His mother died when he was nine and his father died in World War II. After spending several years in Soviet orphanages, Pristavkin had to start working from the age of 14, and had various jobs. He started a career as a writer in 1961 and later became a lecturer at a university. Pristavkin's novel "The Inseparable Twins" was successful in the Soviet Union, and describes the miserable conditions of orphans' life in an orphanage near Moscow during the years of World War II and the re-settlement to Chechnya in 1944, as Chechens had been deported. The book became part of school curriculum in the Perestroika-era USSR. Books by Pristavkin were translated to many languages.
Pristavkin took part in the Soviet opposition movement. In 1988, he joined the writers association Aprel, a pro-Perestroika organization of Russian writers. On 4 November 1989 he took part in the Alexanderplatz demonstration in East Berlin against the regime in East Germany. In 1991 he supported the Latvian independence movement, stood at barricades in Riga and appealed to Soviet soldiers via regional television, urging them not to shoot at civilians. In 1995 and 1996 he visited Chechnya and encountered assaults on civilian population. He later criticised Russia's Chechnya policies in the media.
In the 1990s, Pristavkin headed the Pardon Commission of the Russian Federation. In 1993, he signed the Letter of Forty-Two in support of Boris Yeltsin in his stand against the Russian parliament.
- Douglas Martin, « Anatoly I. Pristavkin, 76, Russian Writer, Is Dead », JULY 20, 2008 nytimes.com
- « Anatoli Pristavkin: Russian writer », July 30 2008, The Times
- Анастасия Суворова, « Последний роман Анатолия Приставкина », July 11 2018, Trud
- Neil Cornwell (2013). Reference Guide to Russian Literature. Routledge. p. 672. ISBN 9781134260775.
- Robert Porter, « Anatolii Pristavkin. Muted Soviet novelist who blossomed into a champion of liberalism », 14 Aug 2008, theguardian.com
- Писатели требуют от правительства решительных действий. Izvestia (in Russian). 5 October 1993. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
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