Ancón District

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Ancón
District
Harbor
Harbor
Coat of arms of Ancón
Coat of arms
Location of Ancón in the Lima province
Location of Ancón in the Lima province
Country  Peru
Region Lima
Province Lima
Founded October 29, 1874
Capital Ancón
Subdivisions 2 populated centers
Government
 • Mayor Felipe Arakaki Shapiama
Area
 • Total 299.22 km2 (115.53 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2005 census)
 • Total 29,419
 • Density 98/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zone PET (UTC-5)
UBIGEO 150102
Website muniancon.gob.pe

Ancón is a district of northern Lima Province in Peru. It is a popular beach resort, visited every summer by thousands of people from Lima. Officially established as a district on October 29, 1874, the current mayor (alcalde) of Ancón is Felipe Arakaki Shapiama. The district's postal code is 2.

Geography[edit]

The district has a total land area of 299.22 km2 (116 sq mi). Its administrative center is located 3 meters above sea level.

Boundaries

Political division[edit]

The district is divided into 2 populated centers (Spanish: Centros Poblados):

  • Ancón
  • Piedras Gordas

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2005 census by the INEI, the district has 29,419 inhabitants, a population density of 98.3 persons/km² and 12,990 households. It is the second largest district and the 40th most populous district in Lima.

Beach resort[edit]

Ancón used to be a deluxe upscale beach resort during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Its sandy soil and dry atmosphere made it a welcome place for persons with pulmonary and bronchial affections. Besides the beach, in 1913, there was a tennis court, one or two hotels, and many cottages. The train trip from Desamparados station in downtown Lima took about an hour and a half through dry desert.

Today, the beach remains popular despite the fact that most of the upscale housing has moved to the beaches south of Lima, such as Santa María del Mar, Punta Hermosa, Punta Negra, Asia, among others.

Historical significance[edit]

Old-style house in the Ancón beach area
Hjalmar Stolpe in Ancón, Peru

Ancón is an important site in Peruvian history and archaeology. This was a fishing town and as a burying ground for pre-Inca Indigenous civilizations of Ancon-Supe, which flourished about 4,000 years ago as one of the oldest societies in Peruvian history.

In Ancon (archaeological site), the ridges of gravel and sandy soil were littered with skulls, bones, and remnants of tattered handwoven cloth. Beneath the surface, grave robbers found mummified bodies with all the accompanying grave goods in shallow graves.

In this region, the preservation of the bodies was due to the dry climate, and also reportedly, the saltpetre and other preservative elements contained in the soil.

In the late 1800s, archaeologist digging here found bodies, sometimes tattooed, adorned with beads, copper earrings and bird feathers, and swathed in richly colored blankets or cotton cloth, with jars of provisions beside them. Tablets fashioned of cloth, stretched upon frames of wood and painted with figures and characters, described the virtues of the deceased.

Pre-historic Ancón was a fishing village, so many handmade nets were found, along with baskets of woven fibre representing the industries of women.

The extension of the railroad in 1870 to Chancay made the Necropolis of Ancón easily accessible to the day visitor. The geologists Reiss and Stubel conducted their excavations at Ancón during the period 1874-1875 because they feared the extent of digging there would quickly deplete the site. In 1884 Stolpe conducted excavations at Ancon on behalf of the Museum of Ethnography in Stockholm.

Modern buildings and old houses dating back to the 19th century can be found in the district's beach area. Ancón has a yacht club that exists since 1950.

The Treaty of Ancón, that ended the War of the Pacific, was signed on October 20, 1883, ceding Tarapacá to Chile.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 11°44′S 77°09′W / 11.733°S 77.150°W / -11.733; -77.150