Anarchists Against the Wall
Anarchists Against the Wall (AAtW), (Hebrew: אנרכיסטים נגד גדרות) sometimes called "Anarchists Against Fences" or "Jews Against Ghettos", is a direct action group composed of Israeli anarchists and anti-authoritarians who oppose the construction of the Israeli Gaza Strip barrier and Israeli West Bank barrier. The AAtW calls the West Bank barrier the 'Apartheid Wall'. Although AAtW has no official membership, it claims to have around 100 active participants who coordinate with Palestinians and groups like the International Solidarity Movement to organize nonviolent marches, civil disobedience, and direct action.
A member of Anarchists Against the Wall has described the construction of the barrier as part of a strategy of ethnic cleansing, "one of the greatest threats the Palestinian population has known over the last century... which is to make life so appalling for the Palestinian people that they will be left with one choice: move out."
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On 26 December 2003, during an AATW demonstration near the village of Mas'ha, the Israeli Defense Forces shot and wounded Gil Na'amati, an anarchist and former paratrooper. Shots were fired after demonstrators started to shake the locked gate in the fence. Video clips of that incident were shown on all Israeli TV channels.
On April 3 Jonathan Pollak was shot in the head with a tear gas canister from an M16, at a distance of approximately thirty meters, at a protest against the Wall in the West Bank village of Bil'in, leaving him with internal brain hemorrhaging and a wound requiring 23 stitches.
In February 2006, Matan Cohen, a 17-year-old member of Anarchists Against The Wall, was shot with rubber bullets by Israeli soldiers during a demonstration in Beit Sira village. Cohen, whose left eye was injured, later told reporters, "My feeling is that the blood of left-wing activists and the Palestinians is cheap." Three soldiers and Border Police officers were injured by rocks thrown at them, and one police officer was taken to hospital.
On August 11, in the midst of the 2006 war in Lebanon, marked the most severe injury to an Israeli activist yet. During a demonstration against the wall in Bil'in, an Israeli border police officer shot Limor Goldstein in the head with a rubber coated steel bullet from a distance of 10 to 20 meters. Shooting rubber bullets from such a short distance is prohibited and video evidence indicates that the shot was unprovoked. With border police officers at the scene initially refusing to provide medical treatment to his injury, or let others treat him properly, it took two hours to complete the evacuation.
AAtW issued a call for support in July 2007, owing more than $40,000 in expense for over 60 indictments.
A collection of writings by activists in the group appeared in 2013.
Anarchists Against the Wall, along with Ta'ayush, main political support comes from the Arab and Israeli left. It participates in acts of civil disobedience as they consider government's decision to be illegal according to international law and therefore illegitimate.
- We Are All Anarchists Against the Wall. Federazione Dei Comunisiti Anarchici, 2004
- "Fence protester hit in the head by tear gas canister". Haaretz. Retrieved Aug 14, 2013.
- Injured anti-fence 'anarchist' speaks out (via Ynetnews)
- "One blow to the brain". Retrieved 2007-12-30.
Limor Goldstein, a lawyer who was born in Germany and who holds permanent residency in Israel, was wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet that penetrated his brain.
- Lymor Goldstein, An Israeli demonstrator got shot in his head by an Israeli border patrol soldier during a demonstration in Bil‘in Archived October 11, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- One blown to the brain, Haaretz, 8 September 2006 (English)
- Call for Support by Anarchists Against the Wall Archived September 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., Indymedia (Marseille), July 31, 2007 (English)
- Uri Gordon and Ohal Grietzer, eds. Anarchists Against the Wall: Direct Action and Solidarity with the Palestinian Popular Struggle. Oakland: AK Press, 2013. ISBN 9781849351140
- Marteu, Elisabeth (2009). Civil organizations and protest movements in Israel mobilization around the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 82. ISBN 9780230621749.
- Gordon, Uri and Ohal Grietzer, eds. (2013). Anarchists Against the Wall: Direct action and solidarity with the Palestinian popular struggle. Oakland: AK Press. ISBN 978-1-8493-5114-0.
- Gordon, Uri (2008). "HomeLand: Anarchy and Joint Struggle in Palestine/Israel". Anarchy Alive!: Anti-Authoritarian Politics from Practice to Theory. Sydney: Pluto Press. ISBN 9780745326832. OCLC 154769337.
- Massey, David s S (2002). It's All Lies: Leaflets, Underground Press and Posters The Fusion of Resistance and Creativity in Israel. USA: AK Press. ISBN 965-7237-00-9. OCLC 78027640.
- Anarchists Against the Wall - Official website
- Mas'ha Camp Website
- Book on Anarchists Against the Wall
- Booklet on Anarchists Against the Wall
- Democracy isn't Built on Demonstrators' bodies - Documentary about the shooting of activist Gil Na'amati
- Photos of an Anarchists Against the Wall protest
- Israeli Anarchism – Being Young, Queer, and Radical in the Promised Land (Article)
- Shachaf Polakow - Anarchists Against the Wall: Solidarity, Resistance, Direct Action, presentation from the recent North America speaking tour, February 12, 2009, Portland, Oregon.