Anatoly Kharlampiyev

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Anatoly Kharlampiyev
Anatoly Kharlampiev and Alfred Karashchuk. 1957..jpg
Training self-defense techniques, 1957, Moscow Power Engineering Institute
BornAnatoly Arkadyevich Kharlampiyev
(1906-10-29)29 October 1906
Smolensk, Russia
Died16 April 1979(1979-04-16) (aged 72)
Moscow, Soviet Union
Teacher(s)Vasili Oshchepkov
RankMerited Master of Sports of the USSR

Anatoly Arkadyevich Kharlampiyev (Russian: Анато́лий Арка́дьевич Харла́мпиев; 29 October 1906 – 16 April 1979) was a Russian researcher of various kinds of national wrestling and martial arts, Merited Master of Sports of the USSR and Honored Coach of Sports of the USSR. He was one of the founders of Sambo, a martial art developed in the Soviet Union.[1][2][3] Kharlampiyev worked as a physical education trainer at the Communist University of the Toilers of the East, and also was a dedicated student of boxing, having also studied fencing, acrobatics, and mountaineering. In 1938, Kharlampiyev presented Sambo to the USSR All-Union Sports Committee, which recognized the martial art as an official sport.[4]


Kharlampiyev's grandfather, Georgy Yakovlevich Kharlampiyev, was a gymnast and a fist-fighter. For many years, he collected, studied, and classified various techniques of hand-to-hand combat and self-defense.

Kharlampiyev's father, Arkady Georgievich Kharlampiyev (1888-1936), graduated with honors from the Academy of Arts and was sent to Paris at the state's expense to continue his studies. After a while, due to lack of funds to continue his studies, he began to fight in a professional European boxing ring. He soon became the champion of France, and then Europe (in the absolute category). After that he returning to Russia to began popularize boxing. He is considered one of the founders of the Russian boxing school.

From his early childhood, Kharlampiyev was trained by his grandfather and father. At the age of six, he acted in the room of aerial gymnasts under the dome of the circus.[awkward] At 16, he was already a versatile athlete and a well-trained wrestler and boxer.

Creating Sambo[edit]

Kharlampiev dedicated his life to the creation and development of a new application of the sport - Sambo. At the beginning of 1920, he began to collect and systematize national games containing methods of struggle, and in 1934 to describe and classify sports and fighting techniques. In 1936 he graduated from the Russian State University of Physical Education, Sport, Youth and Tourism (Department of Judo directed by Vasili Oshchepkov).[5]

Starting in 1935, Kharlampiev led training in Judo at the Moscow Palace of Sports "Wings of the Soviets". From 1945 to 1952, he worked as a senior manager of the Central "Dynamo" Council. From 1953 on, he was Associate Professor of the Department of Physical Education.[clarification needed]

His predecessors in the creation of a new national wrestling clothing (including the most effective means of other forms of struggle) were Viktor Spiridonov and Vasili Oshchepkov.[awkward]

Kharlampiev created the Sambo system including a sports subsystem (which is the foundation). Sambo is also commonly practiced by the Soviet, and later Russian, militaries (which was seen as the target application).[1][clarification needed] The sport subsystem eventually became known as Sambo Wrestling (or simply Sambo), and the combat form as Combat Sambo. Foundations Sambo Kharlampiev system paid special attention, did everything possible for the development of Sambo as a mass sport. He was convinced that only a well-mastered wrestling Sambo can be successful in combat sambo.

By creating a system of Sambo, Anatoly Kharlampiev carefully studied judo and mastered it in practice. In judo, he saw evidence of a new type of combat clothing, enriched with the most effective techniques of other forms of struggle. He mastered Judo under the direction of Vasili Oshchepkov during a long-term stay in Japan and practiced in Kodokan Judo school.

During the years of physical training instructor at the Communist University of the Toilers of the East (TAS) and the International Society of red stadium builders (OSMKS), Anatoly Kharlampiev continued to study different kinds of combat.

The Communist University of the Toilers of the East has gathered many professional revolutionaries from Asia (China, Mongolia, and others.). Some of them are good possessed techniques of martial arts, and Anatoly Kharlampiev did not miss any opportunity to learn in practice (in a fight or show) new techniques for themselves struggle. In his arsenal have been Fight and machinery British boxing, and fencing equipment. The development of new techniques was facilitated by the fact that he was a good climber and acrobat.

Comprehension of the essence of the struggle (both science and art) assisted learning techniques and tactics of fights outstanding fighters (Ivan Poddubny, Klimenty Buhl et al.).

For a number of years Kharlampiev annually traveled to the Central Asian and Caucasus republics for the study of national kinds of struggle. He studied and systematized techniques and training methods. He took part in the competitions. With a body weight of 72 kg, he sometimes beat heavyweights. The 1983 film Invincible was based on these journeys, and the character "Andrei Khromov" was based on Kharlampiev.

Official recognition of the Soviet Union a new kind of wrestling clothing[edit]

Largely through the efforts of Kharlampiev and his predecessors - Viktor Spiridonov and Vasili Oshchepkov - a new uniform was officially recognized as a sport of the USSR with important military significance in 1938.[6]

In 1938, the first collection of coaches struggled in the clothes. Senior coach of the participants of this gathering was appointed Anatoly Kharlampiev. Collect completed the All-Union Conference. The morning session (5 July 1938) heard a report by Anatoly Kharlampiev "Fundamentals of the Soviet fight freestyle", and in the evening - it is a report "On the taxonomy of the Soviet freestyle grappling".

The research results presented Anatoly Kharlampiev in its reports were discussed and approved. The prepared materials (containing the description of the terminology, techniques and technology of their preparation and conduct, rules of competition and methods of teaching it), it was recommended immediately and widely used as a basis for teaching aids.

These materials have become the core of methodological support of the formation of a new kind of grappling, and the documented historical basis of the order No. 633 ( "On the development of the struggle for a freestyle") All-Union Committee for Physical Education and Sport.

In November 16, 1938, the Physical Education and Sports Union Committee issued an order number 633 "On the development of the struggle for a freestyle." It began its intensive cultivation to make mass sport. From 28–29 November 1938, the first official competitions were held. They were held in Baku (in the "Dinamo" Sports Palace).

Anatoly Harlampiev then took second place in the middleweight (79 kg), and his student Evgeny Chumakov won the flyweight (56 kg).

In 1939, the first championship of the Soviet Union [3], on which Eugene Chumakov became the champion in the featherweight division.

The Great Patriotic War[edit]

The development of a new kind of wrestling was halted by World War II when Anatoly Kharlampiev volunteered and was sent to the front in the Red Army on July 7, 1941. Since September 1941 he was with the 18th Infantry Division of the Leningrad region of Moscow.

Candidate member of the CPSU (b) since February 1944.

Armed Forces Order of the 50th Army of the 2nd Belorussian Front number: 416 on: 18.06.1944, the senior methodologist cabinet physiotherapy GAR 183 Senior Lieutenant Administrative Service Kharlampiev was awarded the medal "For Service in Battle" for teaching skills to protect the wounded and the attack, close combat, ski equipment and drawing up of a number of systems for the treatment of a variety of functions.

After the war[edit]

After the war, Anatoly Kharlampiev stepped up his activities on the development and spreading of a new kind of wrestling. Since 1947, the holding of the USSR championships continued.

In 1947, the Second All-Union gathering of trainers was held on the initiative of Anatoly Kharlampiev. On it was decided a new type of combat clothing, cultivated in the Soviet Union, called Sambo (abbr. From the "self-defense without weapons"). At the same assembly, it was decided to create a Federation of Sambo.

Competitions of Sambo became a regular occurrence in the cities, regions and republics of the Soviet Union. It began publication of educational materials for Sambo. Sports and educational work with young people, young people and security forces in the sections Sambo, which was held by Anatoly Abramovich (head coach of the anti DSO "Wings of the Soviets" (Moscow); senior "Dynamo" CA coach (1945-1952)) and his companions, He boosted the number involved in the fight Sambo in the USSR.

In those years, Anatoly Kharlampiev may have been one of the most prolific coaches Sambo.

Not only because of his pupils became masters and champions of the USSR. Pupil A. Kharlampiev - talented coach Eugene Chumakov - by the 1960s produced in his "SKIFovskoy forge" greater Soviet champions than any trainer on Sambo those years.

In 1953, Kharlampiev became Associate Professor of Moscow Power Engineering Institute (MPEI). Since that time, the struggle of Sambo began to spread in universities in Moscow and other cities of the USSR. According to the memoirs Ilyin Vladimir Dmitrievich, MPEI graduate, doctor of technical sciences, professor; student Anatoly Kharlampiev from 1954 to 1961.

1958 USSR Championship in Minsk students Kharlampiev AA first became champions of the USSR Sambo Vadim Izbekov - at a weight of 56 kg, and Alfred Karashchuk - up to 77 kg. Yuri Z won the silver medal in the weight category up to 85 kg.


During his time at MPEI, Anatoly Kharlampiev prepared dozens of Masters of Sports in Sambo. Among them were the graduates of MPEI: three-time USSR champion middleweight champion Alfred Karashchuk, USSR champion in flyweight champion Vadim Izbekov, silver and bronze medalist of the USSR championship in the light heavyweight champion Yuri Z, bronze medalist Viktor Golyakov, and the very first in the MPEI Master of Sports in Sambo (in 1956) was Anatoly Pydrin.

Coach business Harlampiev continue his disciples. Among them was Valery Volostnych, Master of Sports in Sambo and Judo, honored coach of Russia, Professor of the Department of Physical Education and Sports Dept, who trained masters of international class, Champions in Combat Sambo.


Kharlampiyev died on April 16, 1979.


The first All-Union tournament in Combat Sambo in memory of Anatoly Kharlampiev held in Moscow's universal gym "Friendship" on 10–11 October 1980. Since 1982, these events have become international.


  1. ^ a b "Sambo wrestling turns 75". November 28, 2013.
  2. ^ "Martial Arts of the World: Regions and individual arts - Thomas A. Green, Joseph R. Svinth". p. 511. Retrieved 2014-02-06.
  3. ^ Andavolu, Krishna (2013-02-04). "Sambo's Gulag Past and MMA Future | FIGHTLAND". Retrieved 2014-02-06.
  4. ^ "MMA Origins: Russian Revolution". Bloody Elbow. Retrieved 2014-02-06.
  5. ^ "Black Belt". Active Interest Media, Inc. February 2, 1998. p. 99 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ Robert Hill (2010). World of Martial Arts !. ISBN 978-0-557-01663-1.