From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Koonunga cursor.png
Koonunga cursor male
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Superorder: Syncarida
Order: Anaspidacea
Calman, 1904

See text

Anaspidacea is an order of crustaceans, comprising eleven genera in four families. Species in the family Anaspididae vary from being strict stygobionts (only living underground) to species living in lakes, streams and moorland pools, and are found only in Tasmania.[1] Koonungidae is found in Tasmania and the south-eastern part of the Australian mainland, where they live in the burrows made by crayfish and in caves.[2] The families Psammaspididae and Stygocarididae are both restricted to caves, but Stygocarididae has a much wider distribution than the other families, with Parastygocaris having species in New Zealand and South America as well as Australia; two other genera in the family are endemic to South America, and one, Stygocarella, is endemic to New Zealand.[3][4][5]



  1. ^ J. K. Lowry & M. Yerman (October 2, 2002). "Anaspidacea: Families – Anaspididae". Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  2. ^ J. K. Lowry & M. Yerman (October 2, 2002). "Anaspidacea: Families – Koonungidae". Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  3. ^ Estela C. Lopretto & Juan J. Morrone (1998). "Anaspidacea, Bathynellacea (Crustacea, Syncarida), generalised tracks, and the biogeographical relationships of South America". Zoologica Scripta. 27 (4): 311–318. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.1998.tb00463.x. 
  4. ^ J. K. Lowry & M. Yerman (October 2, 2002). "Anaspidacea: Families – Psammaspididae". Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  5. ^ J. K. Lowry & M. Yerman (October 2, 2002). "Anaspidacea: Families – Stygocarididae". Retrieved January 1, 2012.