And I Love Her
|"And I Love Her"|
|Single by the Beatles|
|from the album A Hard Day's Night|
|B-side||"If I Fell"|
|Released||20 July 1964 (US)|
|Recorded||25–27 February 1964
EMI studios, London
|The Beatles US singles chronology|
"And I Love Her" is a song recorded by English rock band the Beatles, written primarily by Paul McCartney (credited to Lennon–McCartney). It is the fifth track of their third album, A Hard Day's Night, and was released 20 July 1964 along with "If I Fell" as a single release by Capitol Records in the United States, reaching No. 12 on the Billboard Hot 100.
A majority of the composition modulates back and forth between the key of E and its relative minor C#m. It also changes keys altogether just before the solo, to Gm. It ends on the parallel major of the key of F's relative minor, D. This technique is known as Picardy third resolution.
The song was written mainly by McCartney, though John Lennon claimed in an interview with Playboy that his major contribution was the middle eight section ("A love like ours/Could never die/As long as I/Have you near me").
Beatles publisher Dick James lends support to this claim, saying that the middle eight was added during recording at the suggestion of producer George Martin (an early take of the song was released on Anthology 1 in 1995, and the middle eight had not yet been added). According to James, Lennon called for a break and "within half an hour [Lennon and McCartney] wrote...a very constructive middle to a very commercial song." McCartney, on the other hand, maintains that "the middle eight is mine.... I wrote this on my own. I would say that John probably helped with the middle eight, but he can't say 'It's mine'."
"The 'And' in the title was an important thing – 'And I Love Her,' it came right out of left field, you were right up to speed the minute you heard it," McCartney said. "The title comes in the second verse and it doesn't repeat. You would often go to town on the title, but this was almost an aside: 'Oh . . . and I love you.'" 
McCartney credits George Harrison with composing the signature guitar riff, saying it "made a stunning difference to the song".
Recorded by the Beatles over three days, in Abbey Road Studio Two, the sessions were produced by George Martin and engineered by Norman Smith. The second engineer was Richard Langham.
Work began at 2:30pm on Tuesday 25 February 1964 for the first day of the sessions for the Hard Day's Night soundtrack and the accompanying album. Two takes were recorded. Take 1 was incomplete, but Take 2 was complete. However, the Beatles decided a lighter touch was required. Take 2 was eventually released on Anthology 1 in 1995. This version was missing the middle-eight.
Instrumentation on this session was
- Paul McCartney – lead vocal, 1963 Höfner 500/1 bass guitar through Vox AC-100 bass amp.
- John Lennon – 1964 Rickenbacker 325 electric guitar through Vox AC-50 guitar amp
- George Harrison – 1964 Rickenbacker 360-12 12 string electric guitar through Vox AC-50 guitar amp
- Ringo Starr – Ludwig drum kit
The following day, Wednesday 26 February, a further 17 takes (Takes 3–19) were made in a session lasting from 7:00–10:00pm. Although Starr swapped his drums for bongos and claves halfway through the session, they were still not happy. It was during this session that they stopped for a tea break and to write the middle eight. A brief fragment of Take 11 can be heard in the closing credits of Episode 8 of Anthology, where Paul sings "And if you saw my love, I'd love her [too]..." before the take breaks down.
Instrumentation on both this session and Day 3 was
- Paul McCartney – lead vocal, 1963 Höfner 500/1 bass guitar through Vox AC-100 bass amp
- John Lennon – Harrison's 1962 Gibson J-160E acoustic-electric guitar through Vox AC-50 guitar amp
- George Harrison – 1964 José Ramírez Guitarra de Estudio classical guitar
- Ringo Starr – Ludwig drum kit, switching to bongos and claves
An additional two takes (Takes 20–21) were recorded on the morning of Thursday 27 February, beginning at 10:00am. Take 20 saw the basic track laid down, while Take 21 was an overdub of McCartney's double-tracked lead vocal and Starr's claves.
Mixing and release
All mixes were prepared from Take 21.
Mono Remix 1
This initial mono mix was made in the Abbey Road Studio One control room on Tuesday 3 March. As for the recording session, Martin and Smith were producer and engineer. The second engineer was A.B. Lincoln.
The mix features McCartney's single-tracked vocal, with only selected phrases (for example, the title) highlighted by double tracking.
This mix was sent to Capitol and United Artists on Tuesday 9 June, and released on the US mono version of the Hard Day's Night soundtrack album on Friday 26 June 1964. The stereo version of the album used a fake stereo version of this mono mix.
This mix was also used on the film print of A Hard Day's Night except the speed was slower in a low pitch.
It can currently be found as part of the Capitol Albums Volume 1 box set.
Mono Remix 2
In this mix, McCartney's vocal is double-tracked throughout, except for the first two lines of the third verse.
It can currently be found on The Beatles in Mono box set.
A stereo mix of "And I Love Her" was made on Monday 22 June immediately after Mono Remix 2. As with Mono Remix 2, McCartney's vocal is double-tracked throughout, except for the first two lines of the third verse.
This mix was released on the UK stereo version of A Hard Day's Night on Friday 10 July 1964.
This mix was also used on the stereo version of the Capitol album Something New, released on Monday 20 July 1964.
It can currently be found on the A Hard Day's Night CD, and as part of the Capitol Albums Volume 1 box set.
Extended Stereo Mix
The German version of Something New contained an edited version of the 22 June stereo mix, repeating the closing guitar riff five times instead of three. This version also appeared on the American Rarities album in 1980. It is not known when this edit was made. It has not yet been released on CD.
- Paul McCartney – vocals, bass guitar
- John Lennon – acoustic rhythm guitar
- George Harrison – classical lead guitar
- Ringo Starr – bongos, claves
- George Martin – producer
Covers and other versions
As with many Beatles songs, this has been covered by many artists of varying style from R&B, crooner, pop and even grunge. Notably, Esther Phillips reversed the gender of the song in 1965; her "And I Love Him" reached No. 54 that year on the Billboard charts. Diana Krall also recorded "And I Love Him". That adaptation appears on Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas, released in 1998.
An instrumental cover by Santo & Johnny reached #1 in Mexico in 1965. Jazz pianist Brad Mehldau included an extended instrumental trio version on his 2016 album Blues and Ballads, which an AllMusic review describes as "transfiguring the minor/major-key centers into something sweeping and operatic."
McCartney has played the song live on various tours. There have been two official releases of live versions, one by McCartney solo on 1991's Unplugged (The Official Bootleg) and another by the Beatles on On Air – Live at the BBC Volume 2.
An outtake from the original studio sessions, Take 2 recorded Feb. 25, 1964, was released on the 1995 issue of Anthology 1.
|Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)||10|
|US Billboard Hot 100||12|
|US Cash Box Top 100||14|
Kurt Cobain cover
|"And I Love Her"|
|Single by Kurt Cobain|
|from the album Montage of Heck: The Home Recordings|
|Label||Universal Music Group|
|Kurt Cobain singles chronology|
In 2015, a solo version by Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain was discovered, and subsequently used in his biopic, Kurt Cobain: Montage of Heck. It was also released on the soundtrack album Montage of Heck: The Home Recordings as well as a 7-inch vinyl single.
Cobain's chart positions
|U.S. Hot Singles Sales (Billboard)||2|
|UK Physical Singles Sales (Official Charts Company)||2|
|UK Vinyl Singles Chart (Official Charts Company)||1|
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- Lewisohn 1988, p. 46.
- And I Love Her – Beatlesbooks.com
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- Hoffmann, Frank (1983). The Cash Box Singles Charts, 1950-1981. Metuchen, NJ & London: The Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 32–34.
- Kurt Cobain’s lost cover of The Beatles’ "And I Love Her" to be released consequenceofsound.net. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
- Kurt Cobain Seven-Inch Featuring Beatles Cover Will Come Out This November spin.com. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
- Billboardbiz - Hot Singles Sales - 12 December 2015 billboard.com. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
- Official Physical Singles Chart Top 100 - 11 December 2015 – 17 December 2015 officialcharts.com. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
- Official Vinyl Singles Chart Top 40 - 11 December 2015 – 17 December 2015 officialcharts.com. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
- "And I Love Her". The Beatles Bible. 2008. Archived from the original on 26 October 2008. Retrieved 19 October 2008.
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