Anaukpetlun

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Anaukpetlun
အနောက်ဖက်လွန်
King of Burma
Reign 5 November 1605 – 9 July 1628
Predecessor Nyaungyan
Successor Minyedeippa
Born 21 January 1578
Tuesday, 14th waxing of Tabodwe 939 ME[1]
Died 9 July 1628(1628-07-09) (aged 50)
Thursday, 8th waxing of 1st Waso 990 ME[2]
West of Bago, Burma
Burial Pegu
Issue Minyedeippa
Full name
Birth name: Thakin Latt[3]
သခင်လတ်
House Toungoo
Father Nyaungyan
Mother Thiri Maha Dhamma Yaza Dipadi Dewi
Religion Theravada Buddhism

Anaukpetlun (Burmese: အနောက်ဖက်လွန် [ʔənaʊʔ pʰɛʔ lʊ̀ɴ]; 21 January 1578 – 9 July 1628) was the sixth king of Taungoo Burma and was largely responsible for restoring the kingdom after it collapsed at the end of 16th century. In his 22-year reign from 1606-1628, Anaukpetlun completed the reunification efforts begun by his father, King Nyaungyan. Having inherited a partial kingdom comprising mainly Upper Burma and the Shan States from his father, Anaukpetlun went on to reconquer Lan Na in the east, and in the south, Lower Burma from rival Burmese factions and the Portuguese, as well as the Upper Tenasserim from the Ayutthaya Kingdom. The kingdom was known as the Restored Toungoo Dynasty or Nyaungyan Dynasty.

Family[edit]

Officially styled as Maha Dhamma Yaza, Anaukpetlun was a grandson of Bayinnaung. Both of his parents were children of Bayinnaung, half-brother and half-sister.[4] In November 1605, Nyaungyan died after a military campaign to Hsenwi. Anaukpetlun then inherited the Kingdom of Ava that included all north of Bagan along the Irrawaddy River and the cis-Salween Shan States.

Anaukpetlun pursued his campaigns to unify the Burmese kingdom. In 1608, he took Prome (modern Pyay), installing his brother Thalun as the King of Prome.

In 1610 he took Taungoo from Natshinnaung and forced the king to swear loyalty. However, Filipe de Brito e Nicote, the Portuguese ruler of Syriam (modern Thanlyin) marched to Taungoo and captured Natshinnaung.[5]:189–190

Anaukpetlun then marched the Ava armies and fleets to capture Syriam and rescued the King of Toungoo but faced Rakhine opportunistic invasions. He was able to counter the Rakhine fleets and took the port of Syriam in 1613, though Nat Shin Naung had already died. Anaukpetlun took the European-Portuguese captives to Ava and Bago, where they were known as Bayingyi and served as gunners for the Burmese armies later.

In 1617, Anaukpetlun decided to make Bago the capital of his dominions and crowned himself as King of Bago that year.

In 1613–1614, Anaukpetlun attacked Dawei, Tenasserim and Chiang Mai but was repelled. In 1618 Siam and Burma reached an agreement in which Burma would control Mottama and Thailand would control Chiang Mai.[5]:197–199

In 1624, Anaukpetlun sent his brother Thalun to curb the rebellion of Chiang Saen and Nan.

Anaukpetlun was murdered in 1628 by his son Minyedeippa, who had a relationship with one of Anaukpetlun's concubines and feared the possible punishments. Minyedeippa held the throne for a short time before being purged by Thalun in 1629.[5]:217

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zata 1960: 79
  2. ^ Hmannan Vol. 3 2003: 187–188
  3. ^ Hmannan Vol. 3 2003: 143
  4. ^ Hmannan Vol. 3 2003: 42
  5. ^ a b c Rajanubhab, D., 2001, Our Wars With the Burmese, Bangkok: White Lotus Co. Ltd., ISBN 9747534584

Bibliography[edit]

Anaukpetlun
Born: 21 January 1578 Died: 9 July 1628
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Nyaungyan
King of Burma
5 November 1605 – 9 July 1628
Succeeded by
Minyedeippa
Royal titles
Preceded by
Minye Kyawswa II of Ava
Heir-apparent of Burma
25 February 1600 – 5 November 1605
Succeeded by
Thalun