Anatolius of Constantinople

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Saint Anatolius
Anatolios.jpg
Icon of Patriarch Anatolius of Constantinople
Bishop and Confessor; Patriarch of Constantinople
Born?
Alexandria, Egypt
Died3 July 458
Constantinople, Eastern Roman Empire (now Istanbul, Turkey)
Venerated inEastern Orthodox Church; Roman Catholic Church
Feast3 July
AttributesVested as a Bishop with omophorion, holding a Gospel Book
Anatolius of Constantinople
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
Installed449
Term ended458
Personal details
DenominationChalcedonian Christianity

Saint Anatolius (? – 3 July 458) was a Patriarch of Constantinople (451 – 3 July 458).

Life[edit]

Anatolius was born at Alexandria. He was ordained a deacon by St. Cyril of Alexandria, and was present at the Third Ecumenical Council at Ephesus in the year 431.[1]

He became Patriarch through the influence of Pope Dioscorus I of Alexandria with Emperor Theodosius II, after the deposition of Flavian by the Second Council of Ephesus, having previously been the apocrisiarius or representative of Dioscorus with the emperor at Constantinople.[2] After his consecration, being under suspicion of Eutychianism, Anatolius publicly condemned the teachings not only of Eutyches, but also those of Nestorius,[3] subscribing to the letters of Cyril against Nestorius and of Pope Leo I against Eutyches.

In conjunction with Pope Leo, according to Zonaras (Annals iii), he requested that the Emperor Marcian summon a general council against Dioscorus and the Eutychians, but the Imperial letter instructing Anatolius in the preparations for the Council of Chalcedon only mentions Pope Leo (Philippe Labbe, Conc. Max. Tom. iv.). In this council Anatolius presided in conjunction with the Roman legates (Labbe, Conc. Max. iv.; Evagr. H. E. ii. 4, 18; Niceph. H. E. xv. 18). By the famous 28th canon, passed at the conclusion of the council, Constantinople was made equal in dignity with Rome."second in eminence and power to the Bishop of Rome".[4] This displaced the traditional order of authority of the much older sees of Antioch and Alexandria. Hence arose the controversy between Anatolius and the Roman pontiff. However, the third canon of the earlier First Council of Constantinople of 381 stated that "The Bishop of Constantinople, however, shall have the prerogative of honour after the Bishop of Rome because Constantinople is New Rome."[5] The Eastern position could be characterized as being political in nature, as opposed to a doctrinal view.

Leo complained to Marcian (Ep. 54) and to Pulcheria (Ep. 55) that Anatolius had outstepped his jurisdiction by consecrating Maximinus II as Patriarch of Antioch, as well as protesting to Anatolius (Ep. 53).

Following the council of Chalcedon Anatolius received a letter signed by several Egyptian bishops, asking his assistance against Timothy, who was usurping the Patriarch of Alexandria (Labbe, Conc. Max. iv. iii. 23, p. 897), as a result Anatolius wrote to the emperor Leo against Timothy (Labbe, iii. 26, p. 905). The circular of the emperor requesting the advice of Anatolius on the turbulent state of Alexandria is given by Evagrius (H. E. ii. 9), and by Nicephorus (H. E. xv. 18). Edward Gibbon states that the crowning of Leo on his accession by Anatolius is the first instance of the kind on record (Theophanes, Chronicle p. 95). When he was in danger of death he was restored to health by Daniel the Stylite, who came to Constantinople to see him.[6]

The followers of Dioscorus are said to have killed him in 458.[6]

St Anatolius was credited with composing a few hymns.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "St Anatolius the Patriarch of Constantinople", Orthodox Church in America
  2. ^ Hainthaler, Theresia, “Anatolius of Constantinople”, Religion Past and Present, 2006ISBN 9789004146662
  3. ^ "Anatolius, Patriarch of Constantinople", Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America
  4. ^ Noble, Thomas; Strauss, Barry (2005). Western Civilization. Houghton Mifflin Company. p. 214. ISBN 0-618-43277-9.
  5. ^ "NPNF2-14. Canon III | Christian Classics Ethereal Library". Ccel.org. 2005-06-01. Retrieved 2011-10-27.
  6. ^ a b Campbell, Thomas. "St. Anatolius." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 17 Mar. 2015
  7. ^ Strong, James and McClintock, John. The Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper and Brothers; NY; 1880
Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWace, Henry; Piercy, William C. (eds.). "Anatolius, bp. of Constantiople" . Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature to the End of the Sixth Century (3rd ed.). London: John Murray.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Titles of Chalcedonian Christianity
Preceded by
Flavian
Patriarch of Constantinople
Archbishop until 451

449–458
Succeeded by
Gennadius I