Andøy

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Andøy kommune
View of the village of Andenes in Andøy
View of the village of Andenes in Andøy
Coat of arms of Andøy kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Andøy kommune
Nordland within
Norway
Andøy within Nordland
Andøy within Nordland
Coordinates: 69°05′40″N 15°45′52″E / 69.09444°N 15.76444°E / 69.09444; 15.76444Coordinates: 69°05′40″N 15°45′52″E / 69.09444°N 15.76444°E / 69.09444; 15.76444
CountryNorway
CountyNordland
DistrictVesterålen
Established1964
Administrative centreAndenes
Government
 • Mayor (1999)Jonni Helge Solsvik (H)
Area
 • Total656.12 km2 (253.33 sq mi)
 • Land616.71 km2 (238.11 sq mi)
 • Water39.41 km2 (15.22 sq mi)
Area rank#171 in Norway
Population
(2017)
 • Total4,908
 • Rank#206 in Norway
 • Density8.0/km2 (21/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
-4.7%
Demonym(s)Andværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1871
Official language formNeutral
Websiteandoy.net

Andøy is the northernmost municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the Vesterålen archipelago. The main island in the municipality is Andøya. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Andenes. Other villages in the municipality include Bjørnskinn, Bleik, Dverberg, Fiskenes, Fornes, Nordmela, Risøyhamn, Skarstein, Å, Åknes, and Åse.

The 656-square-kilometre (253 sq mi) municipality is the 171st largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Andøy is the 206th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 4,908. The municipality's population density is 8 inhabitants per square kilometre (21/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 4.7% over the last decade.[2]

General information[edit]

Andenes and Bleik are located on the northern part of Andøya

The municipality of Andøy was established as a new municipality on 1 January 1964 after the merger of the old municipalities of Andenes, Bjørnskinn, and Dverberg. Initially, Andøy had 7,366 residents. The municipal boundaries have not changed since that time.[3]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Andarøy (from Amdarøy). The first element is the genitive case of the old uncompounded name of the island: Ǫmd. The last element is øy which means "island". The meaning of the uncompounded name is unknown.[4]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 7 January 1983. The arms show a silver wave on a blue background. It was chosen as a symbol for the fact that the municipality is situated at the sea and that fishing is important economically to the municipality.[5]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Andøy. It is part of the Vesterålen prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Andøy
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Andenes Andenes Church Andenes 1876
Bjørnskinn Bjørnskinn Church Bjørnskinn 1885
Dverberg Dverberg Church Dverberg 1843
Fornes Chapel Fornes 1965

Geography[edit]

Part of Andøya seen towards the east
Forfjord valley on Hinnøya, partly in Andøy municipality.

The municipality of Andøy is spread across the island of Andøya (the northernmost island in the Vesterålen archipelago) and the northeastern part of the island of Hinnøya (the largest and most populous island in Norway). The municipality also consists of smaller skerries including Bleiksøya, Vomma, and Stavaøyan. Andøy is located between the Gavlfjorden and the Andfjorden, and the Risøysundet strait separates the two main islands in Andøy. The Andøy Bridge connects the two islands.

The midsection of the island consists of bogs and marshes, known for their Arctic cloudberries. There are numerous lakes on the island including Bleiksvatnet and Skogvollvatnet. The island is also the only place in continental Norway where coal and fossils from dinosaurs are found. Forfjorddalen nature reserve on Hinnøya has some of the oldest pine trees in Scandinavia, some more than 700 years old.[6]

Birdlife[edit]

Lying furthest north in the area known as Vesterålen, Andøy is a mixture of vast areas of marshland fens, with a backdrop of high peaked mountains such as Kvasstinden. The coast is famous for its sheltered bays with white sandy shores. The area has a rich bird life and this is reflected in some good birding localities like Forfjorddalen Nature Reserve and Skogvoll, the latter a Ramsar site of international importance.

The bird cliff at Bleiksøya, outside of Bleik, is a spectacular and photogenic landmark outside the northern part of Andøya, with many species of seabirds including puffin.[7]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Andøya 1961-1990
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
0.1
(32.2)
0.8
(33.4)
3.3
(37.9)
7.5
(45.5)
11.1
(52)
13.5
(56.3)
13.3
(55.9)
10.0
(50)
6.2
(43.2)
2.8
(37)
1.1
(34)
5.8
(42.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.1
(28.2)
−2.2
(28)
−1.4
(29.5)
1.1
(34)
5.2
(41.4)
8.5
(47.3)
11.0
(51.8)
11.0
(51.8)
7.8
(46)
4.2
(39.6)
0.9
(33.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.6
(38.5)
Average low °C (°F) −5.1
(22.8)
−5.2
(22.6)
−4.4
(24.1)
−1.8
(28.8)
2.5
(36.5)
6.2
(43.2)
8.7
(47.7)
8.3
(46.9)
5.2
(41.4)
1.7
(35.1)
−1.7
(28.9)
−4.0
(24.8)
0.9
(33.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 98
(3.86)
86
(3.39)
79
(3.11)
68
(2.68)
53
(2.09)
61
(2.4)
67
(2.64)
77
(3.03)
108
(4.25)
144
(5.67)
109
(4.29)
110
(4.33)
1,060
(41.73)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 15.3 13.1 13.5 13.1 10.6 11.8 12.1 12.8 16.6 19.2 17.0 17.4 172.5
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[8]

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Andøy, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Andøy is made up of 23 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[9]

Andøy Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet5
 Progress PartyFremskrittspartiet2
 Conservative PartyHøyre9
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti1
 Green PartyMiljøpartiet De Grønne1
 Centre PartySenterpartiet2
 Liberal PartyVenstre1
 Local ListsLokale lister2
Total number of members:23

Transportation[edit]

The Hurtigruten boat stops at Risøyhamn. Andøya Airport at Andenes is served by Widerøe airlines. During the summer, Andenes is connected to Gryllefjord on the island of Senja by ferry. By car, you reach Andøy on Norwegian County Road 82, northbound from Sortland.

Military[edit]

Andøya Air Station is located next to Andenes. It is the home of the 333rd Squadron of the Royal Norwegian Air Force and houses all P-3 Orion maritime patrol aircraft in the Norwegian Armed Forces. Andøya Rocket Range is a civilian facility for launching sounding rockets, located a few kilometres south of Andenes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-09-09.
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  4. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Andøy" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2012-08-05.
  5. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-11-18.
  6. ^ "Forfjorddalen naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2012-02-07. Retrieved 2008-11-18.
  7. ^ "Bleiksøya naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2009-02-10. Retrieved 2008-11-18.
  8. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.
  9. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015.

External links[edit]