Ancient House, Ipswich
The Ancient House, also known as Sparrowes House, is a Grade I listed building dating from the 15th century located in the Buttermarket area of Ipswich, Suffolk, England. In 1980 the building was acquired by Ipswich Borough Council.
The building sports detailed pargeting, and also elaborate wood carvings around the front of the house. Four panels of pargeting show a Tudor impression of the world. The continents Africa, America, Asia and Europe are shown - notably lacking Australia which was not discovered at the time.
Africa is represented by a naked man holding a spear, Asia by a horse and a mosque-like building, Europe by a woman with a horse and a church-like building, and America by a man with a dog at his feet.
The front of the building as it can be seen today (in a restored state), was not an original feature of the building - it was later added by Robert Sparrowe between 1660 and 1670. It bears the Royal Arms of King Charles II, and the words "honi soit qvi mal y pense". This is old French for "shame upon him who thinks evil of it", and is also the motto of the Order of the Garter.
Images showing the four discovered continents represented in pargeting.
The earliest reference to the house can be found in the 14th century, when it was owned by the knight, Sir Richard of Martlesham. In the 16th century the house was owned by a string of local merchants, including George Copping, a draper and fishmonger, who acquired the property in 1567. It was Copping that commissioned the paneling of the ground floor room at the front of the house. He also built the 'long gallery'.
The Sparrowe family became the owners of the house in 1603, and continued ownership for the next 300 years.
There was a tradition in the Sparrow family that a hidden room in the house, fitted up as a secret place of worship for Catholics in the time of the Civil Wars, served Charles II as a hiding place while he was in flight after being defeated at the Battle of Worcester. While the tradition is unlikely to be true, since Ipswich is over 100 miles away from any location Charles is known to have visited, the hidden oratory brings life to the history of repression of Catholics in that time.
The condition of the house by 1979 was so bad that it was in danger of collapsing. The foundations had sunk, among other structural problems. In addition to this, woodworm and dry and wet rot had set in, and the deathwatch beetle was rife.
Renovation began in 1984, and no part of the building was untouched. Foundations were underpinned, the rot & infestations were eradicated, floors were strengthened, plasterwork was restored, windows were releaded and features were exposed. The renovation was not without its problems: the foundations had sunk, but the heavy fireplaces had sunk at a different rate.
- The history and description of the town and borough of Ipswich, By G R. Clarke (1830) p. 211-213. URL: https://books.google.com/books?id=Wv4HAAAAQAAJ retrieved February 24, 2015.
- http://www.monarchsway.50megs.com/about.html retrieved February 24, 2015
- http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05445a.htm retrieved February 24, 2015
- Material in the museum section of the building
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1037756)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 August 2006.
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