Andalusian parliamentary election, 1996
All 109 seats in the Parliament of Andalusia
55 seats needed for a majority
Constituency results map for the Parliament of Andalusia
The 1996 Andalusian parliamentary election was held on Sunday, 3 March 1996, to elect the 5th Parliament of Andalusia, the regional legislature of the Spanish autonomous community of Andalusia. All 109 seats in the Parliament were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with the 1996 general election.
The PSOE won the election with a greater relative majority than before, enabling it to require the support of only the Andalusian Party in order for Socialist candidate Manuel Chaves González to be invested as President of Andalusia, ending the period of instability that had dominated the previous legislature.
The Parliament of Andalusia was the unicameral legislature of Andalusia at the time of the 1996 election. Legislative initiative for those areas of responsibility attributed to the regional government belonged to this chamber, which also had the attribution of granting or revoking confidence from the President of Andalusia.
The President had the ability to dissolve the chamber at any given time and call a snap election. In the event that investiture attempts failed to elect a regional President within a two month-period from the first ballot, the candidate for the party with the most seats was automatically elected.
Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all residents over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. Concurrently, residents meeting the previous criteria and not involved in any cause of ineligibility were eligible for the Parliament. Groups of electors were required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered electors in a particular district in order to be able to field candidates.
All 109 Parliament seats were allocated to eight multi-member districts—each constituency corresponding to a province—using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation. Each district was entitled to an initial minimum of eight seats, with the remaining 45 seats allocated among the eight provinces in proportion to their populations on the condition that the number of seats in each district did not exceed two times those of any other. A threshold of 3% of valid votes—which included blank ballots—was applied, with parties not reaching the threshold not entitled to enter the seat distribution.
Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. Poll results use the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. However, if such date is unknown, the date of publication will be given instead.
|3 Mar 1996||Regional Election||44.1||33.9||14.0||6.7||1.3||10.2|
|11–16 Feb||Vox Pública||34.9||40.2||17.7||6.0||1.2||5.3|
|12 Jun 1994||Regional Election||38.7||34.4||19.1||5.8||2.0||4.3|
Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. 55 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of Andalusia.
|3 Mar 1996||Regional Election||52||40||13||4||0|
|11–16 Feb||Vox Pública||38−42||44−49||16−20||1−4||0|
|12 Jun 1994||Regional Election||45||41||20||3||0|
|Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A)||1,909,160||44.13||+5.41||52||+7|
|People's Party (PP)||1,467,700||33.92||–0.44||40||–1|
|United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA)||603,495||13.95||–5.19||13||–7|
|Andalusian Party (PA)1||287,764||6.65||+0.85||4||+1|
|Parties with less than 1.0% of the vote||25,408||0.59||—||0||±0|
|Communist Party of the Andalusian People (PCPA)||7,340||0.17||–0.17||0||±0|
|Andalusian Nation (NA)||5,846||0.14||–0.13||0||±0|
|Humanist Party (PH)||4,339||0.10||–0.05||0||±0|
|Authentic Spanish Falange (FEA)||3,869||0.09||New||0||±0|
|Centrist Union (UC)||1,688||0.04||–0.23||0||±0|
|Democratic Andalusian Unity (UAD)||1,486||0.03||New||0||±0|
|Voice of the Andalusian People (VDPA)||840||0.02||New||0||±0|
|Votes cast / turnout||4,353,877||78.06||+10.79|
|Source(s): Argos Information Portal, Historia Electoral|
Distribution by constituency