Andalusian parliamentary election, 1996

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Andalusian parliamentary election, 1996
Andalusia
← 1994 3 March 1996 2000 →

All 109 seats in the Parliament of Andalusia
55 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered 5,577,567 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg3.5%
Turnout 4,353,877 (78.1%)
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg10.8 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Manuel Chaves 2010 (cropped).jpg Javier Arenas (cropped).jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg
Leader Manuel Chaves Javier Arenas Luis Carlos Rejón
Party PSOE–A PP IULV–CA
Leader since 19 April 1990 25 July 1993 21 July 1988
Leader's seat Cádiz Seville Córdoba
Last election 45 seats, 38.7% 41 seats, 34.4% 20 seats, 19.1%
Seats won 52 40 13
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg7 Red Arrow Down.svg1 Red Arrow Down.svg7
Popular vote 1,909,160 1,467,700 603,495
Percentage 44.1% 33.9% 14.0%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg5.4 pp Red Arrow Down.svg0.5 pp Red Arrow Down.svg5.1 pp

  Fourth party
  Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg
Leader Pedro Pacheco
Party PA
Leader since 29 December 1989
Leader's seat Cádiz
Last election 3 seats, 5.8%
Seats won 4
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1
Popular vote 287,764
Percentage 6.7%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.9 pp

AndalusiaProvinceMapParliament1996.png
Constituency results map for the Parliament of Andalusia

President before election

Manuel Chaves
PSOE–A

Elected President

Manuel Chaves
PSOE–A

The 1996 Andalusian parliamentary election was held on Sunday, 3 March 1996, to elect the 5th Parliament of Andalusia, the regional legislature of the Spanish autonomous community of Andalusia. All 109 seats in the Parliament were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with the 1996 general election.

The PSOE won the election with a greater relative majority than before, enabling it to require the support of only the Andalusian Party in order for Socialist candidate Manuel Chaves González to be invested as President of Andalusia, ending the period of instability that had dominated the previous legislature.

Overview[edit]

The Parliament of Andalusia was the unicameral legislature of Andalusia at the time of the 1996 election. Legislative initiative for those areas of responsibility attributed to the regional government belonged to this chamber, which also had the attribution of granting or revoking confidence from the President of Andalusia.

The President had the ability to dissolve the chamber at any given time and call a snap election. In the event that investiture attempts failed to elect a regional President within a two month-period from the first ballot, the candidate for the party with the most seats was automatically elected.[1]

Electoral system[edit]

Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all residents over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. Concurrently, residents meeting the previous criteria and not involved in any cause of ineligibility were eligible for the Parliament. Groups of electors were required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered electors in a particular district in order to be able to field candidates.

All 109 Parliament seats were allocated to eight multi-member districts—each constituency corresponding to a province—using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation. Each district was entitled to an initial minimum of eight seats, with the remaining 45 seats allocated among the eight provinces in proportion to their populations on the condition that the number of seats in each district did not exceed two times those of any other. A threshold of 3% of valid votes—which included blank ballots—was applied, with parties not reaching the threshold not entitled to enter the seat distribution.[2]

Opinion polls[edit]

Vote[edit]

Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. Poll results use the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. However, if such date is unknown, the date of publication will be given instead.

Seat projections[edit]

Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. 55 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of Andalusia.

Results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Most voted party by provinces.
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Parliament of Andalusia election results
AndalusiaParliamentDiagram1996.svg
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 1,909,160 44.13 +5.41 52 +7
People's Party (PP) 1,467,700 33.92 –0.44 40 –1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 603,495 13.95 –5.19 13 –7
Andalusian Party (PA)1 287,764 6.65 +0.85 4 +1
Blank ballots 33,165 0.77 –0.08
Total 4,326,692 100.00 109 ±0
Valid votes 4,326,692 99.38 –0.02
Invalid votes 27,185 0.62 +0.02
Votes cast / turnout 4,353,877 78.06 +10.79
Abstentions 1,223,690 21.94 –10.79
Registered voters 5,577,567
Source(s): Argos Information Portal, Historia Electoral
Popular vote
PSOE–A
  
44.13%
PP
  
33.92%
IULV–CA
  
13.95%
PA
  
6.65%
Others
  
0.59%
Blank ballots
  
0.77%
Seats
PSOE–A
  
47.70%
PP
  
36.70%
IULV–CA
  
11.93%
PA
  
3.67%

Distribution by constituency[edit]

Constituency PSOE–A PP IULV–CA PA
 % S  % S  % S  % S
Almería 45.6 5 39.7 5 10.3 1 3.3
Cádiz 40.0 6 32.3 5 12.6 2 13.6 2
Córdoba 41.7 6 31.6 4 19.7 3 5.7
Granada 44.9 7 37.5 5 12.4 1 3.9
Huelva 49.2 6 32.8 4 11.5 1 5.3
Jaén 47.3 6 36.2 5 12.2 1 3.3
Málaga 39.6 6 37.3 6 15.8 2 5.7 1
Seville 47.4 10 29.7 6 13.9 2 7.5 1
Total 44.1 52 33.9 40 13.9 13 6.7 4

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statute of Autonomy for Andalusia of 1981, Organic Law No. 6 of December 30, 1981 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 2017-02-22.
  2. ^ Electoral Law of Andalusia of 1986, Law No. 1 of January 2, 1986 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 2017-02-22.