Anders Åslund

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Anders Åslund
Anders Åslund VOA.jpg
Born (1952-02-17) 17 February 1952 (age 67)
InstitutionAtlantic Council
FieldEconomics of Transition
Alma materOxford University (D.Phil.)
Information at IDEAS / RePEc

Per Anders Åslund (Swedish pronunciation: [ˇanːdɛʂ oːslɵnd];[tones?] born 17 February 1952) is a Swedish economist and a Senior Fellow at the Atlantic Council. He is also a chairman of the International Advisory Council at the Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE).

His work focuses on economic transition from centrally planned to market economies. Åslund served as an economic adviser to the governments of Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Ukraine and from 2003 was director of the Russian and Eurasian Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Åslund was an advocate of early, comprehensive, and radical economic reforms in Russia and Eastern Europe.[1] He worked at the Peterson Institute for International Economics from 2006 to 2015. In 2013, David Frum wrote that “Anders Aslund at the Peterson Institute is one of the world’s leading experts on the collapse of the planned Soviet economy.” [2]

Anders Aslund lives permanently in Washington, DC, with his wife Anna and their two children.

Åslund in Sweden[edit]

From 1989 to 1994, Åslund worked as a Professor of International Economics at the Stockholm School of Economics; and in 1989 he became the founding director of the Stockholm Institute of East European Economics.

On 22 April 1990 Åslund published a controversial article in the leading Swedish daily, Dagens Nyheter, drawing parallels between the collapsing communist regimes in Eastern Europe and the social democratic policies in Sweden.[3] He argued that Sweden had too large a public sector; supported communist dictatorships, such as Cuba, in the Third World; and had excessive state intervention in all areas of life. The ruling Social Democratic government opposed the views of Åslund in dozens of articles. In June 1990, Social Democratic Prime Minister Ingvar Carlsson voiced public disagreement with Åslund in the Swedish parliament.[4][5] However, opposition leader, Carl Bildt, defended Åslund.[5][6]

Involvement in Russian economic reform[edit]

From November 1991 to January 1994, Åslund worked with Jeffrey Sachs and David Lipton as a senior advisor to the Russian reform government under President Boris Yeltsin and Acting Prime Minister Yegor Gaidar.[7] He worked also with Deputy Prime Ministers Anatoly Chubais and Boris Fedorov. Åslund summarized his views in his book How Russia Became a Market Economy.[8]

Other Work[edit]

After his experiences in Russia, Åslund worked as an economic advisor to President Leonid Kuchma of Ukraine from 1994 to 1997, and from 1998 to 2004, to President Askar Akaev of Kyrgyzstan. Åslund has also worked substantially with economic policy in the Baltic countries, first as a member of the International Baltic Economic Commission from 1991 to 1993,[9] and later as an informal advisor to Latvian Prime Minister Valdis Dombrovskis from 2009.[10] (Dombrovskis was prime minister until 2014.)


  1. ^ Anders Åslund, Post-Communist Economic Revolutions: How Big a Bang? The Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC, and Westview, 1992, pp. 106
  2. ^
  3. ^ Anders Åslund, "Storstäda i Sverige! (Clean up in Sweden!)", Dagens Nyheter, April 22, 1990
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b http://www.riksdagen≠.se/sv/Dokument-Lagar/Kammaren/Protokoll/Riksdagens-snabbprotokoll-1990_GE09131/[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Anders Åslund, "Statsministern och verkligheten (The Prime Minister and the Reality)", Svenska Dagbladet, July 3, 1990.
  7. ^ Nelson, Lynn D. and Irina Y. Kuzes, 1994, Property to the People: The Struggle for Radical Economic Reform in Russia. M.E. Sharp, New York.
  8. ^ Anders Åslund, How Russia Became a Market Economy, Washington, DC: Brookings 1995.
  9. ^ Anders Åslund, How Capitalism Was Built, Second Edition, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
  10. ^ Anders Åslund and Valdis Dombrovskis, How Latvia Came through the Financial Crisis, Washington, DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics.


Authored Books

  • Private Enterprise in Eastern Europe. The Non-Agricultural Private Sector in Poland and the GDR, 1945–83 Macmillan, London, 1985, 294 pp.
  • Gorbachev's Struggle for Economic Reform, Pinter, London, and Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 1989, 219 pp. 2nd ed., Pinter, London, and Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 1991, 262 pp.
  • Post-Communist Economic Revolutions: How Big a Bang? The Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC, and Westview, 1992, 106 pp.
  • How Russia Became a Market Economy, 1995, ISBN 978-0-8157-0425-6
  • Getting It Wrong: Regional Cooperation and the Commonwealth of Independent States, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington, D.C., 1999., with Martha Brill Olcott and Sherman W. Garnett,
  • Building Capitalism: The Transformation of the Former Soviet Bloc, 2001, ISBN 978-0-521-80525-4
  • How Capitalism Was Built: The Transformation of Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, and Central Asia, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
  • Russia's Capitalist Revolution: Why Market Reform Succeeded and Democracy Failed, 2007, ISBN 978-0-88132-409-9
  • How Ukraine Became a Market Economy and Democracy, 2009, ISBN 0-88132-427-2
  • The Russia Balance Sheet, 2009 by Anders Åslund and Andrew Kuchins, ISBN 978-0-88132-424-2
  • The Last Shall Be the first: The East European Financial Crisis, 2008–10, 2010, ISBN 978-0-88132-521-8
  • How Latvia Came through the Financial Crisis, 2011, by Anders Åslund and Valdis Dombrovskis, ISBN 978-0-88132-602-4
  • Ukraine: What Went Wrong and How to Fix It, 2015, ISBN 978-0-88132-701-4
  • Russia’s Crony Capitalism: The Path from Market Economy to Kleptocracy, 2019, ISBN 978-0-30024-309-3

Edited Books

External links[edit]

[[Category:People from Karlskoga Municipality