Ancestry charts of the current British Royal Family

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All people are necessarily descended from antiquity, but for most, records of their ancestry do not exist that far back. The British Royal Family is one of the few families for whom ancestry can be traced to many notable lineages of antiquity. They can be traced from Saxon, Scottish (Stuart dynasty), Welsh (Tudor dynasty), Irish, German (Hanover and Windsor), French (Norman and Angevin), Russian, Frank and perhaps even Byzantine lineages.

Saxon and Scottish descent[edit]

Descent from the Franks[edit]

Irish connection[edit]

Viking-Norman descent[edit]

George I of Great Britain had descended, through both of his parents, from Rollo, the Viking founder of the ducal lineage of Normandy. Prince Albert, consort of Queen Victoria, had a descent from King Henry II of England through his daughter Matilda.

Viking-Norman descent of the British royal family.png

Consort of English and British Queens Family Tree[edit]

Henry II of England
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John, King of England
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Henry III of England
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Edward I of England
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agnes of the Palatinate
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Joan of Acre
 
Edward II of England
 
 
 
 
 
Louis II, Duke of Bavaria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Margaret de Clare
 
Edward III of England
 
 
 
 
 
Agnes of Bavaria, Margravine of Brandenburg-Stendal
 
Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Margaret de Audley, 2nd Baroness Audley
 
John of Gaunt
 
 
 
 
 
Sophia of Brandenburg-Stendal
 
Matilda of Bavaria, Margravine of Meissen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Katherine de Stafford
 
Catherine of Lancaster
 
John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset
 
Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John Sutton IV
 
John II of Castile
 
John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset
 
Bernard I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
Frederick I, Elector of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John Sutton V
 
Isabella I of Castile
 
Lady Margaret Beaufort
 
Frederick II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
Frederick II, Elector of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley
 
Joanna of Castile
 
Henry VII of England
 
Otto V, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
Ernest, Elector of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sir John Dudley of Atherington
 
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
 
Margaret Tudor
 
Henry the Middle, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
Ernest, Elector of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Edmund Dudley
 
Philip II of Spain
married Mary I of England
 
James V of Scotland
 
Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland
 
 
 
 
 
Mary, Queen of Scots
 
William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
John William, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lord Guildford Dudley
married Lady Jane Grey
 
 
 
 
 
James VI and I
 
George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
Johann II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles I of England
 
Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange
 
Prince George of Denmark
married Anne, Queen of Great Britain
 
John Ernest IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William III of England
married Mary II of England
 
 
 
 
 
Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
married Queen Victoria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Alice of the United Kingdom
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Alice of Battenberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark
married Elizabeth II
 

Diana Spencer and Catherine Middleton[edit]

Byzantine connection[edit]

One established connection is given below, starting with Byzantine emperor Isaac II Angelos (for his descent, see Descent from antiquity#Caucasian route).

                           
 Isaac II Angelos, Byzantine Emperor (1156–1204)  Herina (d. c. 1185)
 
 Irene Angelina (c. 1181-1208)  Philip of Swabia, King of the Germans (1177–1208)
 
           
 Marie of Swabia (1201–1235)  Henry II, Duke of Brabant (1207–1248)    Elisabeth of Swabia (1203–1235)  Ferdinand III of Castile (1199–1252)
       
       
 Henry III, Duke of Brabant (c. 1230-1261)  Adelaide of Burgundy (c. 1233-1273)    Alfonso X of Castile (1221–1284)  Violant of Aragon (1236–1301)
       
       
 Marie of Brabant (1254–1321)  Philip III of France (1245–1285)    Sancho IV of Castile (1258–1295)  María de Molina (c. 1265-1321)
       
       
 Margaret of France (c. 1279-1318)  Edward I of England (1239–1307)    Ferdinand IV of Castile (1285–1312)  Constance of Portugal (1290–1313)
       
       
 Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent (1301–1330)  Margaret Wake, 3rd Baroness Wake of Liddell (c. 1297-1349)    Alfonso XI of Castile (1311–1350)  Maria of Portugal (1313–1357)
       
       
 Joan, 4th Countess of Kent (1328–1385)  Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent (c. 1314-1360)    Peter of Castile (1334–1369)  María de Padilla (1334–1361)
             
     
 Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent (1350–1397)  Alice FitzAlan (1350–1416)    Isabella of Castile (c. 1355-1392)  Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York (1341–1402)    Constance of Castile (1354–1394)  John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (1340–1399)
                     
       
 Margaret Holland (1385–1439)  John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset (1373–1410)    Alianore Holland (1373–1405)  Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March (1374–1398)      Catherine of Lancaster (1373–1418)  Henry III of Castile (1379–1406)
         
           
 John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset (1403–1444)  Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso (1405–1482)    Anne de Mortimer (1390–1411)  Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge (c. 1375-1415)    John II of Castile (1405–1454)  Isabella of Portugal (1428–1496)
             
             
 Margaret Beaufort (1441/43-1509)  Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond (1430–1456)    Richard Plantagenêt, 3rd Duke of York (1411–1460)  Cecily Neville (c. 1415-1495)    Isabella I of Castile (1451–1504)  Ferdinand II of Aragon (1452–1516)
             
             
       Edward IV (1442–1483)  Elizabeth Woodville (1437–1492)    Joanna of Castile (1479–1555)  Philip I of Castile (1478–1506)
             
     
 Henry VII (1457–1509)  Elizabeth of York (1466–1503)      Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (1503–1564)  Anne of Bohemia and Hungary (1503–1547)
   
   
 Margaret Tudor (1489–1541)  James IV of Scotland (1473–1513)      Joanna of Austria (1547–1578)  Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1541–1587)
   
   
 James V of Scotland (1512–1542)  Mary of Guise (1515–1560)      Marie de' Medici (1575–1642)  Henry IV of France (1553–1610)
   
   
 Mary, Queen of Scots (1542–1587)  Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, 1st Duke of Albany (1545–1567)      
   
   
 James I of England (1566–1625)  Anne of Denmark (1574–1619)      
             
     
 Elizabeth of Bohemia (1596–1662)  Frederick V, Elector Palatine (1596–1632)    Charles I of England (1600–1649)  Henrietta Maria of France (1609–1669)
   
   
       Charles II of England (1630–1685)  Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth (1649–1734)
   
   
       Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond (1672–1723)  Anne Brudenell (1671–1722)[1]
   
   
       Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond (1701–1750)  Sarah Cadogan (1705–1751)
   
   
       Lord George Lennox (1737–1805)  Louisa Kerr (1738–1830)[2]
   
   
 11 generations      Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond (1764–1819)  Charlotte Gordon (1768–1842)[3]
   
   
       Charles Gordon-Lennox, 5th Duke of Richmond (1791–1860)  Caroline Paget (1796–1874)[4]
   
   
       Cecilia Gordon-Lennox (1838–1910)[5]  Charles Bingham, 4th Earl of Lucan (1830–1914)
   
   
       Rosalind Bingham (1869–1958)  James Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn (1869–1953)
   
   
       Cynthia Hamilton (1897–1972)  Albert Spencer, 7th Earl Spencer (1892–1975)
   
   
       John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer (1924–1992)  Frances Ruth Roche (1936–2004)
       
   
 Charles, Prince of Wales (born 1948)  Diana Spencer (1961–1997)

Other possible connections are as under:

Eastern Connections[edit]

Connections are also traced by enthusiasts to Arabic—Moorish and even Biblical lineages.[6][7][citation needed] (For Biblical lineage, see List of legendary kings of Britain#Tea Tephi).

                           
 Thocomerius
 
 
 Basarab I, Voivode of Wallachia  Anna
 
 
 Nicholas Alexander  Maria Lackfi
 
           
 Elisaveta  Władysław II Opolczyk, Duke of Opole    Radu I  Kalinikia
       
       
 Katharina  Henry VIII the Sparrow, Duke of Żagań–Głogów    Mircea I the Elder  Maria Tolmay
       
       
 Jan I, Duke of Żagań  Scholastica of Saxony    Vlad II Dracul  Princess (Cneajna) Vasilissa
       
       
 Anna of Żagań  Albrecht VIII, Count of Lindau-Ruppin    Vlad III (Dracula)
 
 
 Anna of Lindau-Ruppin  George I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
 
 
 Ernest I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau  Margarete of Münsterberg-Oels
 
 
 John V, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst  Margaret of Brandenburg
 
 
 Joachim Ernest, Prince of Anhalt  Agnes of Barby-Mühlingen
 
 
 Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst  John George, Elector of Brandenburg
 
 
 Magdalene of Brandenburg  Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt  George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
           
 Ernest Augustus, Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg  Sophia of Hanover    George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg  Éléonore Desmier d'Olbreuse
       
         
 George I of Great Britain  Sophia Dorothea of Celle

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Anne Brudenell". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  2. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Louisa Kerr". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  3. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Charlotte Gordon". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  4. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Caroline Paget". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  5. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Cecilia Gordon-Lennox". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  6. ^ "Family Tree Maker's Genealogy Site: Genealogy Report: Descendants of Adam". Familytreemaker.genealogy.com. Retrieved 2012-08-08. 
  7. ^ Burke’s Peerage: Queen Elizabeth II Descended from the Prophet Muhammad
  8. ^ "British Royal Family Genealogy - Page 5". The Royal Forums. Retrieved 2012-08-08. 
  9. ^ "Armenia". Fmg.ac. Retrieved 2012-08-08. 
  10. ^ "RootsWeb: GEN-MEDIEVAL-L five descent-lines from Mohammed "The Prophet of Islam"". Archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com. 2004-04-08. Retrieved 2012-08-08. 
  11. ^ "Tihomir (Tugomir) Khan of the Blue Horde Toq-Timur (Tartars) (c.1250 - 1310) - Genealogy". Geni.com. 2011-08-12. Retrieved 2012-08-08. 
  12. ^ Paget, Gerald. "The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales". 
  13. ^ "Mircea III 'the Shepherd' , Voivoide of Valachia". Genealogics.org. Retrieved 2012-08-08. 
  14. ^ "RootsWeb: GEN-MEDIEVAL-L Claimed descent from Genghis Khan to modern European royals". Archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com. 1997-12-11. Retrieved 2012-08-08. 
  15. ^ NickMGombash (2010-06-25). "Queen Elizabeth II related to Vlad Dracula? | Nick Gombash's Genealogy Blog". Nickmgombash.blogspot.in. Retrieved 2012-08-08.