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Statue of Anastasia Romanovna.
|Tsaritsa consort of All Russia|
|Tenure||3 February 1547 – 7 August 1560|
|Died||7 August 1560 (aged 29–30)
|Burial||Ascension Convent, Kolomenskoye
Archangel Cathedral, Kremlin (1929)
|Spouse||Ivan IV of Russia|
|Issue||Tsarevna Anna Ivanovna
Tsarevna Maria Ivanovna
Tsarevich Dmitri Ivanovich
Tsarevich Ivan Ivanovich
Tsarevna Eudoxia Ivanovna
|Father||Roman Yurievich Zakharyin-Yuriev|
Anastasia Romanovna Zakharyina-Yurieva (1530 – 7 August 1560) was the first wife of the Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible and the first Russian tsaritsa. She was the daughter of Boyar Roman Yurievich Zakharyin-Yuriev, Okolnichi, who died on 16 February 1543, who gave his name to the Romanov Dynasty of Russian monarchs, and wife Uliana Ivanovna, who died in 1579.
She was selected as the best bride for Ivan from a large number of suitable mates, brought to the Kremlin specifically for the selection process. All the noble families throughout Russia were given an invitation to present their eligible daughters for this purpose (it is said that there were between 500 and 1500 girls to choose from). Anastasia and Ivan's marriage took place on 3 February 1547 at the Cathedral of the Annunciation. She gave birth to a total of six children (Anna, Maria, Dmitry, Ivan, Eudoxia, and Feodor).
It is widely believed that Anastasia had a moderating influence on Ivan's volatile character. In the summer of 1560, she fell ill to a lingering illness. In consequence to these events, Ivan suffered a severe emotional collapse suspecting that his wife had been a victim of malicious actions and had been poisoned by the Boyars. Although he had no evidence of such crimes, he had a number of them tortured and executed. He had already had a strong dislike for the Boyars due to their abusive actions toward him during his childhood.
Further examination of the bone remains of Anastasia in the late 20th century by archaeologists and forensics experts have been able to provide evidence that could actually sustain her husband's claim. The high levels of mercury in her hair could be symptomatic of poisoning. However mercury was also used as a cure, and so this is disputed.
Anastasia's brother Nikita Romanovich was the father of Feodor, the first to take the surname Romanov. In other words, Feodor Romanov was the first cousin of the last Rurikid tsar, Feodor I. This connection with the derelict dynasty facilitated the election of Feodor's son Mikhail Romanov to the throne after the Time of Troubles.
- Tsarevna Anna Ivanovna of Russia (10 August 1548 - 20 July 1550)
- Tsarevna Maria Ivanovna of Russia (17 March 1551 - ?); died young.
- Tsarevich Dmitry Ivanovich of Russia (October 1552 - 26 June 1553)
- Tsarevich Ivan Ivanovich of Russia (28 March 1554 - 19 November 1582); heir of Ivan IV, murdered by his father.
- Tsarevna Eudoxia Ivanovna of Russia (26 February 1556 - June 1558)
- Tsar Feodor I of Russia (31 May 1557 - 6 January 1598); Ivan IV's successor.
Media related to Anastasia Romanovna at Wikimedia Commons
- Наука: открытия и исследования, космос и авиация, генетика и древние тайны, новое о человеке и природе at the Wayback Machine (archived March 22, 2007)
- De Madariaga, Isabel (2006). Ivan the Terrible: First Tsar of Russia. Yale: Yale University Press. pp. 131–132. ISBN 0-300-11973-9.
Title last held byElena Glinskaya
as Grand Princess of Muscovy
|Tsaritsa of Russia
Title next held byMaria Temryukovna