Anatole Klyosov

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2008 photo

Anatole A. Klyosov is a US scientist (since 1990) born in the Kaliningrad region of Russia on 20 November 1946. He is now living in Newton, Massachusetts. He is known for his work in physical chemistry, enzyme catalysis, biomedical sciences, industrial biochemistry.[1][2] In the Soviet Union, he held one of the top scientific recognitions, being awarded the USSR State Prize in Science and Technology (1984).[3]

Scientific work[edit]

Klyosov was the first person in the early 1980 USSR to use the global computer network that later became the Internet.[4] From the early 1980s the All Union Scientific Research Institute for Applied Computerized Systems (VNIIPAS) was working to implement data connections over the X.25 telephone protocol. A test Soviet connection to Austria in 1982 existed, in 1982 and 1983 there were a series of "world computer conferences" at VNIIPAS initiated by the UN where the USSR was represented by a team of scientists from many Soviet Republics headed by Klyosov. The other participating countries were the UK, USA, Canada, Sweden, West-Germany, and Finland; the following countries did not have direct computer communications and participated with the conference teams via telephone: GDR, Italy, Philippines, Guatemala, Japan, Thailand, Luxembourg, Denmark, Brazil and New Zealand.[5] In 1985 Klyosov published the first-ever Russian language article about the Internet in the magazine "Science in the USSR".[6]

From 2000 to 2013, he was senior Vice President and then (from 2006) Chief Scientist of Pro-Pharmaceuticals and then Galectin Therapeutics, a public company in the Boston area, from 1996 to 2000, he was vice president of research and development for Kadant Composites, Inc., a subsidiary of Kadant, Inc., where he directed a laboratory specializing in biochemistry, microbiology and polymer engineering. From 1990 to 1998, Dr. Klyosov was visiting professor of biochemistry at the Center for Biochemical and Biophysical Sciences at Harvard Medical School. From 1981 to 1990, he was professor and head of the Carbohydrates Research Laboratory at the A.N. Bach Institute of Biochemistry, USSR Academy of Sciences.[7] Currently he is Emeritus Founder and Chief Scientist of Galectin Therapeutics and a member of Scientific Advisory Board. MIR International is his Massachusetts company which he owns since October 1991,[8] currently specializing in consulting to industry and law firms.[9] He is a fellow of the World Academy of Art and Science[10] (since 1989), and Foreign Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Georgia[11] (since 2014).

DNA genealogy[edit]

Klyosov is also known for pseudoscientific[12][13][14] publications on what he calls[15] "DNA genealogy" and its applications to history and anthropology which he describes as a "new science".[12][14]

He is the founder and president of the Academy of DNA Genealogy.[16] Between 2007 and 2010 it was the Russian Academy of DNA Genealogy and in 2010 it identified itself as international and was renamed as the Academy of DNA Genealogy (Boston, Moscow, Tsukuba). Klyosov self-publishes its proceedings through[17][18][19]

Klyosov became editor-in-chief of the journal Advances in Anthropology, published by Scientific Research Publishing, a predatory open access publisher,[20] after a mass resignation of editors from the journal in 2014.[21]

In some of his writings on DNA genealogy Klyosov tried to refute the Out of Africa hypothesis and proposed his alternative Into Africa theory.[15]


Books in English[edit]

  • Klyosov, A. A. (2007). Wood-Plastic Composites. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9780470165928.  (Translated to Chinese, Science Press, China, 2010; translated to Russian, НОТ Publishing House, 2010, 736 с.)
  • Wingard, L. B. Jr; Berezin, I. V.; Klyosov, A. A., eds. (1980). Enzyme Engineering. N.Y.: Plenum Press. 
  • Klyosov, A. A.; Witczak, Z. J.; Platt, D., eds. (2006). Carbohydrate Drug Design. ACS symposium series (Vol 932). Washington DC: American Chemical Society. ISBN 9780841239463. 
  • Klyosov, A. A.; Witczak, Z. J.; Platt, D., eds. (2008). Galectins. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9780470377789. 
  • Klyosov, A. A., ed. (2012). Glycobiology and Drug Design. ACS symposium series (Vol 1102). Washington DC: American Chemical Society. 
  • Klyosov, A. A.; Traber, P. G., eds. (2013). Galectins and Disease Implications for Targeted Therapeutics. ACS symposium series (Vol 1115). Washington DC: American Chemical Society. ISBN 9780841228801. 

Books in Russian[edit]

  • Berezin, I. V.; Klyosov, A. A. (1976). Практический курс химической и ферментативной кинетики [Practical Course of Chemical and Enzymatic Kinetics] (in Russian). Moscow University Press. 
  • Klyosov, A. A.; Berezin, I. V. (1980). Ферментативный катализ. Т. 1 [Enzyme Catalysis, Vol. 1] (in Russian). Moscow University Press. 
  • Klyosov, A. A. (1984). Ферментативный катализ. Т. 2 [Enzyme Catalysis, Vol. 2] (in Russian). Moscow University Press. 
  • Berezin, I. V.; Klyosov, A. A.; et al. (1987). Egorov, N. S.; Samuilov, V. D., eds. Биотехнология. Кн. 8: Инженерная энзимология [Biotechnology. Book 8: Engineering Enzymology] (in Russian). Москва: Высшая школа. 
  • Klyosov, A. A. (2012). Интернет (Заметки научного сотрудника) [The Internet. Notes of a Scientific Worker] (in Russian). Moscow University Press. ISBN 978-5-211-05804-0. 

Publications on DNA genealogy[edit]

  • Klyosov, A. A.; Tyunyayev, A. A. (2010). Происхождение человека (по данным археологии, антропологии и ДНК-генеалогии) [Origin of Man (according to archaeology, anthropology and DNA genealogy)] (in Russian). Москва: Белые Альвы. ISBN 978-5-91464-040-5. 
  • Кљосов, A. A. (2013). Порекло Словена. Осврти на ДНК-генеалогију [Origin of Slavs. Essays in DNA Genealogy] (in Serbian). Београд: Мирослав. 
    • Klyosov, A. A. (2015). Происхождение славян и других народов. Очерки ДНК-генеалогии [Origin of Slavs and Other Peoples. Essays in DNA Genealogy] (in Russian). Москва: Алгоритм. ISBN 978-5-4438-0978-6. 
  • Klyosov, A. A. (2013). Происхождение славян. ДНК-генеалогия против "норманнской теории" [Origin of Slavs. DNA Genealogy Against the "Norman Theory"] (in Russian). Москва: Алгоритм. ISBN 978-5-4438-0324-1. 
  • Klyosov, A. A. (2013). Занимательная ДНК-генеалогия. Новая наука даёт ответы [Entertaining DNA Genealogy. New Science Gives Answers] (in Russian). Москва: Вече. ISBN 978-5-4444-1351-7. 
  • Klyosov, A. A.; Penzev, K. A. (2015). Арийские народы на просторах Евразии [The Aryan Peoples in the Vastness of Eurasia] (in Russian). Москва: Книжный мир. ISBN 978-5-8041-0733-9. 
  • Klyosov, A. A. (2015). Славяне, кавказцы, евреи с точки зрения ДНК-генеалогии [Slavs, Caucasians, Jews from the Point of View of DNA Genealogy] (in Russian). Москва: Книжный мир. ISBN 978-5-8041-0757-5. 
  • Klyosov, A. A. (2016). Кому мешает ДНК-генеалогия? Ложь, инсинуации, и русофобия в современной российской науке [Who is Against DNA Genealogy? Lies, Insinuations and Russophobia in modern Russian science] (in Russian). Москва: Книжный мир. ISBN 978-5-8041-0842-8. 


  1. ^ "Anatole Klyosov profile". ( copy). 2014. Archived from the original on October 12, 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-19. 
  2. ^ "Russians catch the nu-food bug". New Scientist: 543. 26 May 1983. 
  3. ^ Pravda newspaper, November 7, 1984, front page
  4. ^ "Internet-Pionier Kljosow: Genosse Online". SPIEGEL ONLINE. 22 October 2010. Retrieved 15 October 2014. 
  5. ^ (Russian) Двадцать лет спустя, или как начинался Интернет в Советском Союзе — expanded article originally from Ogonyok magazine №45, 2001.
  6. ^ (Russian) В моду входят телеконференции Archived September 30, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. // Журнал «Наука в СССР», 1985.— № 6.— стp. 84—89
  7. ^ "Galectin Therapeutics Advisory Board". Retrieved 16 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "Business Entity Summary for: MIR INTERNATIONAL, INC.". Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth. Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  9. ^ "Annual report: MIR INTERNATIONAL, INC." (PDF). Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth. Retrieved 2016-06-22. 
  10. ^ "World Academy of Art and Science". 
  11. ^ "Georgian National Academy of Sciences, Foreign Members". 
  12. ^ a b Balanovsky, O. P. (2015). "Лженаучные дискуссии" [Pseudoscientific discussions]. Генофонд Европы [Gene pool of Europe] (in Russian). KMK Scientific Press. pp. 64–66. ISBN 9785990715707. 
  13. ^ Klein, L. S. (2015). "Опасная ДНК-демагогия Клёсова" [Klyosov's dangerous DNA-demagogy] (PDF). In Aleksandrov, E. B.; Efremov, Yu. N. В защиту науки [In defense of science] (in Russian). Bulletin No.15 of Commission on pseudoscience and research fraud of Russian Academy of Sciences. Moscow: Nauka. pp. 29–49. ISBN 978-5-02-039148-2. Retrieved 2016-04-26. 
  14. ^ a b Balanovskaya, E. V.; et al. (2015-01-13). "ДНК-демагогия Анатолия Клёсова" [Anatoly Klyosov's DNA-demagogy] (in Russian). TrV-Science. 
  15. ^ a b "Problematical theories". UCL, Molecular and Cultural Evolution Lab. Retrieved 2016-10-22. 
  16. ^ "About Academy". Academy of DNA genealogy. Retrieved 3 July 2016. 
  17. ^ "Special Edition". Proceedings of the Russian Academy of DNA Genealogy. Lulu inc. 1 (1). 2008. Retrieved 2016-06-24. 
  18. ^ "Proceedings of the Russian Academy of DNA Genealogy". Lulu inc. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  19. ^ "Proceedings of the Academy of DNA Genealogy" (PDF). Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  20. ^ "The Chinese Publisher SCIRP (Scientific Research Publishing): A Publishing Empire Built on Junk Science". Scholarly Open Access. 2014. Archived from the original on 2016-06-16. 
  21. ^ An Editorial Board Mass-Resignation — from an Open-Access Journal, Jeffrey Beale

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