And the Band Played Waltzing Matilda
"And the Band Played Waltzing Matilda" is a song written by Scottish-born Australian singer-songwriter Eric Bogle in 1971. The song describes war as futile and gruesome, while criticising those who seek to glorify it. This is exemplified in the song by the account of a young Australian soldier who is maimed at the Battle of Gallipoli during the First World War.
The song is often praised for its imagery of the devastation at Gallipoli. The protagonist, a drover before the war, loses his legs in the battle and later notes the death of other veterans with time, as younger generations become apathetic to the veterans and their cause.
In May 2001, the Australasian Performing Right Association, as part of its 75th Anniversary celebrations, named "And the Band Played Waltzing Matilda" as one of the Top 30 Australian songs of all time.
The song is an account of the memories of an old Australian man, who, as a youngster in 1915, had been recruited into the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps and sent to Gallipoli. For "ten weary weeks," he kept himself alive as "around [him] the corpses piled higher". He recalls "that terrible day" ... "in the hell that they called Suvla Bay [they] were butchered like lambs at the slaughter" ... "in that mad world of blood, death and fire".
When the ship carrying the young soldiers departs from Australia the band plays Waltzing Matilda while crowds wave flags and cheer. When the crippled narrator returns, "the legless, the armless, the blind, the insane" are carried down the gangway to the same popular music but the crowd watches in silence and turn their faces away.
The line that states that "they gave me a tin hat" is anachronistic, as the British and Imperial armies were not issued steel helmets until 1916, the year after Gallipoli.
The song, written in 1971, has also been interpreted as alluding to the Vietnam War. The song rails against the romanticising of war. As the old man sits on his porch, watching the veterans march past every ANZAC Day, he muses: "The young people ask what are they marching for, and I ask myself the same question".
The song was originally eight verses long, but Bogle pared it down to five verses. At the 1974 National Folk Festival in Brisbane, Bogle entered another song in a songwriting competition. Since the first person who performed sang two songs rather than just one, everyone who followed did the same. Thus, Bogle also sang "Matilda", to great acclaim; some expressed consternation when it did not win the competition.
Jane Herivel from the Channel Islands had heard Bogle sing at the festival and requested Bogle to send her a recording. She sang it at a festival in the south of England where June Tabor heard it and later recorded it. Unknown to Bogle, the song became famous in the UK and North America; so when Bogle was in the UK in 1976 he was surprised to be asked to perform at a local folk club on the strength of the song.
The first release of the song was by John Currie on the Australian label M7 in 1975. Cover versions of the song have been performed and recorded by Katie Noonan (Flametree Festival Byron Bay 08), The Irish Rovers, Joan Baez, Priscilla Herdman, Liam Clancy, Martin Curtis, The Dubliners, Ronnie Drew, Danny Doyle, Slim Dusty, The Fenians, Mike Harding, Jolie Holland, Seamus Kennedy, The Langer's Ball, Johnny Logan and Friends, John Allan Cameron, Houghmagandie, John McDermott, Midnight Oil, Christy Moore, Michael Grosvenor Myer (YouTube channel), The Pogues, The Skids, June Tabor, John Williamson, The Bushwackers and the bluegrass band, The Kruger Brothers, Redgum, John Schumann, Tickawinda (on the album "Rosemary Lane"), Orthodox Celts, The Houghton Weavers, Pat Chessell and Bread and Roses. Audrey Auld (on the album Billabong Song), Garrison Keillor has also performed it on his radio show A Prairie Home Companion when ANZAC Day (25 April) has fallen on a Saturday, and has also performed his own adaptation titled "And the Band Played The Star-Spangled Banner". Phil Coulter released a cover on his 2007 album "Timeless Tranquility - 20 Year Celebration".
American Vietnam veteran and Medal of Honor recipient Senator Bob Kerrey, who lost half his leg in the war, sang the song to his supporters after being elected to the United States Senate in 1988, and borrowed the first line for the title of his autobiography, When I Was A Young Man: A Memoir.
A French version, quite faithful to the original, was created in 2014 by the duet Ambages : "Et l'orchestre jouait la valse de Mathilde".
- Casimir, Jon (20 April 2002). "Secret life of Matilda". Music (Sydney Morning Herald).
- ""And The Band Played Waltzing Matilda" at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 2008-10-30.
- Kruger, Debbie (2 May 2001). "The songs that resonate through the years" (PDF). Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-30.
- "Secret life of Matilda". The Sydney Morning Herald. 20 April 2002.
- "Album: The Pogues: Rum Sodomy and the Lash". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 2012-01-04.
- Eric Bogle's Lyrics page at ericbogle.net, the writer's official website
- Audio of 'And the Band Played Waltzing Matilda' – sung by Eric Bogle and played by the Franklyn B Paverty Bush Band (website)
- Sung by Marjorie Roswell on YouTube
- A 2002 interview with Eric Bogle about the song from the Sydney Morning Herald
- Waltzing Matilda lyrics at pogues.com
- Band Played Waltzing Matilda slideshow video on YouTube
- Full lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
- Ambages : "Et l'orchestre jouait la valse de Mathilde"