to use the name Islamabad, even though the Indian security forces deployed in the area with the start of Kashmir insurgency frowned on its use.
Anantnag is located at  at an elevation of 5,300 feet (1,600 m) above sea level, at a distance of 53 kilometres (33 mi) from Srinagar on NH 44 (former name NH 1A before renumbering of all national highways).,
|Climate data for Anantnag (1971–1986)|
|Average high °C (°F)||7.3
|Average low °C (°F)||−2.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||47
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)||7.0||8.3||11.1||8.2||8.2||5.9||7.7||6.6||3.5||3.1||3.0||5.9||78.5|
There are three definitions of Anantnag:
- Anantnag Municipal Council: population in 2011: 109,433, area: 15.72 km2 (6.07 sq mi).
- Anantnag city including outgrowths: population in 2011: 150,592, area: 37.94 km2 (14.65 sq mi).
- Anantnag Urban Agglomeration: population in 2011: 159,838, area: 40.44 km2 (15.61 sq mi).
Including outgrowths, in 2011 the city's population had 77,508 males (52%) and 72,690 females (48%). There were 25,102 (16.7%) age 0-6: 13,528 males (54%) and 11,574 females (46%). The literacy rate for the people over six was 73.8% (males 81.0%, females 66.2%).
Government and politics
The local body for Anantnag is called Municipal Council Anantnag. Anantnag has 25 wards. The local body elections in Anantnag took place in 2018 in which the party Indian National Congress won 20 wards and BJP won 3 wards. The President and Vice President are the elected heads of the Municipal Council. The elections are indirect elections. Hilal Ahmed Shah is the President of Municipal Council Anantnag.
The Martand Sun Temple is one of the important archaeological sites of Kashmir. It was built around 500 CE. This temple has the typical Aryan structure as was present in Aryan Kashmir. The Martand temple is situated at Kehribal, 9 km east-north-east of Anantnag and south of Mattan. This famous Sun Temple was destroyed by Ruler namely Sikander Buthshikan of Shahmiri Dynasty and took him more than a year to destroy this temple.
In 2010 Anantnag was declared as major City of Export excellence with a total GDP of 3.7 billion $. The high GDP of Anantnag is due to the centralised position and presence of high concentration of troops and migrant labours in it. Anantnag has a strategic position lying on the main North-South Corridor Road and with the highest number of tourist destinations it an economic hub of Kashmir Valley. The city suffered heavily during conflict times of the 1990s; many roads, bridges, and government buildings were reduced to ash. But in the 2000s, it made a quick recovery. It has been listed among 100 fastest economically developing cities.
Srinagar is 53 km from Anantnag on NH 44 (former name NH 1A before renumbering of all national highways). The distances of some other towns from Anantnag are: Achabal 10 km, Kokarnag 23 km, Doru Shahabad 20 km and Pahalgam 39 km. The city is served by National Highway 44. The city is gateway to the Kashmir valley as one side of Jawahar Tunnel opens here.
Anantnag(ANT) is a station on the 119 km (74 mi) long Banihal-Baramulla line that started in October 2009 and connects Baramulla(BRML) and Srinagar to Banihal(BAHL), Qazigund .The railway track also connects to Banihal across the Pir Panjal mountains through a newly constructed 11 km long Banihal tunnel, and subsequently to the Indian railway network after a few years. It takes approximately 9 minutes and 30 seconds for a train to cross the tunnel. It is the longest rail tunnel in India. This railway system, proposed in 2001, is not expected to connect the Indian railway network until 2017 at the earliest, with a cost overrun of 55 billion INR. The train also runs during heavy snow across the Kashmir Valley.
There are numerous primary, middle secondary and higher secondary schools in the city. Of the higher education, the following establishments are notable:
- University of Kashmir South Campus, Anantnag
- Government Medical College, Anantnag
- Industrial Training Institute, Anantnag
- Government degree college(Boys) khanabal Anantnag
- Government Women's College, Anantnag
- Government Boys Model Higher Secondary school BrakPora Anantnag
- Al Ahad College of Education, Anantnag
- Jamia College of Education, Anantnag
- Government Polytechnic College, Anantnag
- A-4 Towns And Urban Agglomerations Classified By Population Size Class In 2011 With Variation Since 1901. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India (Report).
Class - I Population of 100,000 and Above (Report).
- Shah, Syed Amjad (16 December 2020). "Govt orders establishment of official language section in GAD" (PDF). Greater Kashmir. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
- District Census Handbook Anantnag, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. pp. 28–29. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
- Bhat, M. Ashraf (2017), The Changing Language Roles and Linguistic Identities of the Kashmiri Speech Community, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, p. 57, ISBN 978-1-4438-6260-8
- "Anantnag City Census 2011 data". Archived from the original on 5 May 2012.
- Aslam, M.J. (15 February 2018). "Anantnag or Islamabad? What is the actual name of this South Kashmir district?". Kashmir Watch. Archived from the original on 15 February 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
- Ahmad, Khalid Bashir (2017), Kashmir: Exposing the Myth behind the Narrative, SAGE Publishing India, pp. 201–, ISBN 978-93-86062-81-9
- Lawrence, Walter Roper (1895). The Valley of Kashmir. H. Frowde. p. 225.
- "What is in a name – Islamabad". kashmirdispatch.com. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Anantnag. Fallingrain.com.
- "Climatological Information for Srinigar, India". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- "Municipal Council Anantnag | District Anantnag, Government of Jammu & Kasmir | India". Retrieved 5 September 2020.
- "J&K municipal polls: Congress wins Anantnag, sweeps Leh, BJP makes its mark in Valley". Hindustan Times. 20 October 2018. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
- "President Municipal Council Anantnag awarded for his fight against COVID-19". Fast Kashmir. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
- "Places To Visit In Anantnag". Holidify Pvt Ltd.
- "Centre declares Srinagar, Anantnag as 'Export Excellence towns'". The Economic Times. 1 December 2010. Archived from the original on 12 February 2018.
- "Anantnag Pin code". citypincode.in. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anantnag.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Anantnag|
- Anantnag travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Articles about Anantnag in The Economic Times
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.