Anatoli Levchenko

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Anatoli Semyonovich Levchenko
Nationality Soviet
Born 5 May 1941
Krasnokutsk, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Died 6 August 1988(1988-08-06) (aged 47)
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Other occupation
Test Pilot
Rank Captain, Soviet Air Force
Time in space
7d 21h 58m
Selection 1988 Cosmonaut Group
Missions Mir LII-1 (Soyuz TM-4 / Soyuz TM-3)
Awards Hero of the Soviet Union Order of Lenin

Anatoli Semyonovich Levchenko (Russian: Анатолий Семёнович Левченко; May 5, 1941 – August 6, 1988) was a Soviet cosmonaut.

Levchenko was planned to be the back-up commander of the first Buran space shuttle flight, and in March 1987 he began extensive training for a Soyuz spaceflight, intended to give him some experience in space.[1] In December 1987, he occupied the third seat aboard the spacecraft Soyuz TM-4 to the space station Mir, and returned to Earth about a week later on Soyuz TM-3. His mission is sometimes called Mir LII-1, after the Gromov Flight Research Institute shorthand.[2] In the year following his spaceflight, Levchenko died of a brain tumor, in the Nikolay Burdenko Neurosurgical Institute in Moscow.[3]

Selected as a cosmonaut on July 12, 1980.[4] He was married with one child.[4]


He was awarded the titles of Hero of the Soviet Union and Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR and the Order of Lenin.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hendrickx, Bart; Bert Vis (2007-10-04). Energiya-Buran : The Soviet Space Shuttle. Praxis. p. 526. ISBN 0-387-69848-5. 
  2. ^ "Mir LII-1". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 30 November 2010. Retrieved 15 November 2010. 
  3. ^ "Levchenko". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 20 October 2010. Retrieved 26 November 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "Cosmonaut Biography: Anatoli Levchenko". Archived from the original on 21 December 2010. Retrieved 26 November 2010.