Andegerebinha dialect

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RegionAustralia; Northern Territory, Hay River, Pituri Creek area, east of Alyawarra.
Extinctby 2016[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3adg

The Andegerebinha language, also known as Andegerebenha, Andigibinha, Antekerrepenhe and Antekerrepinhe, is an Australian Aboriginal language of the Northern Territory, specifically of the Upper Arrernte language group. It was spoken around the Hay River (east of Alice Springs) and Pituri Creek[4] area. It was spoken by only ten individuals in 1981, five in 2005, and in the 2016 census there were no fluent speakers of the language, so is now classified as dormant.[5]

A study of its sound system was published in 1977 by Gavan Breen,[6] which he revisited in 2001, saying that the phonology is now regarded as similar to Central Arrernte.[7]

  • Ayerrerenge (or Ayerrereng or Araynepenh,[7] and also known as Yuruwinga, Bularnu and other variations) was spoken by the Yuruwinga/Yaroinga people[8], is the north-easternmost member of the Arrernte group of languages, and the least studied.[7] It was spoken across the Queensland border in the Headingly, Urandangi, Lake Nash, Barkly Downs and Mount Isa areas, and near Mount Hogarth, Bathurst,[9] and Argadargada[10] in the NT.[11] It is now extinct.[11] According to Glottolog, quoting Breen (1977 and 2001): "E17/E18/E19 has a separate entry for Ayerrerenge [axe]. But Ayerrerenge is an Arandic variety subsumed under the entry Andegerebinha [adg]".[12][13] Breen notes that three of the speakers of Ayerrereng recorded in 1960 called their language Antekerrepenhe,[7] and Glottolog regards it as a dialect of it.[12]


  1. ^ ABS. "Census 2016, Language spoken at home by Sex (SA2+)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Andegerebinha". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ C12 Andegerebinha at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
  4. ^ "Pituri Creek". Bonzle. Map and info. Retrieved 12 June 2019.CS1 maint: others (link)
  5. ^ "Andegerebinha". Ethnologue. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  6. ^ Breen, Gavan (1977). "Andegerebenha vowel phonology". Phonetica. 34 (5): 371–391.
  7. ^ a b c d Breen, Gavan (2001). "Chapter 4: The wonders of Arandic phonology". In Simpson, Jane; Nash, David; Laughren, Mary; Austin, Peter; Alpher, Barry (eds.). Forty years on: Ken Hale and Australian languages (pdf). Pacific Linguistics 512. ANU. Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies. (Pacific Linguistics). pp. 45–69. ISBN 085883524X. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  8. ^ "G12: Ayerrerenge". Austlang. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  9. ^ NOTE: Cannot find reference to a Bathurst in this region, but this map of Mt Hogarth shows a "Bathurst Bore".
  10. ^ "Argadargada Waterhole (with map)". Bonzle. Retrieved 12 June 2019. Now on the northern boundary of Manners Creek Station.
  11. ^ a b "Ayerrerenge". Ethnologue. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  12. ^ a b "Andegerebinha". Glottolog. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  13. ^ NOTE: Breen 2001 is cited here, p.169