|• Total||6.72 km2 (2.59 sq mi)|
|Elevation||370 m (1,210 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2015)|
|• Density||320/km2 (840/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Adlikon, Dorf, Flaach, Humlikon, Kleinandelfingen, Ossingen, Volken|
Andelfingen is first mentioned in 1248 as Andelfingon. Until 1970, it was known as Grossandelfingen.
Andelfingen has an area of 6.7 km2 (2.6 sq mi). Of this area, 47.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 34.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 14.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (4.3%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
The municipality is the capital of the district of Andelfingen. It is located on the southern banks of the Thur river.
Andelfingen has a population (as of 31 December 2015) of 2,168. As of 2007[update], 11.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 10.1%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (89.5%), with Italian being second most common ( 3.9%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 1.6%).
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000[update]) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 24.7% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 59.8% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 15.5%. In Andelfingen about 77.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).
Andelfingen has an unemployment rate of 0.9%. As of 2005[update], there were 41 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 16 businesses involved in this sector. 527 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 34 businesses in this sector. 530 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 90 businesses in this sector. The historical population is given in the following table:
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