Anatole Klyosov

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2008 photo

Anatole A. Klyosov is a US scientist (since 1990) born in the Kaliningrad region of Russia on 20 November 1946. He is now living in Newton, Massachusetts. He is known for his work in physical chemistry, enzyme catalysis, biomedical sciences, industrial biochemistry,[1][2] and mathematical/statistical/ computer application on DNA genealogy studies. In Russia, he held one of the top scientific recognitions, being awarded the USSR State Prize in Science and Technology (1984).[3]


Klyosov was the first person in the early 1980 USSR to use the global computer network that later became the Internet.[4] From the early 1980s the All Union Scientific Research Institute for Applied Computerized Systems (VNIIPAS) was working to implement data connections over the X.25 telephone protocol. A test Soviet connection to Austria in 1982 existed, in 1982 and 1983 there were a series of "world computer conferences" at VNIIPAS initiated by the UN where the USSR was represented by a team of scientists from many Soviet Republics headed by Klyosov. The other participating countries were the UK, USA, Canada, Sweden, West-Germany, and Finland; the following countries did not have direct computer communications and participated with the conference teams via telephone: GDR, Italy, Philippines, Guatemala, Japan, Thailand, Luxembourg, Denmark, Brazil and New Zealand.[5] In 1985 Klyosov published the first-ever Russian language article about the Internet in the magazine "Science in the USSR".[6]

From 2000 to 2013, he was senior Vice President and then (from 2006) Chief Scientist of Pro-Pharmaceuticals and then Galectin Therapeutics, a public company in the Boston area, from 1996 to 2000, he was vice president of research and development for Kadant Composites, Inc., a subsidiary of Kadant, Inc., where he directed a laboratory specializing in biochemistry, microbiology and polymer engineering. From 1990 to 1998, Dr. Klyosov was visiting professor of biochemistry at the Center for Biochemical and Biophysical Sciences at Harvard Medical School. From 1981 to 1990, he was professor and head of the Carbohydrates Research Laboratory at the A.N. Bach Institute of Biochemistry, USSR Academy of Sciences.[7] Currently he is Emeritus Founder and Chief Scientist of Galectin Therapeutics and a member of Scientific Advisory Board. MIR International is his Massachusetts consulting company which he owns since October 1991, currently specializing in composite materials and DNA genealogy (two separate divisions). He is a fellow of the World Academy of Art and Science[8] (since 1989), and Foreign Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Georgia[9] (since 2014).

Notable publications[edit]

Books in English[edit]

Klyosov A. A. Wood-Plastic Composites. John Wiley & Sons, 2007, 698 pp. (Translated to Chinese, Science Press, China, 2010; translated to Russian, НОТ Publishing House, 2010, 736 с.)

Enzyme Engineering (ed., L. Wingard, I. Berezin, A. Klyosov), Plenum Press, 1980, 521 pp.

Carbohydrate Drug Design (ed., A.A. Klyosov et al.), Oxford University Press, 2006, 323 pp.

Galectins (ed., A.A. Klyosov et al.), John Wiley & Sons, 2008, 279 pp.

Glycobiology and Drug Design (ed., A.A. Klyosov), Oxford University Press, 2013, 331 pp.

Galectins and Disease Implications for Targeted Therapeutics (eds., A.A. Klyosov and P.G. Traber), American Chemical Society, 2013, 456 pp.

Books in Russian[edit]

Березин И. В., Клёсов А. А. Практический курс химической и ферментативной кинетики, Изд-во Московского университета, 1976, 320 с. (Practical Course of Chemical and Enzyme Kinetics)

Клёсов А. А., Березин И. В. Ферментативный катализ, т.1. Изд-во Московского университета, 1980, 263 с. (Enzyme Catalysis, Vol. 1)

Клёсов А. А. Ферментативный катализ, т.2. Изд-во Московского университета, 1984, 216 с. (Enzyme Catalysis, Vol. 2)

Березин И. В., Клёсов А. А. и др. Инженерная энзимология. Изд-во «Высшая школа», М., 1987, 143 с. (Enzyme Engineering)

Клёсов А. А. Интернет (Заметки научного сотрудника). Изд-во Московского университета, 2010, 512 с. ISBN 978-5-211-05804-0 (The Internet. Notes of a Scientist)

Клёсов А. А., Тюняев А. А. Происхождение человека (по данным археологии, антропологии и ДНК-генеалогии). 2010, 1024 стр. (Origin of Man)

Клёсов А. А. Происхождение славян и других народов. Очерки ДНК-генеалогии. — 2011. — 645 с. (Origin of Slavs and Other Peoples. Essays in DNA Genealogy)

Клёсов А. А. Происхождение славян. ДНК-генеалогия против «норманнской теории». Изд-во «Алгоритм», М., 2013, 512 стр. (Origin of Slavs. DNA Genealogy Against the "Norman Theory")

Клёсов А. А. Занимательная ДНК-генеалогия. Изд-во «БукиВедия" М., 2013, 168 стр. (Entertaining DNA Genealogy).

Анатолиј A. Кљосов. Порекло Словена. Осврти на ДНК-генеалогију. Мирослав, Белград, 2013, 440 стр. (Origin of Slavs. Essays in DNA Genealogy), Belgrade, in Serbian.

Клёсов А. А. Арийские народы на просторах Евразии. Изд-во «Книжный мир" М., 2014, 350 стр. (The Aryan Peoples in the Wide-Open Eurasia [Thousands years ago]).


  1. ^ "Anatole Klyosov profile". ( copy). 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-19. 
  2. ^ "Russians catch the nu-food bug". New Scientist: 543. 26 May 1983. 
  3. ^ PRAVDA Newspaper, November 7, 1984, front page
  4. ^ "Internet-Pionier Kljosow: Genosse Online". SPIEGEL ONLINE. 22 October 2010. Retrieved 15 October 2014. 
  5. ^ (Russian) Двадцать лет спустя, или как начинался Интернет в Советском Союзе — expanded article originally from Ogonyok magazine №45, 2001.
  6. ^ (Russian) В моду входят телеконференции // Журнал «Наука в СССР», 1985.— № 6.— стp. 84—89
  7. ^ "Galectin Therapeutics Advisory Board". Retrieved 16 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "World Academy of Art and Science". 
  9. ^ "Georgian National Academy of Sciences, Members)". 

External links[edit]