On July 13, 2011 Max Bemis announced that Say Anything had been signed to Equal Vision Records. They recorded Anarchy, My Dear from August 2011 to the end of September 2011 with ...Is a Real Boy producer, Tim O'Heir. Explaining the album's theme, Bemis said, “Anarchy, My Dear is our first attempt to write a true ‘punk’ record; thematically speaking, it’s a collection of songs about subverting society and destroying the boundaries humankind has placed upon ourselves both physically and in our minds. Coincidentally, it also happens to be the first record we’ve made in years where we had total freedom to explore our ‘edgier’ side and present a raw picture of what the band is truly about onstage.”
"We thought we could best represent what the album means by using the symbolism of a burning flag stitched onto an actual flag. The image represents a championing of the ’cause’ of struggling against the rules and regulations that dictate our thinking.”
On December 19, 2011 Say Anything streamed their first single from the album called "Burn a Miracle." The track was officially released the following day to digital music retailers. On January 10, 2012 the album's track listing was revealed.
On February 4, 2012 the band released the second single from the album entitled "Say Anything".