Andal (community development block)

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Andal (CD Block)
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক

Community development block
Andal (CD Block) is located in West Bengal
Andal (CD Block)
Andal (CD Block)
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°35′00″N 87°11′00″E / 23.58333°N 87.18333°E / 23.58333; 87.18333
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituency Asansol
Assembly constituency Raniganj
 • Total 32.73 sq mi (84.78 km2)
Elevation 249 ft (76 m)
Population (2001)
 • Total 168,807
 • Density 5,160/sq mi (1,991/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
Literacy Rate 72.01 per cent
For the Tamil saint, see Aandaal.

Andal (community development block) (also spelled Ondal) is an administrative division in Durgapur subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Andal and Durgapur police stations serve this block. Headquarters of this block is at Andal More and Andal. Dakshin Khanda, Mahira, Kajora, Harishpur, Palashban, Dignala, Andal, Baska, Siduli, Khandra, Ukhra and Dhandadihi are urban areas in this block. The census towns Chak Bankola and Parashkol are both partly in Andal block and partly in Pandabeswar block.[1][2]


Andal is located at 23°35′N 87°11′E / 23.59°N 87.18°E / 23.59; 87.18.

Andal community development block has an area of 84.78  km2.[2]

The Asansol-Durgapur region is composed of undulating laterite soil. This area lies between two rivers – the Damodar and the Ajay. They flow almost parallel to each other in the region – the average distance between the two rivers is around 30 km. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal led to industrialisation of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.[3]

Singaran, a small stream about 35 km long has its origin near Ikra in the Jamuria area, flows past Topsi and Andal and joins the Damodar near Waria.[4]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of the Andal block, or panchayat samiti, are: Andal, Dakshin Khanda, Kajora, Khandra, Madanpur, Ramprosadpur, Srirampur and Ukhra.[5]

Census towns and villages[edit]

Census towns (CT) as of 2011 were Andal, Andal (Gram), Baska, Chak Bankola (part of the town), Dakshin Khanda, Dignala, Harishpur, Kajora, Khandra, Mahira, Palashban, Parashkol (part of the town), Siduli and Ukhra. Villages were Babuisol, Bhadur, Chak Rambati, Dhandadihi, Dhubchururia, Gaidhoba, Madanpur, Madhabpur, Madhusudanpur, Mukundapur, Shrirampur, Ramprasadpur, Tamla and Tiarmana.[6]


As per 2001 census, Andal block had a total population of 168,807, out of which 91,633 were males and 77,174 were females. Andal block registered a population growth of 9.47 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[2]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[7]

Scheduled castes at 54,611 formed around one-fourth the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 9,883.[8]


Andal is on NH 2 or the Grand Trunk Road, now part of the Golden Quadrilateral.


As per 2001 census, Andal block had a total literacy of 72.01 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 80.86 per cent female literacy was 61.36 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[9]


Andal has seven primary, four secondary and three higher secondary schools.[10] There are two English medium secondary schools named St. Mary's (Station Road) and St. Francis Xavier School.

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "Contact details of Block Development Officers". Burdwan district. West Bengal Government. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  2. ^ a b c "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  3. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp 14-15, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  4. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p34
  5. ^ "No. 229 (Sanction)-PN/P/II/1G-5/2005(Pt.II) dated 02.02.09". Allotment No. 5 for five districts – Cooch Behar, Burdwan, Uttar Dinajpur, Hooghly and Bankura. Government of West Bengal - Department of Panchayats & Rural Development. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  6. ^ "Villages in Ondal C.D.Block". Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  7. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  8. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  9. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  10. ^ 7th All-India School Education Survey 2003