He was raised in Houghton, Michigan in the Upper Peninsula. His mother's death when he was seven years old is reflected in the themes of his later fiction. He received his Bachelor of Arts from Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois. He went on to earn an MA from Iowa State University and an MFA from the University of Alabama.
Monson's first two books, the novel Other Electricities and the poetry collection Vacationland, were published in 2005. Other Electricities was praised widely for its innovative approach, lyric intensity, and grim humor. His nonfiction debut, Neck Deep and Other Predicaments: Essays was published in February 2007. It was critically acclaimed for its imaginative reworkings of the form of the essay. In March 2010 Graywolf Press published his collection of essays titled "Vanishing Point: Not a Memoir."  The collection includes his essay "Solipsism" which was originally published on his website, republished by Pinch, and anthologized in Best American Essays 2008.  In July 2010 Sarabande published a collection of his poetry titled "The Available World." 
- 2007 John C. Zacharis First Book Award from the literary journal Ploughshares, for Other Electricities
- 2006 New York Public Library's Young Lions Award finalist, for Other Electricities
- Graywolf Press Nonfiction Prize, for Neck Deep and Other Predicaments: Essays
- 2007 Christopher Isherwood Foundation fellowship
- 2008 Great Lakes Colleges Association New Writers Award, for Neck Deep and Other Predicaments
- 2008 Knox College Junior Alumni Achievement Award
- 2010 National Book Critics Circle Finalist in Criticism for Vanishing Point
- Safety Features, New Michigan Press, 1999.
- Other Electricities, Sarabande Books, 2005. ISBN 978-1-932511-15-4
- Vacationland, Tupelo Press, 2005. ISBN 978-1-932195-16-3
- Neck Deep and Other Predicaments: Essays, Graywolf Press, 2007. ISBN 978-1-55597-459-6
- "Solipsism", The Pinch, 2007.
- Our Aperture, New Michigan Press, 2008. ISBN 978-1-934832-03-5
- Vanishing Point: Not a Memoir, Graywolf Press, 2009. ISBN 978-1-55597-554-8
- Letter to a Future Lover: Marginalia, Errata, Secrets, Inscriptions, and Other Ephemera Found in Libraries, Graywolf Press, 2015. ISBN 978-1555977061
- Ander Monson, ed. (2003). Diagram: Selections from the Magazine. Del Sol Press. ISBN 978-0-9725095-8-9.
- Ander Monson, ed. (2006). Diagram.2. Del Sol. ISBN 978-0-9762092-1-8.
- Ander Monson, ed. (2008). Diagram III. del Sol Press. ISBN 978-1-934832-04-2.
- Ander Monson and Craig Reinbold, ed. (2017). How We Speak to One Another. Coffee House Press. ISBN 978-1-56689-457-9.
- Adam Gopnik, Robert Atwan, ed. (October 8, 2008). "Solipsism". Best American Essays 2008. Mariner Books. ISBN 978-0-618-98322-3. 
Interspersed throughout Other Electricities are a series of radio schematics, black and white diagrams of nodes and connections. Next to them, Ander Monson has written what at first appear to be impenetrable captions: “Dear, some distances are accidental”; “Dear, distance is a constellation, dead light from distant stars"; “Dear, this distance is now all I have, a wine-dark sea, a solo moan, a haunting." There’s no terminal punctuation; the sentences just hang there in midair, a lot like a radio transmission that suddenly goes dead. There’s a growing sense of desperation in the messages as the book progresses, and it ends with a final one-line transmission that somehow both ties everything together and busts it apart. If that sounds vague, it’s because Other Electricities affects you on an ethereal level -- it’s angelic and musical, and more than anything I’ve read recently, it begs to be experienced and not just read.
Ander Monson grew up in remote, grim northern Michigan and (if we trust the poems) lost at least two of his closest friends before they had finished high school. Or, if you prefer: Ander Monson has breathed life into a fictive northern Michigan townscape where two teenagers have died in an auto accident before finishing high school, and a third narrates poems about them.
-  See DeWitt Henry: "Postscripts: Zacharis Award Winner Ander Monson
- According to his bio page
- Mark Schone, in the New York Times Review of Other Electricities, calls it "a unique brand of mudroom gothic."
- See Matthew Price's review in the New York Times:
- See (ibid 191)
- Sarabande Books
- DIAGRAM >> Masthead
- About NMP
- University of Arizona Poetry Center
- Ali Freedman (January 21, 2009). "Genius duo: UA poetry center to host reading". The Daily Wildcat.
- "Other Electricities by Ander Monson", Bookslut, August 2005, Michael Schaub
- "A review of Vacationland", The Believer, Stephen Burt, AUGUST 2006