Anchal

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Anchal
A Bus Stand in Anchal
Panchayath Bus Stand in Anchal Market Junction
Anchal is located in Kerala
Anchal
Anchal
Location in Kerala, India
Anchal is located in India
Anchal
Anchal
Anchal (India)
Coordinates: 08°55′45″N 76°55′05″E / 8.92917°N 76.91806°E / 8.92917; 76.91806Coordinates: 08°55′45″N 76°55′05″E / 8.92917°N 76.91806°E / 8.92917; 76.91806
Country India
StateKerala
DistrictKollam
Government
 • BodyPanchayat
Area
 • Total24.45 km2 (9.44 sq mi)
Elevation
45 m (148 ft)
Population
 • Total33,088
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam Other Languages: English, Tamil, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
691306
Telephone code0475
Vehicle registrationKL-25, KL-24, KL-02
DistrictKollam
Civic agencyPanchayat
ClimateMonsoon (Köppen)
Literacy Rate95%

Anchal is a village[1] located in the centre of the Kollam district of Kerala, India,[2] between National Highway 744 and Main Central Road. Anchal is one of the fastest developing towns in Kerala and is located between Trivandrum City and Pathanamthitta.

Anchal consists of 4 Panchayats:[3] Anchal, Alayamon, Edamulakkal and Yeroor. The village is located close to Kadakkal, an agricultural village known for its spice production and for the site of the Kadakkal Devi Temple.[4]

The nearest city to Anchal is Punalur. Trivandrum, formerly known as Thiruvananthapuram, is 55 kilometres (34 mi) from Anchal. Other nearby cities include Kollam (Quilone), Shenkotta, Pathanamthitta, and Kottarakara.

Anchal Block Panchayat is the largest block panchayat in the Kollam district. Anchal Block Panchayat covers an area of 39% of Kollam Jilla Panchayath. Anchal Block Panchayat has 8 Grama Panchayats and 14 villages. The headquarters of Anchal Block Panchayat is at Anchal. The Panchayaths in Anchal Block are Anchal, Alayamon, Edamulakkal, Yeroor, Karavallur, Kulathupuzha, Thenmala and Aryankavu.

Etymology[edit]

There are a number of different legends about the origin of the name Anchal. One legend is that there used to be an "Anchalappis" at the site of the present range office junction, from which the name "Anchal" originates. Another legend is how five disputes evolved in the region, leading to the name of the land of five disputes, proverbs or puzzles.[5] A third legend is that the five Banyan trees or "Aal" in the region, are the origin the name Anchal, a portmanteau of Anch meaning five and Aal meaning Banyan tree.[5]

Religion[edit]

Kadakkal Temple

Religion is a large part of life in Anchal. The Edamullakal Ganesh Temple, formerly a kavu, is one of the oldest Ganapathy temples in the Kollam district. In 2009, the temple was rebuilt and given a new look. The main deity of the temple is Ganesh.[citation needed]

The Kalary Devi Temple is also located in Anchal, dedicated to Lord Kali Devi, and is one of the oldest temples in Kerala. The Kadakkal-Anchal Thirumudi Ezhunellathu ritual centers are located around this temple. Legend is that Kadakkal Devi is the sister of Kalary Devi, and every 12 years, Kadakkal Devi comes to Anchal to see Kalary Devi[citation needed] and leads to one of the largest celebrations in Kerala, attracting thousands of visitors when it last occurred in 2015.[6] The celebration runs from Kaddakal temple in Kadakkal to the Kalary Devi temple in Anchal.

Several[clarification needed] Muslim mosques and Christian churches surround the city.

Transport[edit]

Kollam Junction railway station

The nearest railway stations are the Punalur Railway Station and the Kollam Junction Railway Station, located respectively 14 km and 39 km away. Kollam Junction is the second largest railway station in Kerala by area and is also one of the oldest.[7] Punalur Railway Station is about 11 km from Anchal and currently connects to Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kottayam, Ernakulam, Thrissur, Palakkad, Nagarcoil, Kanyakumari, Tirunelveli and Madurai. The nearest International Airport is Trivandrum International Airport, located 55 km from Anchal in the city of Thiruvananthapuram.[citation needed] It is the main international airport in the state of Kerala and offers both national and international flights.[8] Anchal is located between the National Highway 744 and the Main Central Road and is accessible by car. Multiple bus services also run between Anchal and other villages in Kollam district.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 Census of India, Anchal had a population of 33,088 of which 15,732 are male and 17,356 are female. The literacy rate is 95%, with 96.7% of males literate and 93.49% of females literate.[1] The total employed population is 11,960. 71% of the population that are employed are male and 29% are female.[9][needs update]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Anchal Population - Kollam, Kerala". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  2. ^ Panchayat List. Kollam.nic.in. Retrieved on 2014-07-11.
  3. ^ needs citation
  4. ^ http://kadakkalamma.org/about/
  5. ^ a b അഞ്ചല്‍ ഗ്രാമപഞ്ചായത്ത് (Anchal Grama Panchayat) » ചരിത്രം. Lsgkerala.in
  6. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/thousands-take-part-in-temple-procession/article7034367.ece
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2015-02-25.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ http://www.trivandrumairport.com/aboutairport.php
  9. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/data/village/628400-anchal-kerala.html
  10. ^ Website High Court of Kerala