|District||Mumbai Suburban District|
|Population (2001)||1,500,000 |
|Time zone||IST GMT+530|
Andheri H.O. 400 053
Andheri R.S 400 058
Versova Andheri West 400 061
Andheri East - 400 069
Andheri East MIDC - 400 093
Andheri East J.B.NAGAR400 059
|Vehicle registration||MH 02|
Andheri is a suburb or 'Taluka' of Mumbai, situated in the west of the city on the Salsette Island. Andheri derives its name from a small hill called 'Udayanagari' located close to Mahakali Caves. Like many other localities in Mumbai, the railway line divides Andheri into two parts – east and west.
It is a residential cum commercial area of the city of Mumbai. It has a population of 1,500,000 and is the largest suburb of Mumbai and the third largest Taluka of Mumbai by area. In the mid twentieth century, Andheri was known for its various movie studios, which have since been relocated northwards towards Goregaon Film City. Sher-e-Punjab Housing Society is the single largest co-operative residential housing society in Mumbai with 1,251 members.
The Andheri railway station is the among the busiest railway stations in the country and also on the Western Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway and the expansion of the metro in the Versova-Anderi-Ghatkopar corridor is part of the government's master transportation plan.
||This section possibly contains original research. (September 2013)|
The oldest settlements and largest town in and around Andheri were those of the East Indians and the Parsi Zoroastrians of the Bombay City natives whose villages and lands survive in Pump House, Marol, Chakala, Gundowli, Sahar, Saki Naka, etc. The name Andheri was derived from Udayanagari, the name of a hill near the Mahakali caves.
Another concentration of the native East Indians was located on the former islet of Versova, also known as Vasave.
In the early 1900s, as urbanization spread from Bombay northwards, Marathi, Gujarati and other settlers began to colonize the area.
In the 1940s the British built the Versova Causeway (the Versova Road) between Andheri on Sashti Island and the islet of Versova. The area on both sides of this causeway were rapidly filled in to develop areas now known as Lokhandwala Complex, Yamuna Nagar, Millat Nagar, Dhake Colony, D.N. Nagar, Four Bungalows, Seven Bungalows, etc.
In 1928, the Great Indian Peninsular Railway opened a Trombay-Andheri line called the Salsette Trombay Railway or Central Salsette Tramway. Andheri, Chakala and Sahar were some of the stations. It was shut down in 1934 to make way for Santacruz Airport.
One of the earliest colonies is the Dhake Colony on Versova Road, West Andheri. The five buildings of Dhake Colony were built around 1950. The area is now known as D.N. Nagar.
Another of the early settlements is Bhardawadi. It has been inhabited for the last ninety years. In the past, there were bungalows on this road; these gave way to apartment buildings, although there are still a few old bungalows.
From 1935, up until the early 1980s, Andheri East was the home to many notable film studios, namely Prakash Studio, Nataraj Studio, Modern Studio, M&T Studio and Mohan Studio. All them were situated from Telli Gully junction up to Chakala Junction on Andheri-Kurla Road. Reference "Report of the Bombay Development Committee". Government of Bombay, 1914. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
Before 1945, Andheri was administered by a Collector as the "Suburban District"; in that year, the former Suburban District was absorbed by Mumbai city as Greater Bombay. However, the district was once again revived around the year 2000 as the Mumbai Suburban District.
Geographical Boundaries (Andheri Taluka)
- North - Up to Borivali Taluka Villages (Kurla, Saki Vihar, Goregaon, Aarey, Daravali and Erangal)
- East - Up to Kurla tehsil to Tungwa, Saki, Mohili, Kurla
- West - Along the coast of the Arabian Sea from Madh in the North to Bandra in the South
- South - Up to Mahim Creek and Greater Mumbai (South Mumbai)
Statistics and general information.
Andheri today has a population exceeding 1 million and, as per record, is by far the most populous suburb of Mumbai.
Traditionally, West Andheri is largely residential, whereas East Andheri has a mixture of commercial and residential areas, including MIDC–SEEPZ (Santacruz Electronic and Export Promotion Zone), Saki Naka and Chandivali (both industrial areas).
The Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport terminal is in Andheri East. It was built during the 1970s and 80s, and is currently in the midst of a major revamp. Many call centers and business process outsourcing companies are in the Chakala and Chandivali area of Andheri. Andheri East has several pockets of residential areas, some of them being shanties and slums, especially next to the airport perimeter.
The Bombay Parsi Punchayet (the apex governing body of the Community-ESTD 1681) being the second largest land owner in Mumbai City after Bombay Port Trust hosts two Parsi Colonies in the West of Andheri namely The Sir Shapoorji Bharucha Baug and Cama Park along with other Apartments. In Andheri East Pump House there once used to be "The Tower of Silence" or Doongerwadi Dakhma of the Salsette Island for the funeral of the community members used to take place but now it has been converted into "The Salsette Parsi Colony" which resides 2000 members of the Zoroastrian Faith with a Fire Temple.
Gilder Baug Parsi Colony in J.B.Nagar and Panthaky Baug are two colonies in Andheri East. There are two Fire Temples one being in Andheri East at Pump House and Patel Dar-e-Meher or the Fire Temple in the west of Andheri.
The road running parallel to the station is called Madhavdas Amarsey Road or M.A. Road. The Madhavdas Amarsey Road has been derived from the Madhavdas Amarsey School on this road. S.V. Road is the main artery. The new Link road connects Andheri West to the recently developed to Borivali and beyond.
Line 1 of the Mumbai Metro spans in the entire suburb of Andheri connecting Versova in the west to Ghatkopar in the Eastern Suburbs, covering a distance of 11.4 kilometres (7.1 mi). It is fully elevated, and consists of 12 stations. Work on the corridor began on 8 February 2008. A cable stay bridge, spanning the Western railway line, on the project was completed at the end of 2012. The line opened for service on 8 June 2014. Latest statistics reveal that approximately 85 million passengers have used the metro line in the first 11 months since its launch.
The international terminal of the city's Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport is located near Sahar village in Andheri East. There are two separate terminals operating the domestic and international operations. Recently renovated, international terminal T2 has been rated as one of the best airports of India. The domestic flights are being operated from the terminal at Santacruz while the international flights are being operated form Terminal T2 mentioned earlier.
The Andheri RTO or Regional Transport Office, which handles one of the larger areas of suburban Mumbai is located at Versova Road, New Manish Nagar, Ambivali in Andheri West. Recently, during early 2015, the Andheri RTO (currently prefix MH-02)is being split to Dahisar with a new prefix of MH-47 which will handle license and vehicle plate issuance between Goregaon and Dahisar in order to reduce further load on the Andheri RTO
- "MCGM - "K/West"Ward at a Glance"". Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai.
- "MCGM - "K/East"Ward at a Glance"". Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai.
- "History Of Andheri -". Retrieved 2015-06-12.
- "District Profile". mumbaisuburban.gov.in. Retrieved 2015-06-12.
- Baljeet, Parmar. "Sher-e-Punjab housing society election stayed". Daily News and Analysis.
- "Authorities finding it difficult to decongest Andheri station area". Daily News and Analysis.
- Indian Economy - K. R. Gupta, J. R. Gupta - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- "Railway Gauges in India". IRFCA.org. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
- Mumbai metro line to push up Andheri realty prices - Economic Times. Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- Mumbai Metro. Mumbaimetroone.com. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- A Mumbai Metro train every three minutes - Mumbai - DNA. Dnaindia.com. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- "Know Your Metro - Features". Reliance Mumbai Metro. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- "Metro ride in June '13? Work on crucial bridge completed". The Times of India. 26 December 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- "Maharashtra CM Prithivraj Chavan flags off Mumbai Metro". The Times of India. 8 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- "Over 8 crore commuters travelled in Metro since June 2014 - The Economic Times". Retrieved 2015-06-12.
- "Andheri (Deputy RTO)". Retrieved 2015-06-25.
- "Borivli RTO is likely to be inaugurated by month-end". The Times of India. 21 April 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
- Shrivastava, Prabhat, and S. L. Dhingra. "Operational Integration Of Suburban Railway And Public Buses—Case Study Of Mumbai." Journal Of Transportation Engineering 132.6 (2006): 518-522. Academic Search Premier. Web. 29 May 2012.