Andahuaylas Province is the second largest of the seven provinces of the Apurímac Region in Peru. The capital of the province is the city of Andahuaylas. The province is located in the north-eastern part of the region and measures 3,987.00 square kilometres (1,539.39 sq mi).
The people in the province are mainly indigenous citizens of Quechua descent. Quechua is the language which the majority of the population (73.54%) learnt to speak in childhood, 26.09% of the residents started speaking using the Spanish language and 0.19% using Aymara (2007 Peru Census).