Ancient Egyptian deities in popular culture

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Ancient Egyptian deities that have appeared in popular culture include Set, Thoth, Khonsu, Ra and Horus.

Anat[edit]

Amunet[edit]

Anubis[edit]

  • In the 2004 English-language French film Immortal, Bastet and Anubis appear as the controllers of a pyramid that appears over New York City in the year 2095. They strip Horus of his immortality and give him a limited amount of time to procreate with a human. The film is based upon director Enki Bilal's own 1980s The Nikopol Trilogy graphic novel series.
  • In Stargate SG-1, Anubis is a Goa'uld, a parasitic alien who rules part of the galaxy using a human host and claiming to be a god. Unlike most of his race, Anubis has some limited claim to being an actual god, as he once "ascended" to a higher plane of existence and gained great power and knowledge as a result.
  • In Stephen King's Kingdom Hospital, a television series that ran on ABC from 3 March to 15 July 2004, Antubis, the companion of the ghost of Mary Jensen. Near the end of the season, he reveals his true name is Anubis, but accepts Mary's mispronunciation of the name without issue.
  • Anubis is the villain of the 2014 film The Pyramid, which depicts him as being trapped in an underground pyramid due to the horrors he committed in an attempt to reunite with his father.
  • In Overwatch, a map takes place in Giza Necropolis named Temple of Anubis, the map features a temple situated below the Giza plateau which houses a rogue AI system that took over its defenses in the past. It also features a bazaar, statues that represent Anubis and multiple weapon caches scattered around the map that links it to insurgent or terrorist activity in the area.
  • Anubis is a featured character and a romance option in the otome game Kamigami no Asobi, where he is portrayed as a crafty but shy, young, dark skinned man with the ears of a jackal and black "stains" (from the sins of those he's helped pass on) on his arms and legs.
  • Anubis, voiced and motion-captured by Goran D. Kleut, was featured in the 2016 film Gods of Egypt as a guide for recently-deceased souls entering the afterlife.
  • Anubis is a playable character in the MOBA called SMITE, which features mythological entities from different cultures fighting alongside or against one another. Anubis is classified as a mage, and is labeled as The God of the Dead. He was one of the first gods designed for the game, and has a very simple ability kit. As a mage, he has high damage, but he takes this further by trading his mobility for damage, giving him higher damage capabilities than almost any other god in the game. As a result, he is a polarizing character, with his strengths in high burst damage, but his flaws highly evident if he is ever rushed down.
  • Anubis also appeared as a playable character in two fighting games - War Gods by Midway Studios and Pray For Death by Lightshock Software.
  • Anubis has been featured in the Titan Books series Doctor Who: The Tenth Doctor, where he initially appears as an enemy of the Tenth Doctor, but later becomes his companion.
  • Anubis makes appearances in The Kane Chronicles trilogy. His human appearance resembles a teenage boy around 16-years-old. He acts as a love interest of the trilogy's female protagonist Sadie Kane. In the final book "The Serpent's Shadow", Anubis merges with Sadie's other love interest Walt Stone so he could remain on Earth whilst the other gods ascended into the heavens, to keep Walt alive and so Sadie wouldn't have to choose between them.
  • Anubis makes appearance in Yu-Gi-Oh! The Pyramid of Light he is the Main Antagonist and he tries to destroy the world by controlling Seto Kaiba's Mind and using the trap Card "Pyramid of light" And the monster Cards "Andros sphinx" and "Sphinx Teleia" but he was stopped by Yami Yugi in a duel.
  • In Beyblade Metal Fury Anubis is an Beyblade called "Mercury Anubis".
  • The Digimon Anubismon is based on Anubis. He plays the role of judging the dead one as either to be reborn as a digiegg or sent to the dark area.
  • The Pokemon Lucario is based on Anubis.
  • Anubis appears in several episodes of Gargoyles.
  • Anubis appears in an episode of The Secret Files of the Spy Dogs, where he is summoned as a counter to the cat-summoned Bastet only to become enamored of her.
  • In Stardust Crusaders, the third story arc of the manga JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, Anubis is represented as a stand bound to a sword that possess whoever wields it.
  • In Persona 5, Anubis is an enemy that can be fought in the fourth palace.
  • Anubis is the first boss of the "Trial of the Gods" limited time events in Assassin's Creed Origins.[8][9]

Apep / Apophis[edit]

  • Apophis is a gigantic, snake-like dæmon and bringer of chaos depicted in the 2016 film Gods of Egypt.  Every night, he is slain by RaSet releases him, intending to let chaos remake the world and claim dominion over the afterlife, but after Ra is rescued by Horus, Ra again slays Apophis.
  • Apophis appears as an unplayable monster in the MOBA called SMITE, which features mythological entities fighting alongside or against one another from a variety of cultures. He spawns in the middle circle of the Clash gamemode map dealing heavy initial damage to anyone standing in the circle. He then is passive until attacked, and after death, grants the team that slayed him a powerful buff. He made his release with the new Clash map, which was remodeled from a Greek theme to an Egyptian theme.
  • Apophis was a Goa'uld System Lord in the television series Stargate SG-1. He was described as a rival of Ra while the Supreme System Lord still lived. Apep is described as a separate System Lord and the founder of the Goa'uld civilization in the SG-1 RPG. Apep was killed by Anubis, his symbiote consumed so that Anubis could gain any secret knowledge he possessed.
  • Apep appears in the third season of The Librarians. He is mentioned multiple times within the season, but only appears in a physical form at the end of the season.
  • Apophis appears as the main antagonist in The Kane Chronicles by Rick Riordan.
  • In Yu-Gi-Oh! Apophis is an Continuous Trap Card called "Embodiment of Apophis".
  • Apep appears as a boss fight during a hallucination in the game Assassin’s Creed: Origins - during which the character, Bayek, must fight him while staying aboard Ra’s solar barge.
  • Apep is the Guardian of the Gates to the Land of the Living in the Netherworld and a boss in The Scorpion King: Rise of the Akkadian, voiced by Mark Hamill.[10]

Astarte / Ashtoreth[edit]

Atum[edit]

Bastet[edit]

  • Thomasina, the Cat Who Thought She Was God is a 1957 novel centered on a cat that awakens from anesthesia believing she is Bastet. The novel was adapted as the 1965 Disney film, The Three Lives of Thomasina.
  • In Neil Gaiman's novel American Gods, Bastet also lives in the "Little Egypt" area of Southern Illinois with Thoth and Anubis, usually taking the form of an otherwise ordinary brown housecat. She takes a liking to Shadow Moon and transforms into human shape to seduce him.
  • In Neil Gaiman's comic series The_Sandman_(Vertigo), Bast is a character that occurs throughout the series, offering the main protagonist Dream advice, companionship and alludes to mysteries she alone knows. She was once a major goddess, but the loss of her believers over time has significantly reduced her powers. She is often coquettish toward Dream, who sometimes goes to her for advice or companionship; but she has often claimed never to have been his lover. Bast has also appeared in issues of Wonder Woman and Hawkgirl, wherein she is one of the chief goddesses worshiped by the Amazons of Bana-Mighdall. She appears in Sandman Presents: Bast: Eternity Game (2003), where she attempts to regain her lost power.
  • In Stargate SG-1, Bastet is a Goa'uld, a parasitic alien who rules part of the galaxy using a human host and claiming to be a god. She is one of the "System Lords" who rule the galaxy, mentioned to have vanquished Sobek with the assistance of Kali, and to be a rival of Ba'al.
  • The Cluefinders 4th Grade Adventures: Puzzle of the Pyramid features a brief appearance by Bastet as one of a quartet of Egyptian gods who imbue the eponymous Cluefinders with magic powers so that they can challenge the recently revived Set. Bastet grants Leslie enchanted superhuman intelligence.
  • Bastet is a major character in The Kane Chronicles by Rick Riordan. She is the god whom the eponymous Kane siblings have the most contact with, acting as their friend, protector, and chaperone.
  • In the 2004 film Immortal, Bastet and Anubis appear as the controllers of a pyramid that appears over New York City in the year 2095. They strip Horus of his immortality and give him a limited amount of time to procreate with a human.
  • Bastet is a playable god in the MOBA called SMITE, which features mythological entities fighting alongside or against one another from a variety of cultures. She is classified as an assassin, and is labeled The Goddess of Cats. She is a fairly simple character to play, as she is one of the only gods in the game where all 4 of her moves consist of damage. Her biggest strength lies in her safety, as she has a jump that can be reverted (the only one of its kind), while her biggest flaw is in her lockdown: despite having 4 damage moves, none of them have stuns, making her also one of the only characters in the game with no crowd control.
  • Pokemon Weavile is based upon Bastet
  • The directory authority for the Tor anonymity network is named after the goddess.[11]
  • In Mummies Alive! Bastet provides the powers of the character Nefertiri and appears in one episode as an antagonist.
  • In an episode of The Secret Files of the Spy Dogs Bastet is summoned by a villainous group of cats in their bid for world domination, but is neutralized as a threat when the titular dogs summon Anubis; the two become enamored of each other and depart together.
  • In Stardust Crusaders, The third story arc of the manga JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, Bastet is represented by the stand of the antagonist Mariah.
  • While not seen directly as a character, in the film version of Marvel's Black Panther, Bast is called on during the ceremonies of connecting a person with the main healing/empowering 'heart-shaped herb'. In the comics of the same name, she has a more stronger presence, acting as psychopomp.[12]

Geb[edit]

Horus[edit]

  • In Stargate SG-1, Horus appears as Heru-ur. As in some obscure real-world myths, Heru-ur in the series is the son of Ra and Hathor. Like most of the "gods" who appeared in the series, Heru-ur is a Goa'uld, a parasitic alien who rules part of the galaxy using a human host and claiming to be a god.
  • The Cluefinders 4th Grade Adventures: Puzzle of the Pyramid features a brief appearance by Horus as the leader of a quartet of Egyptian gods who imbue the eponymous Cluefinders with magic powers so that they can challenge the recently revived Set. Horus grants Owen the power of flight.
  • In the 2004 film Immortal, Horus has been stripped of his immortality for reasons not explained in the film. Appearing in a floating pyramid above New York City in 2095, Horus is allowed by his jailers, Anubis and Bastet, to visit the city below and procreate with a human.
  • The 2016 film Gods of Egypt follows the story of Horus's battle to reclaim his throne from his power-hungry uncle, Set. Inspired by a mortal named Bek who steals back for him one of the eyes stolen from him by Set, the two set out on the journey to overthrow Set. Horus, the sky god, is initially bent on vengeance, but learns, toward the end of the film, that his real focus should be on protecting his people and to believe in himself. After he overthrows Set, he institutes a new policy: No longer were riches required in order to enter the afterlife; now, people were to be judged by whether their deeds in life were good. Horus was played by Nikolaj Coster-Waldau.
  • In The Kane Chronicles by Rick Riordan, Horus is a supporting character. He is the source of protagonist Carter Kane's powers, but Carter finds himself working against Horus's agenda more often than not.
  • In the Games Workshop tabletop franchise Warhammer 40,000, Horus Lupercal is the main antagonist of the Horus Heresy. The story is contains many elements of Egyptian mythology, including the Eye of Horus and the pivotal confrontation between Horus and the protagonist, The Emperor: similar to Horus's confrontation with Set.
  • In Stardust Crusaders, The third story arc of the manga JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, Horus is represented by the stand of the antagonist Pet Shop, an intelligent falcon.
  • Lo-fi_music artist Awake The Rapper has a tattoo of the left eye of horus on his left forearm.

Hathor[edit]

  • Hathor, played by Élodie Yung, is the goddess of love in the 2016 film Gods of Egypt. She is depicted as being in particular love with Horus, who rescued her before the start of the film, and it is thanks to her that Horus is not murdered by Set when Set takes control of Egypt. She sacrifices her own life to aid Bek, a mortal, in securing a place for his recently-deceased love, Zaya, in the afterlife.
  • In the TV series Stargate SG-1, Hathor is played by Suanne Braun, the mate of Ra and the mother of Heru'ur (Horus). She tried to take over the SGC, but ultimately her arrogance leads to her downfall and eventual death.
  • In the Capcom's Street Fighter video game series, Hathor uses another form name, Menat. With a slightly different hieroglyphic spelling, it referred to an ancient Egyptian artifact which was closely connected with the goddess Hathor. It was used as a protective amulet, meant to ensure good luck and fortune and to protect against evil spirits. She uses soul power and magic ball in her fighting style. Her occupation is fortune teller.

Isis[edit]

  • Portrayed as a blonde woman, Isis is one of ten pagan gods that met at the Elysian Fields Hotel to try to figure out a way to prevent the Christian Apocalypse in "Hammer of the Gods," the season 5, episode 19 episode of the U. S. television series Supernatural (22 April 2010).  She is slaughtered by Lucifer.
  • Played by Rachael Blake, Isis is the wife of Osiris in the 2016 film Gods of Egypt.
  • Isis is a playable god in the MOBA called SMITE, which features mythological entities fighting alongside or against one another from a variety of cultures. She is classified as a mage and is labeled as The Goddess of Magic. She is more team-oriented than her more damage-oriented mage brethren, and comes equipped with a versatile ability kit to deal with most situations. She is strongest in the thick of battle allowing her ultimate move, Circle of Protection, to mitigate damage dealt to herself and her teammates, and charge up a heal and heavy damage when the circle is detonated, and she is weakest when alone or if she uses her spells unwisely. As previously mentioned, she also lacks some of the extra punch that other mages have.
  • Isis makes appearances in The Kane Chronicles, where in the first book The Red Pyramid, she merges with the books' female protagonist Sadie Kane. In the later books, Sadie (after Isis has left her body) decides to follow the Path of Isis as a magician.

Khnum[edit]

Khonsu[edit]

  • The Marvel Comics character Moon Knight gained his powers after being resurrected by Khonsu (in the comics known as Khonshu).
  • In the second book of The Kane Chronicles by Rick Riordan, the protagonists gamble with Khonsu to win three extra hours.
  • In an episode of the TV series Stargate SG-1, Khonsu poses as one of the Goa'uld, a race of parasitic aliens who set themselves up as the gods of human mythology and have ruled the galaxy for thousands of years. At the time he appears, Khonsu is a minor lord sworn to Anubis. Khonsu is secretly part of the Tok'ra resistance that opposes the Goa'uld regime and their false theocracy.
  • In Worm by Wildbow, Khonsu is the name of an Endbringer who has special powers related to time.

Nephthys[edit]

  • Despite being the wife of Set in the 2016 film Gods of Egypt, Nephthys, played by Emma Booth, does not support his power-hungry ways. As such, Set assaults her and takes her wings.

Osiris[edit]

  • Played by Faran Tahir, Osiris is the principle villain in "Defending Your Life," the season 7, episode 4 episode of the U. S. television series Supernatural (14 October 2011). He is the Egyptian god of the dead, and he puts people who feel guilty on trial. Able to see into a person's heart, he sentences to death any who carries more than a feather's weight of guilt, commanding ghosts or spectres to carry out the sentence in a manner reflecting the defendant's guilt. In the episode, Osiris tries Dean and sentences him to death, but is stopped just before Dean is killed. He is stopped by Sam, who casts him into a centuries-long sleep by stabbing him with a shofar.
  • Osiris is played by Bryan Brown in the 2016 film Gods of Egypt. He is the King of Egypt and a just god. Just as he is about to crown his son, Horus, as his successor, his brother, Set murders him and takes the crown for himself.
  • Osiris is a playable god in the MOBA called SMITE, which features mythological entities fighting alongside or against one another from a variety of cultures. Osiris is classified as a warrior and is labeled The Broken God of the Afterlife. Osiris is seen as one of the most difficult characters to play effectively as his strategy is to slowly whittle away at the enemy with superior boxing, lane clear and strategic ability and basic attack usage while not having a designated "finisher"-style move. He is strongest in the thick of battle mitigating damage and annoying more damage-based characters, and as a warrior, does not have a true weakness. Warriors are a jack-of-all-trades class, and thus mostly do not excel at anything aside from being a meat-shield. If their team is weak, they are weak as well.
  • An alien guest character in The Sims Freeplay for mobile devices is named Osiris.
  • The exoplanet HD 209458 b is sometimes given the nickname Osiris.[13]
  • In Yu-Gi-Oh!, Osiris is an Egyptian God Card known as"Saint Dragon Osiris." In the English dub he is known as "Slifer The Sky Dragon".
  • In Stardust Crusaders, The third story arc of the manga JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, Osiris is represented by the stand of the antagonist Daniel J. D'Arby.

Ra[edit]

  • In Raiders of the Lost Ark, Indiana Jones must use the headpiece of the Staff of Ra to find the location of the Ark of the Covenant, which is hidden in Tanis.
  • Harvey Birdman, the titular character in the Hanna-Barbera animated series Birdman and the Galaxy Trio and, later, Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law, is a winged superhero who was said to have gained abilities of flight and solar projection from the Sun-God Ra.
  • In 2015, SolarCity began a new marketing campaign featuring Ra "at home" as a servant of the homeowner, inviting customers to "harness the power of the Sun and save."
  • Ra is the main villain of the 1994 film Stargate. In it, he is an alien that enslaves ancient Egyptians and brings them to a planet on the other side of the known universe using a device known as a Stargate. In the TV series that followed, Ra was retroactively established as the most powerful of the Goa'uld, a race of parasitic aliens that set themselves up as the gods of human mythology and used humanity as a host and slave race across the galaxy.
  • In channeled messages of the New Age community, Ra is presented as an extraterrestrial entity presenting a central message of "...only one important statement...All things, all of life, all of the creation is part of one original thought."[14][15]
  • In Episode 46, "Hercules and the Romans," of Hercules, Hercules's friend Icarus pretends to be a deity for the newly settled city of Rome. Ra, Bastet, and Khnum appear to become true gods of Rome, having been requested by the Romans themselves, and try to destroy Hercules and Icarus. Only Ra actually speaks in the episode.[16]
  • In The Kane Chronicles by Rick Riordan, Ra first appears in The Throne of Fire as a senile old man. In The Serpent's Shadow, he is reborn as a muscular old man with his mind intact and willingly abdicates his throne so that Horus can take over.
  • Ra is a playable god in the MOBA called SMITE, which features mythological entities fighting alongside or against one another from a variety of cultures. He is classified as a mage is labeled Sun God. He was one of the first gods designed for the game, and has a matching simple ability kit. He is strongest when not fighting, as he has a strong healing circle that can be placed after fights to prepare for the next one, and is weakest when his primary damage abilities, which are long, narrow lines, miss. He is one of the only gods in the game to have a team heal, and very few are as potent as his, although the wounded must actually stay inside the circle, making Ra's team somewhat immobile if healing is required.
  • In season four of the Syfy reality television series Face Off, the contestant Eric F. created a Ra mummy based on the Evil Dead franchise.
  • In Yu-Gi-Oh!, Ra is an Egyptian God Card called "The Winged Dragon Of Ra" or "Sun Dragon Ra."
  • The Dagger of Amon Ra, the second game in the Laura Bow series of graphic adventures, features a Ra cult as a plot element.
  • The House of Anubis special is titled Touchstone of Ra.
  • The MOBA League of Legends champion named Azir resembles Ra
  • In the video game Age of Mythology and its remake, Age of Empires: Mythologies, Ra is one of three major gods that can be worshiped by Egyptian players. This serves mostly as a gameplay element and Ra himself does not appear in-game.
  • Ra: The God of The Sun, is a marching band show composed by Rob Stein with Ra as the central theme.
  • In Savage Dragon, the character PowerHouse is a descendant of Ra.
  • In Overwatch, there is a Ra hero-skin for the character Zenyatta.
  • Ra, played by Geoffrey Rush, is depicted in the 2016 film Gods of Egypt as a creator god who drags the sun across the sky daily and slays the dæmon Apophis nightly. He is the father of Osiris and Set.

Sekhmet[edit]

  • Death metal band Nile referenced Sekhmet in the title track of their album "Ithyphallic", and in "The Eye Of Ra" on their album Those Whom the Gods Detest.
  • Death metal band Behemoth referenced Sekhmet in the song "Christgrinding Avenue" on their album The Apostasy.
  • Sekhmet is one of the evil female trinity of demigod vampires in author Kevin Given's "Last Rites: The Return of Sebastian Vasilis" which is the first novel in the "Karl Vincent: Vampire Hunter" series the other two being the Hebrew Lilith and the Hindu Kali. She is also seen in the same author's comic book "Karl Vincent: Vampire Hunter" issues 1-6 which adapts the novel. She will be played by actress Jasmine Yampierre in the film version from Crisp Film Works.
  • Sekhmet is used in The 39 Clues book Beyond the Grave and is the reason why the characters travel to Cairo.
  • Sekhmet is also featured in The Red Pyramid written by Rick Riordan as a minor antagonist.
  • Sekhmet is the subject of "Lionheart" a song about the goddess by the symphonic power metal band, Amberian Dawn from their The Clouds of Northland Thunder album.
  • Sekhmet is the focus of "Resurrection", an episode of Stargate SG-1. The plot centers around a young girl named Anna who was created by a German doctor, who is the son of a Nazi. Sam, Daniel and Teal'c find artifacts belonging to the Goa'uld Sekhmet in the doctor's compound and realize that Anna was cloned using genetic material from the original Sekhmet, who was the executioner of Ra, the villain from the original film. A (possibly different) Sekhmet is also featured in the Stargate SG-1 game Stargate SG-1 Unleashed.
  • In Tutenstein, an animated TV series about ancient Egypt, Sekhmet is featured in one of the episodes. She goes on a rampage in the museum and the building site to make people build a pyramid for Tut.
  • The space vessel "Sekhmet" is a level in the video game Jet Force Gemini, a third person shooter developed by Rare in 1999.
  • Sekhmet is also the name of an alien Aragami in the PlayStation Portable game, God Eater.
  • In the video game Skullgirls, Sekhmet is the name of the bloodthirsty cat-like skeleton parasite bonded to the Egypt themed character Eliza.
  • In the BBC TV series Sherlock episode "The Great Game", John Watson believes a cat named Sekhmet is responsible for the death of her owner.
  • Sekhmet is the main character in Author S.K. Whiteside's World of the Guardians book series. Set in modern-day New Orleans, Sekhmet goes by the name of Syn.
  • Sekhmet appears in the Big Finish Doctor Who audio drama, The Bride of Peladon. She is an Osiran.
  • Temple of Goddess Spirituality in Southern Nevada that is dedicated to the Goddess Sekhmet.
  • The subject of Margaret Atwood's poem titled "Sekhmet, the Lion-headed Goddess of War."
  • In the comic The Wicked + The Divine, Sekhmet (spelled Sakhmet) is one of twelve gods who reincarnate every 90 years only to die within two years. In the current incarnation, she is a popstar modelled on Rihanna.
  • In Elizabeth Peters' Amelia Peabody series of books, Sekhmet is the name of one of the Emersons' cats.
  • Sekhmet appears in the comic Beasts of Burden: The Unfamiliar after being summoned by a gathering of witches and familiars.
  • Sekhmet appears in the 1997 cartoon series Mummies Alive! in "The Curse of Sekhmet" (Episode 11). After Scarab fell sick, he summoned Sekhmet to cure him. Instead, she unleashes havoc with the Plagues of Egypt and places a curse on the city, causing Presley to turn into a frog. Unlike in her classic depiction as a lion-headed female, she appears a regular human and can turn into an anthropomorphic vulture instead.
  • Sekhmet is one of the creatures in the mobile game "Deck Heroes", where she is portrayed as a man with long hair.
  • Sekhmet is one of three old-world goddesses providing guidance to the titular heroine in the young-adult novella Fearless Inanna, by author and illustrator Jonathan Schork.[17]
  • Sekhmet is an ancient, evil vampire featured in the M/M paranormal romance book A Light in the Darkness: Things That Go Bump. She is the goddess of death and destruction infamous for her ability to create plague and cruelty.
  • Sekhmet appears in the real-time strategy game Age of Mythology as a minor god for the Egyptians, and can be worshipped to increase the power of players' siege units.
  • Miss Sekhmet is a werelioness in the Custard Protocol books by Gail Carriger.
  • In the videogame Assassin's Creed Origins, Bayek, the main character, can fight Sekhmet as a boss. [18][19][20] He also wears a Sekhmet costume during a festivel in Yamu.[21][22]
  • In Quest for Glory III: Wages of War, Sekhmet is the patron goddess of Tarna. This is mainly due to the fact that Tarna and its location in East Fricana is heavily inspired by ancient Egypt, as well as African tribal lore.

Set[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • American Gods: Set is mentioned to have retired in San Francisco in 1906, the time of the San Francisco earthquake, hinting he was responsible for it.
  • Conan mythos: Set is worshiped as a snake god by the people of Stygia in the Hyborean Age. Set never makes an appearance in the original Conan stories and is referred to as "Father Set" or "the Old Serpent". The Conan version of Set also inspired the Set of the Marvel Universe due to Marvel acquiring the rights to Conan in the early 1970s and incorporated Conan's Hyborian Age into the prehistoric days of Earth. However the Hydra-headed snake deity depiction of this god owes little to the Egyptian Set as this version is one of the Elder Gods of Earth within the Marvel Universe and is billions of years old.
  • The Egyptian Gods have made occasional appearances within comic books published by Marvel, including Set, though his name is spelled "Seth" to differentiate him from the Elder God of the same name. He's much closer to the Egyptian deity in that he's associated with darkness, chaos and death.
  • Soldier of Sidon novel by Gene Wolfe: Set plays a major role in the journey of a Roman soldier in ancient Egypt.
  • In The Kane Chronicles by Rick Riordan Set is the first and main antagonist of the first book while Horus and Isis aid the protagonists and other gods appear as both enemies and friends. In the next two books, Set helps the Kane siblings in reviving the old god Ra, and fighting the true enemy. It ends up turning out that Apophis is the true enemy of the series and the Kanes and their godly allies must battle him, culminating in a battle in which Apophis is forever destroyed.
  • In "Creatures of Light and Darkness" by Roger Zelazny, Set is captured by Anubis who erases his memory and sends him to kill Thoth.
  • In The World of the Guardians book series by S.K. Whiteside Set is portrayed as the primary villain of the series.
  • In the Dark Hunter book series by Sherrilyn Kenyon, Set is the father of Bathymaas.
  • In The Line Madder by Jenna Blackmore, the protagonist Seth is based off of Set, with the ability to transform into the sha, or Set animal.
  • In Stardust Crusaders, The third story arc of the manga JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, the antagonist Alessi had a stand that is named Sethan, which named after Set.
  • In Dennis Wheatley's novel The Devil Rides Out the Satanist Mocata seeks the Talisman Of Set to open a gateway to the underworld.

Animation[edit]

  • Hellsing: In the series finale of the 2001 anime series, a dæmon named Set was summoned from the underworld by Incognito, calls upon the power of the Serpent God Seth in his attempt to defeat Alucard and conquer Britain. Set appears as a giant glowing snake made of energy, ravaging London in all of a few minutes.
  • Tutenstein: Set is the main antagonist in this show.
  • Yu-Gi-Oh!: In this anime/manga, Seto Kaiba is regarded as the reincarnation of the ancient Egyptian priest Seth, who is representative of the deity Set. The same applies to Pharaoh Atem (Yami Yugi), representing the deity Horus, thus also highlighting the rivalry the two characters share, just as the gods Horus and Set did in Egyptian mythology.
  • Samurai Jack: In the episode "Jack in Egypt" Aku releases the minions of Set and orders them to kill Samurai Jack. They all appear to be stylized versions of the seth animal.
  • In Conan the Adventurer, Set is the Serpent god Wrath-amon serves.

Film and television[edit]

  • In the animated series Conan the Adventurer, Set is portrayed as an evil snake god who is the source of the wizard Wrath-Amon's powers.
  • The Curse of King Tut's Tomb: Set is portrayed as the supernatural antagonist in the mini-series.
  • Doctor Who (and Faction Paradox): The 1975 Doctor Who serial Pyramids of Mars reinterpreted the ancient Egyptian divine canon as a race of aliens called Osirians, creators of a civilisation of near-omnipotent technological and psychic power. The god Set was reinterpreted as Sutekh (also known as "The Destroyer"), the most vicious, destructive and pan-genocidal of the Osirians, who was imprisoned circa 5000 BC in Egypt. Sutekh was also the main antagonist in The True History of Faction Paradox, part of the Doctor Who spin-off series Faction Paradox. He featured in a series of six Faction Paradox audio plays (the first of which, Coming to Dust, was released in 2004) which further explored Osirian society and also featured other Osirian characters including Horus.
  • In the 2016 film Gods of Egypt, Set (Gerard Butler) is the main antagonist. He murders his brother Osiris just as Osiris was about to crown Horus the new King of Egypt, taking the crown for himself, enslaving the mortals, and killing any gods who challenge his claim to authority. Unsatisfied with the station his father Ra has in mind for him, he attempts to murder his own father, and releases the dæmon Apophis in order to let chaos remake the world and claim dominion over the afterlife. He is ultimately defeated by Horus and a mortal named Bek.
  • Seth appears in the Isis and Osiris two-parter in the Canadian series MythQuest, fulfilling his usual role as Osiris's killer.
  • Mummies Alive!: Set and Anubis are secondary villains throughout the series, often summoned with other deities to cause trouble in the show. Instead of a set animal, however, Set is made to look like an anthropomorphic bull dog.
  • seaQuest DSV: Set is used as a villain in a later episode of the science fiction series (Season 2: Something in the Air).
  • Stargate SG-1: Seth, or Setesh, is a member of a parasitic alien species known as the Goa'uld, who set themselves up as the gods of human mythology. In the series, Seth has been hiding from Ra on Earth for thousands of years, using advanced technology and drugs to set himself up as the object of worship for various cults throughout history.
  • In the Puppet Master series of horror films, Sutekh is the primary villain, revealed in Puppet Master 4, to be the elder god who created the magic that gives the Puppet Master's puppets life.
  • Tutenstein: Set is the villain of the series, repeatedly trying to steal Tut's Was scepter to rule the Underworld and Overworld.
  • Set, portrayed by Javier Botet, is a major antagonist in the 2017 film The Mummy, in which he gives Ahmanet The Dagger of Set to bring him into the real world through the body of a mortal.

Video games[edit]

  • Digital Devil Saga 2: Seth is the optional boss after Shiva and Vishnu and before Satan.
  • Elite: Badges of rank worn by pilots, up to and including the eponymous Elite ranking, are based on images of Ra.
  • Nightshade: Sutekh is the villain who takes control over every gang in Metro City, combining them into one.
  • Persona 2: Set is a persona of the Tower Arcana.
  • Persona 3 and Persona 4: Seth is a persona of the Moon Arcana.
  • Phantasy Star IV: Seth was the name used by Dark Force when he assumed human form. He joins the party when they arrive on the island east of Krup on Motavia, claiming to be an archaeologist. When the party reaches the temple, he turns back into dæmonic form and attacks the party.
  • PowerSlave: Set is a boss character depicted as a horrible dæmonic being.
  • Yu-Gi-Oh!: Several Egyptian deities are mentioned in several cards in the game, including Anubis, Ra, Horus, and Horakhty. However, they are not necessarily accurate in their depictions (Horakhty being depicted as a singular being, rather than the manifestation that was Ra-Horakhty).
  • Secret of Evermore:Son of Set is an enemy
  • Sphinx and the Cursed Mummy: Lord Set is the enemy and the main villain. His physical appearance is as a dark, elegant, tall, somewhat a sort of evil wizard; his eyes and teeth have resemblance to a snake. Patient, ruthless, sinister, sophisticated and very intelligent, he could mimic forms of others. Later it will reveal his real god form: a powerful humanoid giant snake.
  • Tomb Raider: The Last Revelation: Set possessed Werner Von Croy and he was also the final boss.
  • Vampire: the Masquerade: One of the 13 clans is known as the Followers of Set and claim to be descended from the god Set.
  • Pharaoh: Seth is one of the five gods that can be worshipped in-game.
  • Age of Mythology, Age of Empires: Mythologies: Set is one of three major gods that can be worshiped by Egyptian players. In the game's campaign, Set, through his mortal puppet Kemsyt, works with Poseidon and Loki to free the Titans. The player, in the role of the Atlantean hero Arkantos, must stop Set's followers and re-unify the pieces of Osiris.
  • "Endless Ocean: Blue World": Set, Isis, Osiris, and Nephthys are featured in the Cavern of the Gods.
  • The Cluefinders 4th Grade Adventures: Puzzle of the Pyramid: Set is the true villain of the game, released by Sir Alistar Loveless III. Loveless intended to be Set's master and use him to rule the world, but Set turned on Loveless and his goons. With enhanced powers granted to the Cluefinders by other Egyptian gods, they reseal Set back in his prison.
  • Smite: A third-person MOBA by Hi-Rez Studios. Set is mentioned by many gods in their voicelines, but has not been added to the game yet, although he has been one of the most heavily requested characters in the game since its exit from the alpha phase in June 2012.
  • League of Legends: A popular MOBA by Riot Games contains 3 champions that directly reference the Egyptian deities Anubis (Nasus), Sobek (Renekton) and Ra (Azir).

Music[edit]

  • Iced Earth: Set is referenced by this American heavy metal band on some of their concept albums. He is often referred to as Set Abominae in their Egyptian mythology-based concept albums and comic book.
  • Behemoth: Polish blackened death metal band Behemoth has a song entitled "Sculpting The Throne Ov Seth"
  • Septic Flesh: Greek metal band Septic Flesh have a song on their second album entitled "The Eyes of Set". Additionally, vocalist/bassist Spiros Antoniou is often referred to as "Seth".
  • 1349: Norwegian black metal band 1349 has an album entitled Demonoir which features an ambient song entitled "The Tunnel of Set" which is broken down into 7 small tracks. Additionally, other songs on the album such "The Devil of the Deserts" contain vague references to Set.

Sobek[edit]

Thoth[edit]

  • Aleister Crowley's book on the Tarot is entitled The Book of Thoth: A Short Essay on the Tarot of the Egyptians, Being The Equinox Volume III No. V (see The Book of Thoth (Crowley)).
  • Thoth is also heavily mentioned in the Matthew Reilly novels Seven Ancient Wonders and The Six Sacred Stones. An entire language was created based on Thoth's religious omnipotence. There are also many allusions to his importance in Egyptian history throughout the books.
  • Thoth and the cosmology presented in the Book of Thoth are major elements of the plots in the King's Man trilogy by the Canadian novelist Pauline Gedge.
  • The computer game NetHack, which features deities whose favor the player must win in order to succeed features Thoth as the god of neutral (balanced alignment) Wizards, in keeping with his role as God of Balance and Wisdom.
  • Philosopher Jacques Derrida uses Socrates' "Myth of Theuth" to argue for deconstruction and the instability of Truth since writing is pharmakon, both poison and cure—that which puts play into play.
  • The Coptic liturgical New Year begins with the month of Thout which is a carry over from the ancient Egyptian month dedicated to Thoth. The first day of Thoth corresponds, currently, to the eleventh of September in the Gregorian calendar or the twelfth if a leap year Coptic calendar.[26]
  • In Neil Gaiman's novel American Gods, Thoth lives as a human called Mr. Ibis on the mortal plane in the "Little Egypt" area of Southern Illinois. In accordance with his role as judge of the dead, he works as an undertaker alongside Anubis' human embodiment, Mr. Jacquel (Jackal).
  • The current logo of Cairo University, which is the oldest university in Egypt, embodies the image of Thoth sitting on his throne.
  • The Temple of Thoth is the name of a pagan cult in The Magician's Nephew, an episode of Midsomer Murders. Apart from the name, no references to the Egyptian god are made in the episode.
  • Thoth is one of the main characters in Roger Zelazny's novel Creatures of Light and Darkness.
  • Thoth is also a character in the Kane Chronicles by Rick Riordan. He helps the Kanes in the first book of the trilogy, The Red Pyramid. Thoth's modern-day guise is that of a manic research professor at the University of Memphis, assisted in his physical and metaphysical experiments by a number of baboon assistants.
  • In the game Zone of the Enders and Zone of the Enders: The 2nd Runner, the game's titular mecha Jehuty is based on Thoth himself.
  • The Cluefinders 4th Grade Adventures: Puzzle of the Pyramid, a 1990s video game for young learners, features Thoth as a non-player character. Thoth guides the eponymous Cluefinders across the "Chasm of Words", with the assistance of a pair of baboon statues.
  • In the Stargate SG-1 franchise, Thoth is a member of a parasitic alien species known as the Goa'uld, who set themselves up as the gods of human mythology. Various interpretations of the character appeared in spin-off media before the character appeared in the series itself as a minor Goa'uld, the chief scientist of Anubis
  • In the "otome" game series Kamigami no Asobi, which features various deities brought to an academy by Zeus to restore the divine's connection to humans. Thoth is recruited as a teacher in the academy and is also a romance option.
  • Thoth is one of the gods used by the Pharaoh in Miraculous Ladybug in the episode of the same name, though unlike other depictions, the animal used to represent him is a baboon, and while using his power, the Pharaoh gains time manipulation powers.
  • In the 2016 film Gods of Egypt, Thoth is played by Chadwick Boseman. Boseman's casting attracted media attention, as he was one of the few non-white actors to appear in the film, with some suggesting that Boseman as Thoth was essentially an example of the Magical Negro stock character.[27]
  • Thoth is a playable god in the MOBA called SMITE, which features mythological entities fighting alongside or against one another from a variety of cultures. He is classified as a mage, and is labeled the Arbiter of the Damned. He is strongest when located far away from his enemies, as one of his abilities, Glyph of Pain, adds extra range to his other damaging moves, giving him more space control and safety than almost any other mage. He is weakest when behind his opponents in gold and experience, as he will do fairly little damage compared to other mages in the same situation. He has been a polarizing character, with some finding him annoying with his constant threat of damage, and others finding him weak as he has very little crowd control.
  • In Stardust Crusaders, The third story arc of the manga JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, Thoth is represented by the stand of the antagonist Boingo, spelled Tohth.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroll, Justin (January 21, 2016). "Tom Cruise's 'The Mummy' Gets New Release Date". Variety. Retrieved January 22, 2016. 
  2. ^ Kit, Borys; Ford, Rebecca (December 8, 2015). "'Kingsman' Actress Sofia Boutella in Talks to Star in 'The Mummy' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 9, 2015. 
  3. ^ Castaño Ruiz, Clara (May 17, 2017). "Assassin's Creed Origins - Lo que sabemos del juego en Egipto". Hobby Consolas (in Spanish). Retrieved December 8, 2017. 
  4. ^ de Rochefort, Simone (October 25, 2017). "Assassin's Creed 2 may have given us a hint about Origins". Polygon. Retrieved December 8, 2017. 
  5. ^ Castillo, Joel (October 26, 2017). "Assassin's Creed 2 ya dio una gran pista sobre Origins". Alfabetajuega (in Spanish). Retrieved December 8, 2017. 
  6. ^ Oramas Monzón, Alejandro (June 9, 2017). "Assassin's Creed Origins - Detalles y fecha de lanzamiento". Hobby Consolas (in Spanish). Retrieved December 8, 2017. 
  7. ^ Williams, Mike (November 1, 2017). "How Assassin's Creed Origins Connects To Established Lore". USGamer. Retrieved December 8, 2017. 
  8. ^ Blain, Louise (22 November 2017). "Watch how to beat Sobek in Assassin's Creed Origins' Trials of the Gods". GamesRadar+. Retrieved 25 November 2017. 
  9. ^ Birba, Laurely (23 November 2017). "Assassin's Creed Origins: Apès Anubis, C'est au Tour de Sobek de S'Énerver en Vidéo". Jeux Actu (in French). Retrieved 25 November 2017. 
  10. ^ "The Scorpion King: Rise of the Akkadian Credits (PlayStation 2)". MobyGames. Retrieved January 1, 2018. 
  11. ^ tOmmy (November 2, 2017). "Introducing Bastet, Our New Directory Authority". Tor blog. Retrieved November 3, 2017. 
  12. ^ {{url=http://marvel.wikia.com/wiki/Bast_(Earth-616)]]}}
  13. ^ "Extrasolar Planet HD 209458 b (Osiris)". Exoplanets and Alien Solar Systems. 2011–2012. Retrieved January 1, 2018. 
  14. ^ James Allen McCarty; Carla L. Rueckert; Don Elkins. The Ra Material. ISBN 9780898652604 – via Goodreads. 
  15. ^ "Ra's Law of One: A religious Law of One". Chairman Immanuel Wiki. 
  16. ^ Disney's Hercules Season 1 Episode 46 Hercules and the Romans on YouTube
  17. ^ Schork, Jonathan (2016). Fearless Inanna (2nd ed.). SM-ARC, Inc. 
  18. ^ Laguna, Daniel (December 6, 2017). "Una nueva deidad te espera en Assassin's Creed: Origins". Level Up (in Spanish). Retrieved December 8, 2017. 
  19. ^ Blain, Louise (December 7, 2017). "Watch how to beat Sekhmet in Assassin's Creed Origins' Trials of the Gods". GamesRadar+. Retrieved December 8, 2017. 
  20. ^ "Face the fiery wrath of Sekhmet in the Trial of the Gods". Ubisoft. December 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2017. 
  21. ^ Dyce, Andrew (October 29, 2017). "Assassin's Creed Origins: How To Unlock Legendary Outfits". Screen Rant. Retrieved January 26, 2018. 
  22. ^ Captain Camper (November 2, 2018). "Best Outfits in Assassin's Creed Origins". Gamers Heroes. Retrieved January 26, 2018. 
  23. ^ Urko, Miguel (21 November 2017). "Enfréntate a Sobek en el nuevo desafío de Assassin's Creed: Origins". Área Jugones (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 November 2017. 
  24. ^ Gómez, Mario. "Assassin's Creed Origins: Encuentra y derrota al dios Sobek". 3djuegos (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 November 2017. 
  25. ^ Redacción (24 November 2017). "Pruebas de los Dioses: Sobek - Assassin's Creed Origins". Vandal (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 November 2017. 
  26. ^ "The Oxford History of Christian Worship", Geoffrey Wainwright, Karen Beth Westerfield Tucker, p.139, Oxford University Press US, 2006ISBN 0195138864
  27. ^ Lee, Benjamin (November 13, 2015). "Gods of Egypt posters spark anger with 'whitewashed' cast". The Guardian. Retrieved November 13, 2015.