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Anarchism in New Zealand

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The political philosophy of anarchism has had a small presence in New Zealand politics.


  • 1859 – Arthur Desmond born.[1]
  • 1901 July – The loosely organised New Zealand Socialist Party was formed and included syndicalists and anarchists. The Wellington group became a centre for anti-parliamentary socialists.[2]
  • 1908 – New Zealand Socialist Party has 3000 members and holds its first national conference. The conference condemns political action by a two to one majority.[2]
  • 1910 – Anarchists within the Christchurch branch of the Socialist Party leave to form an IWW Recruiting Union.[3]
  • 9 July 1913 – The Freedom Group is set up by Philip Josephs in Wellington and lasts for a year. Rumor has it they have running battles with Police during the Great Strike.[4]
  • 1966Bill Dwyer convicted for calling the Queen a bludger whilst speaking in Auckland in 1966.[5]
  • 1982Wanganui Computer Centre bombing
  • 1995 May 1 – The Freedom Shop opens.[6]
  • 2008 - Aotearoa Workers Solidarity Movement (AWSM) is formed, reflecting a Platformist viewpoint.[7]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Prebble 1995, p. 4.
  2. ^ a b Prebble 1995, p. 15.
  3. ^ a b Davidson, J. (2011). Remains to be Seen: Tracing Joe Hill's ashes in New Zealand, Wellington: Rebel Press.
  4. ^ Prebble 1995, pp. 17–18.
  5. ^ Boraman, Toby (2007) "Rabble rousers and merry pranksters: a history of anarchism in Aotearoa/New Zealand from the mid-1950s to the early 1980s" pp. 8–25 Archived 4 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 29 August 2011.
  6. ^ State Adversary, The (1996) Archived 9 July 2019 at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved 27 August 2011.
  7. ^ "About Us". AWSM. 6 May 2018. Retrieved 5 February 2023.
  8. ^ Prebble 1995, pp. 8–13.
  9. ^ Lake, J. & Lee, K. A. (2002). Up the Punks! - an exhibition celebrating 20 years of Wellington punk culture, Wellington: Thistle Hall Gallery.

Works cited[edit]

Further reading[edit]


  • Buchanan, Sam (2010) "Anarchism in Aotearoa/New Zealand" Archived 4 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  • Davidson, Jared (2013) "Sewing Freedom: Philip Josephs, Transnationalism & Early New Zealand Anarchism" – AK Press
  • Fry, E.C. (1965) "Tom Barker & the I.W.W."
  • Nettlau, Max (Unknown) "Die Geschichte Des Anarchismus" ("the History of Anarchism") see Chapter 10 "Anarchist propaganda and Industrial Unionism in Australia and New Zealand."


  • Anarchism and Feminism. Christchurch: Libertarian Press, 1995. A reprint of articles by Margaret Flaws and the Auckland Anarcho-Feminist Huddle from the 1970s.
  • Bolstad, Richard. An Anarchist Analysis of the Chinese Revolution. Christchurch: Christchurch Anarchy Group, 1976.
  • Bolstad, R. The Industrial Front: An Introduction to the Past Lessons, Present Tactics and Future Possibilities of the Struggle for Worker Self-Management . For Those Who Already Had a Suspicion There was Something Wrong With Work as it is. Christchurch: Christchurch Anarchy Group, c. 1977.
  • Boraman, Toby. "The New Left in New Zealand" in on the Left: Essays on Socialism in New Zealand, eds. Pat Moloney and Kerry Taylor. Dunedin: Otago University Press, 2002, pp. 117–32.
  • Boraman, T. "The New Left and Anarchism in New Zealand From the Mid-1950s to the Early 1980s: An Anarchist Communist Interpretation." PhD thesis, University of Otago, Dunedin, 2006.
  • Buchanan, Sam. Anarchy: The Transmogrification of Everyday Life. Wellington: Committee for the Establishment of Civilisation, * 1999.
  • Buis, Simon. The Brutus Festival. Auckland: Auckland Copy Centre, 1969.
  • Churton, Wade. "Have You Checked the Children?" Punk and Postpunk Music in New Zealand, 1977.1981. Christchurch: Put Your Foot Down Publishing, 1999.
  • Cumming, Allan. Understanding Nonviolence. Dunedin: Dunedin Nonviolent Action Resource Group, 1983.
  • Cumming, A. How Nonviolence Works. Dunedin: Nonviolent Action Network in Aotearoa, 1985.
  • Droescher, Werner. "The Little Black and Red Book of Anarchism." Unpublished manuscript, 1977.
  • Droescher, W. "Toward an Alternative Society." Unpublished manuscript, 1978. University of Auckland Library.
  • Dwyer, Bill. [writing under the pseudonym B. Langford]. "Anarchism in New Zealand." Red and Black. 1 (1965), pp. 33–35.
  • Gramaphone, Malcolm. Get Lushed on Your Own Grog: An Underground Brewer's Bible. Dunedin: Kropotkin Press, 1972.
  • Innes, Wayne. Don't Pay Taxes. Auckland: Social Analysis, 1978.
  • Innes, W. How to Survive in Suburbia. Auckland: Pupuke Press, 1981.
  • Prebble, F. "Jock Barnes and the Syndicalist Tradition in New Zealand." Thrall. 14 (July/August 2000), pp. 4–5.
  • Sargent, Lyman T. "Beeville: An Anarchist Commune in New Zealand, 1933–1973." Paper delivered at the Sixth International Communal Studies Association meeting, Amsterdam, 1998.
  • Sargent, L. and Lucy Sargisson. Living in Utopia: New Zealand's Intentional Communities. Aldershot and Burlington: Ashgate, 2004.
  • Suggate, Richard. "Anarchism in New Zealand 1900.1965 and Today." Archived 5 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine Freedom. 28 Aug. 1982, pp. 4–5.

External links[edit]