Andal, Bardhaman

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Andal
অন্ডাল
City
Andal is located in West Bengal
Andal
Andal
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°36′N 87°12′E / 23.60°N 87.20°E / 23.60; 87.20Coordinates: 23°36′N 87°12′E / 23.60°N 87.20°E / 23.60; 87.20
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bardhaman
Elevation 76 m (249 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 19,504
Languages
 • Official BengaliEnglish
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Lok Sabha constituency Asansol
Vidhan Sabha constituency Raniganj
Website bardhaman.gov.in

Andal is a census town and location of a police station [1] in Durgapur subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Andal is located at 23°36′N 87°12′E / 23.60°N 87.20°E / 23.60; 87.20. It has an average elevation of 76 metres (249 feet).

The Asansol-Durgapur region is composed of undulating laterite soil. This area lies between two mighty rivers – the Damodar and the Ajay. They flow almost parallel to each other in the region – the average distance between the two rivers is around 30 km. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal led to industrialisation of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.[2]

Singaran, a small stream about 35 km long has its origin near Ikra in the Jamuria area, flows past Topsi and Andal and joins the Damodar near Waria.[3]

The small town was also called Harinagar, after the name of Dr.Harinarayan Mukherjee, who had been a local land lord and also a very famous physician of his day. Another notable physician was Dr.ChandiCharan Mukherjee, an renowned eye specialist and gynecologist of his genre. Between 1940 to 1970 the town had a small Indo British population.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[4] Andal had a population of 19,504. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Andal has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 68%. In Andal, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Andal is on the Grand Trunk Road or NH2, now part of the Golden Quadrilateral. It is easily approachable from all other cities and towns in the region.

Rail[edit]

The best option to communicate Andal through Rail Station named as Andal railway station. It is on the Howrah-Delhi track and is linked with Sainthia through the Andal-Sainthia branch line.

Asansol division of Eastern Railway has the largest goods yard at Andal. The marshalling of wagons is done by a hump yard fitted with mechanical retarders.[5]

Sujallam Airport[edit]

The Union Civil Aviation Ministry and the West Bengal Government announced on 7 September 2007 plans to set up a new airport — along with a township, IT and logistics hub — at Durgapur-Andal Region. This earmarked the beginning of the Aerotropolis Project in Durgapur. Spread over approximately 2,182 acres (8.83 km2), the Durgapur Aerotropolis Project is shaping up in the Asansol Durgapur Planning Area (ADPA) of Burdwan District in West Bengal. Bestowed with premium facilities and great opportunities in the fields of metalwork, power-intensive industries, mining, iron and steel, engineering, petrochemicals, Information Technology (IT) and telecommunications, ADPA has proved to be an ideal destination for investors.

The current placement of Durgapur Domestic Airport promises to pave a smooth way for implementing development plans that will fulfill passenger and cargo traffic needs. As planned, an Integrated Township, IT Park and Logistics Hub will see the light of the day along with the Durgapur Aerotropolis Project. These will help in enhancing the growth prospects of Durgapur. BAPL has completed most of its legal procedures like receiving the In-Principal Clearance from the Ministry of Civil Aviation and getting the Land Use Development Control Plan (LUDCP) approved by Asansol Durgapur Development Authority (ADDA). It has also entered into a Technical Services Agreement with Changi Airports India Pte Ltd, Singapore. In the area both Burnpur and Durgapur have airstrips for the landing of small planes. The airfield at Panagarh is under Indian Air Force.

The honourable chief minister of Paschimbanga, Mamata Banerjee announced on 25th May, 2013 (Nazrul Islam's Birth Anniversary) that she has proposed to name the airport at Durgapur after the iconic Bengali poet, author, musician, freedom fighter and the National poet of Bangladesh, Kazi Nazrul Islam. This has been a matter of great joy and pride for the people. [6]

Politics & Social life[edit]

In the 1957 General Elections, Ondal was a dual constituency. While Ananda Gopal Mukherjee of INC won the open seat, Dwajadhari Mondal of INC won the seat reserved for Scheduled Castes.[7] For election results in other years for the area see Ausgram and Durgapur

As per orders of the Delimitation Commission, from 2011 Andal community development block is part of Raniganj (Vidhan Sabha constituency).[8]

Education[edit]

Andal has seven primary, four secondary and three higher secondary schools,[9] including Andal Mahabir High School which is the biggest Hindi medium school in the area. There are two English medium secondary schools named St. Mary's (Station Road) and St. Francis Xavier School.One of the renowned Urdu medium School is Iqbal Academy High school .

External links[edit]

There is one renowned Urdu medium school,IQBAL ACADEMY HIGH SCHOOL.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ District-wise list of stautory towns
  2. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp 14-15, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  3. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p34
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ Eastern Railway – Asansol
  6. ^ "New airport planned near Durgapur". The Hindu Business Line, 8 September 2007. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-08. 
  7. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections 1957 to the Legislative Assembly of West Bengal". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  8. ^ "Delimitation Commission Order No. 18". Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 18 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  9. ^ (Eastern Rail way High School)7th All-India School Education Survey 2003