Anchieta's pipistrelle

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Anchieta's pipistrelle
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Vespertilionidae
Genus: Pipistrellus
Species: P. anchietae
Binomial name
Pipistrellus anchietae
Seabra, 1900
Distribution of Hypsugo anchietae.png
Synonyms[3][4]
  • Vesperugo anchieta Seabra, 1900 (original name)
  • Vesperugo anchietae Seabra, 1900 (emendation)
  • Pipistrellus anchietae Monard, 1935
  • Pipistrellus anchietai Ellerman et al., 1953 (unjustified emendation)
  • Hypsugo anchietae Kearney, et al., 2002[2]

Anchieta's pipistrelle (Pipistrellus anchietae)[4] is a species of vesper bat. It is found in Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Madagascar. The species inhabits dry savanna and moist savanna habitats.

Taxonomy and etymology[edit]

It was described as a new species in 1900 by Antero Frederico de Seabra. Seabra gave it the binomial of Vesperugo anchieta. The specific epithet anchieta was emended to anchietae, which is the current specific epithet. Seabra made an error in his original spelling and corrected it in a later publication in 1900.[5] The holotype had been collected in Cahata, Angola.[6] The eponym for the species name "anchietae" is José Alberto de Oliveira Anchieta, a Portuguese zoologist.

Description[edit]

It has a head and body length of 40 mm (1.6 in). Its ear is 11 mm (0.43 in) long; its tail is 32 mm (1.3 in) long; its forearm is 35 mm (1.4 in) long.[6]

Range and habitat[edit]

It is found in several countries in Africa, including Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.[7] It has also been documented in Madagascar, though observations are rare.[1] It is found in association with riparian habitats, as well as coastal and scrub forests. It has been documented in the Bushveld ecoregion, often near open water.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Monadjem, A.; Griffin, M.; Cotterill, F.; Jacobs, D.; Taylor, P.J. (2017). "Pipistrellus anchietae". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T44851A22072042. 
  2. ^ Kearney, Teresa C.; Volleth, Marianne; Contrafatto, Giancarlo; Taylor, Peter J. (2002). "Systematic Implications of Chromosome Gtg-Band and Bacula Morphology for Southern African Eptesicus and Pipistrellus and Several Other Species of Vespertilioninae (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae)". Acta Chiropterologica. 4 (1): 55–76. doi:10.3161/001.004.0107Freely accessible. 
  3. ^ Kock, Dieter (2001). "Rousettus aegyptiacus (E. Geoffroy St. Hilaire, 1810) and Pipistrellus anchietae (Seabra, 1900), justified emendations of original spellings". Acta Chiropterologica. 3 (2): 245–248. 
  4. ^ a b Kearney, Teresa (2013). "Pipistrellus anchietae Anchieta's Pipistrelle". In Happold, Meredith; Happold, David C. D. Hedgehogs, Shrews and Bats. Mammals of Africa. 4. London: Bloomsbury. pp. 610–611. 
  5. ^ Seabra, A. F. (1900). "Diagnoses de quelques nouvelles especes et variétés de Chiropteres d'Afrique". Jornal de Sciencias, Mathematicas, Physicas e Naturaes, Lisboa. 2. 6: 120–121. 
  6. ^ a b Seabra, A. D. (1900). "Sombre um caracter importante para a determinacao dos generos e especies dos microchiropteros e lista das especies d'este grupo existentes nas colleccoes do Museu Nacional". Jornal de Sciencias, mathemáticas, physicas, e naturaes. 2. 6: 26. 
  7. ^ a b Kingdon, J.; Happold, D.; Butynski, T.; Hoffmann, M.; Happold, M.; Kalina, J. (2013). Mammals of Africa (PDF). 4. A&C Black. pp. 610–611. ISBN 1408122545.