Anders Åslund

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Anders Åslund
Anders Åslund VOA.jpg
Åslund in March 2013
Born (1952-02-17) 17 February 1952 (age 70)
NationalitySweden
FieldEconomics of Transition
Alma materOxford University (D.Phil.)
Information at IDEAS / RePEc

Per Anders Åslund (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈânːdɛʂ ˈoːslɵnd];[surname tone?] born 17 February 1952) is a Swedish economist and former Senior Fellow at the Atlantic Council. He is also a chairman of the International Advisory Council at the Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE).

His work focuses on economic transition from centrally planned to market economies. Åslund served as an economic adviser to the governments of Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Ukraine and from 2003 was director of the Russian and Eurasian Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Åslund was an advocate of early, comprehensive, and radical economic reforms in Russia and Eastern Europe.[1] He worked at the Peterson Institute for International Economics from 2006 to 2015. In 2013, David Frum wrote that “Anders Aslund at the Peterson Institute is one of the world’s leading experts on the collapse of the planned Soviet economy.”[2] From 2010 to 2013 and again in 2022 he contributed to The Moscow Times, an independent English-language newspaper; he is also a long-time contributor to the Kyiv Post.[3]

Anders Aslund lives in Washington, DC, with his wife Anna and their two children.

Åslund in Sweden[edit]

From 1989 to 1994, Åslund worked as a Professor of International Economics at the Stockholm School of Economics; and in 1989 he became the founding director of the Stockholm Institute of East European Economics.

On 22 April 1990 Åslund published a controversial article on Dagens Nyheter, drawing parallels between the collapsing communist regimes in Eastern Europe and the social democratic policies in Sweden.[4] He argued that Sweden had too large a public sector; supported communist dictatorships, such as Cuba, in the Third World; and had excessive state intervention in all areas of life. The ruling Swedish Social Democratic Party opposed the views of Åslund in dozens of articles. In June 1990, Social Democratic Prime Minister Ingvar Carlsson voiced public disagreement with Åslund in the Riksdag.[5][6] However, opposition leader Carl Bildt (Moderate Party) defended Åslund.[6][7]

Involvement in Russian economic reform[edit]

From November 1991 to January 1994, Åslund worked with Jeffrey Sachs and David Lipton as a senior advisor to the Russian reform government under President Boris Yeltsin and Acting Prime Minister Yegor Gaidar.[8] He worked also with Deputy Prime Ministers Anatoly Chubais and Boris Fedorov. Åslund summarized his views in his book How Russia Became a Market Economy.[9]

Other work[edit]

After his experiences in Russia, Åslund worked as an economic advisor to President Leonid Kuchma of Ukraine from 1994 to 1997, and from 1998 to 2004, to President Askar Akayev of Kyrgyzstan. Åslund has also worked substantially with economic policy in the Baltic countries, first as a member of the International Baltic Economic Commission from 1991 to 1993,[10] and later as an informal advisor to Latvian Prime Minister Valdis Dombrovskis from 2009.[11] (Dombrovskis was prime minister until 2014.)

Work in Ukraine[edit]

In 2016, Åslund was appointed to the supervisory board of Ukraine's 23rd largest bank, Kredyt Dnipro, owned by Ukrainian billionaire Viktor Pinchuk.[12][13]

Fallout with the Zelenskyy administration[edit]

Åslund's work in Ukraine made him a vocal critic of Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy. Åslund was a member of the supervisory board of the Ukrainian Railways from June 2018 until September 2020, when he was "fired" by President Zelensky.[14][15] Zelenskyy commented on the resignation of UZ Aslund, a member of the supervisory board. He claimed he resigned because Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy and members of the Ukrainian parliament "do not believe in good corporate governance."[14] Åslund claimed that the foreign members of the supervisory boards of 13 large state-owned companies "receive only insults and obstacles from the president."[14]

Books[edit]

  • Gorbachev's Struggle for Economic Reform, Cornell University Press, 1989
  • Market Socialism or the Restoration of Capitalism?, Cambridge University Press, 1991
  • Post-communist Economic Revolutions: How Big A Bang?, Routledge, 1992
  • The Post-Soviet Economy: Soviet and Western Perspectives, Palgrave MacMillan, 1992
  • Changing the Eco System, Pinter Publishers, 1994
  • Economic Transformation in Russia, St. Martin's Press, 1994
  • How Russia Became a Market Economy, Brookings Institution Press, 1995
  • Russian Economic Reform at Risk, Pinter Publishers, 1995
  • Russia's Economic Transformation in the 1990s, Pinter Publishers, 1998
  • Russia After Communism, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1999
  • Economic Reform in Ukraine: The Unfinished Agenda, Routledge, 2000
  • Revolution in Orange: The Origins of Ukraine's Democratic Breakthrough, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2006
  • Russia's Capitalist Revolution: Why Market Reform Succeeded and Democracy Failed, Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2007
  • Europe After Enlargement, Cambridge University Press, 2007
  • Building Capitalism: The Transformation of the Former Soviet Bloc, Cambridge University Press, 2008
  • The Challenges of Globalization: Imbalances and Growth, Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2008
  • How Ukraine Became a Market Economy and Democracy, Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2009
  • (with Andrew Kuchins) The Russia Balance Sheet, Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2009
  • Russia After the Global Economic Crisis, Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2010
  • The Last Shall Be the First: East European Financial Crisis, 2008-10, Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2010
  • (with Valdis Dombrovskis) How Latvia Came Through the Financial Crisis, Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2011
  • (with Gary Clyde Hufbauer) The United States Should Establish Permanent Normal Trade Relations with Russia, Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2012
  • How Capitalism Was Built: The Transformation of Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, the Caucasus, and Central Asia, Cambridge University Press, 2013
  • The Great Rebirth: Lessons from the Victory of Capitalism over Communism, Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2014
  • Ukraine: What Went Wrong and How to Fix It, Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2015
  • (with Simeon Dyankov) Europe's Growth Challenge, Oxford University Press, 2017
  • Putin's Economic Policy and Its Consequences, Oxford University Press, 2019
  • Russia's Crony Capitalism: The Path from Market Economy to Kleptocracy, Yale University Press, 2019

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anders Åslund, Post-Communist Economic Revolutions: How Big a Bang? The Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC, and Westview, 1992, pp. 106
  2. ^ Frum, David (4 April 2013). "What the Eurozone Crisis is all About". The Daily Beast.
  3. ^ "Articles by Anders Åslund". The Moscow Times.
  4. ^ Anders Åslund, "Storstäda i Sverige! (Clean up in Sweden!)", Dagens Nyheter, April 22, 1990
  5. ^ "Riksdagens protokoll 1989/90:139". data.riksdagen.se. Retrieved 29 August 2022.
  6. ^ a b "Riksdagens snabbprotokoll 1990/91:131 Torsdagen den 13 juni Protokoll 1990/91:131 - Riksdagen". www.riksdagen.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 29 August 2022.
  7. ^ Anders Åslund, "Statsministern och verkligheten (The Prime Minister and the Reality)", Svenska Dagbladet, July 3, 1990.
  8. ^ Nelson, Lynn D. and Irina Y. Kuzes, 1994, Property to the People: The Struggle for Radical Economic Reform in Russia. M.E. Sharp, New York.
  9. ^ Anders Åslund, How Russia Became a Market Economy, Washington, DC: Brookings 1995.
  10. ^ Anders Åslund, How Capitalism Was Built, Second Edition, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
  11. ^ Anders Åslund and Valdis Dombrovskis, How Latvia Came through the Financial Crisis, Washington, DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics.
  12. ^ "Экс-глава МВФ вошел в набсовет банка Пинчука". News.finance.ua. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
  13. ^ Rachkevych, Mark (February 3, 2016). "Billionaire Pinchuk puts Strauss-Kahn, other big names on bank board". Kyiv Post. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  14. ^ a b c "У Зеленського прокоментували відставку члена наглядової ради УЗ Аслунда". Економічна правда (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2022-10-30.
  15. ^ Mendel, Iuliia [@IuliiaMendel] (6 March 2021). "@anders_aslund @ZelenskyyUa Mr.Aslund, I am pretty disappointed you're so much influenced by too old disinformation narratives. Hope you're speaking for high-quality analytics, not just because of an offense of being fired" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 13 November 2021. Retrieved 28 February 2022 – via Twitter.

Bibliography[edit]

Authored Books

  • Private Enterprise in Eastern Europe. The Non-Agricultural Private Sector in Poland and the GDR, 1945–83 Macmillan, London, 1985, 294 pp.
  • Gorbachev's Struggle for Economic Reform, Pinter, London, and Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 1989, 219 pp. 2nd ed., Pinter, London, and Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 1991, 262 pp.
  • Post-Communist Economic Revolutions: How Big a Bang? The Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC, and Westview, 1992, 106 pp.
  • How Russia Became a Market Economy, 1995, ISBN 978-0-8157-0425-6
  • Getting It Wrong: Regional Cooperation and the Commonwealth of Independent States, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington, D.C., 1999., with Martha Brill Olcott and Sherman W. Garnett,
  • Building Capitalism: The Transformation of the Former Soviet Bloc, 2001, ISBN 978-0-521-80525-4
  • How Capitalism Was Built: The Transformation of Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, and Central Asia, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
  • Russia's Capitalist Revolution: Why Market Reform Succeeded and Democracy Failed, 2007, ISBN 978-0-88132-409-9
  • How Ukraine Became a Market Economy and Democracy, 2009, ISBN 0-88132-427-2
  • The Russia Balance Sheet, 2009 by Anders Åslund and Andrew Kuchins, ISBN 978-0-88132-424-2
  • The Last Shall Be the first: The East European Financial Crisis, 2008–10, 2010, ISBN 978-0-88132-521-8
  • How Latvia Came through the Financial Crisis, 2011, by Anders Åslund and Valdis Dombrovskis, ISBN 978-0-88132-602-4
  • Ukraine: What Went Wrong and How to Fix It, 2015, ISBN 978-0-88132-701-4
  • Russia’s Crony Capitalism: The Path from Market Economy to Kleptocracy, 2019, ISBN 978-0-30024-309-3

Edited Books

External links[edit]