Andelat

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Andelat
Andelat is located in France
Andelat
Andelat
Coordinates: 45°03′41″N 3°03′44″E / 45.0614°N 3.0622°E / 45.0614; 3.0622Coordinates: 45°03′41″N 3°03′44″E / 45.0614°N 3.0622°E / 45.0614; 3.0622
Country France
Region Auvergne
Department Cantal
Arrondissement Saint-Flour
Canton Saint-Flour-Nord
Intercommunality Planèze
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Daniel Miral
Area
 • Land1 21.05 km2 (8.13 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 436
 • Population2 density 21/km2 (54/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 15004 / 15100
Elevation 796–1,083 m (2,612–3,553 ft)
(avg. 830 m or 2,720 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Andelat is a French commune in the Cantal department in the Auvergne region of south-central France.

Geography[edit]

Andelat is located some 4 km north-west of Saint-Flour. It can be accessed by the D679 road which passes through the east of the commune going north from Saint-Flour to Talizat. The D40 road also goes north-west from Saint-Flour passing just south of the village and continuing north-west through the commune to Coltines. The D404 road also comes south from Talizat to intersect the D40 road in the commune then continues south to Roffiac. Andelat village can only be reached by small country roads from the D40 and the D679. There are a number of other villages and hamlets in the commune. These are: Barret, Pagros, Sebeuge, and Le Sailhant. Apart from a number of small forests (the Bois du Sailhant, Bois de Ferval, Les Bessieres) and some scattered areas of trees the commune is entirely farmland.

A railway line passes through the commune from Saint-Flour in the south east and continuing to the north.

The Ander river flows through the commune from west to east just south of the village and continues south-west to join the Truyere near Anglards-de-Saint-Flour. The Ruisseau de la Souche rises in the north of the commune and flows south-west to join Le Babory which flows from the north of the commune. The Ruisseau de Ferval also joins Le Babory further downstream. Le Babory continues south to join the Ander in the commune.[1]

Neighbouring communes and villages[1][edit]

History[edit]

Andelat was chosen by King John to be, since 1360, the seat of the Bailiwick of the Auvergne Mountains. He knew the name of the particular jurisdictions and made it subordinate to the Seneschal of Riom. The magistrates found that the village was unworthy of their offices and made it a traveling seat holding hearings in rented rooms at Chaudes-Aigues and Roffiac, and sometimes at the royal castle at Bredon, now in ruins, in the current commune of Albepierre-Bredons. The seat was transferred by François I in 1491 to Murat without reuniting it with its bailiwick and retained its name of Bailiwick of Andelat.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[2]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2008 Marc Bellot
2008 2014 Daniel Miral

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 436 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
687 681 715 679 692 716 641 660 597
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
610 576 530 575 583 715 610 604 616
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
612 558 510 481 460 426 436 411 369
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
334 343 304 325 350 335 384 436 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Sites and monuments[edit]

  • The waterfall and Sailhant Castle
  • The Saint Cirgue Church from the 12th, 13th, and 15th centuries

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Google Maps
  2. ^ List of Mayors of France