From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Andhra may refer to:
Kingdoms and geographical regions
- Andhra, a tribe or kingdom mentioned in the epic Mahabharata.
- Satavahana dynasty, also known as Andhra dynasty, ruled Deccan from 1st century BCE (possibly earlier) to early 3rd century CE
- Andhra Ikshvakulu, one of the earliest recorded ruling dynasties of the Krishna-Guntur areas with capital at Nagarjunakonda or Vijayapuri in Guntur district.
- Andhranagari, another name of Amaravathi village, Guntur district.
- Andhrapuramu or Andhranagaramu, other names of original Vengi Kingdom. Later expanded to include Orugallu, the capital of Kakateeyas when Telugu province of Vengi came under their rule and westward migration occurred to the capital.
- British Andhra: Kostha and Ceded regions, which were under British influence, occupation and rule. English East India Company established a factory in 1611 at Machilipatnam.
- Danish Andhra: regions of coastal Andhra including Machilipatnam which were under Danish influence and occupation, but not rule.
- Dutch Andhra: regions of coastal Andhra including Machilipatnam, Pulicat, etc., that were under Dutch influence. Dutch East India Company was founded in 1602. In 1605, the Dutch East India Company established their first Indian factories at Machilipatnam and Nizampatnam. In 1610, they built a factory at Pulicat and in 1652, they built a factory at Palakollu.
- French Andhra: regions of coastal Andhra including entire Yanam which were under French influence, occupation and rule.
- Portuguese Andhra (1598-1610): regions of coastal Andhra which were under Portuguese influence and occupation, but not rule.
- Andhra Paris, as Tenali was once known during French occupation of coastal Andhra.
- Coastal Andhra, a coastal region on the eastern coast of India in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It comprises parts of Coromandel and Circars.
- Adi Andhrapalli, is a small Village/hamlet in the middle of West Godavari-Krishna Districts.
- Andhra State, 1953–1956, precursor to Andhra Pradesh. Coastal and Ceded regions were part of this state. Rayalaseema was originally referred to as Ceded. It is historically incorrect to refer to just the ceded as Rayalaseema as Srikrishnadevaraya ruled a better part of the Coastal Andhra as well. It was named as Rayalaseema by Chilukuri Narayana Rao to indicate the region ceded by Nizams and only to differentiate it from the other regions ceded by Nizams at the time of that surrender.
- Andhra Pradesh, 1956–2014, a state in southern India which included Naizam, Coastal and Ceded.
- Andhra Pradesh, 2014–present, a state in southern India which includes, Coastal Andhra and Ceded.
- Andhra Ghach, a state in southern Pakistan. In the region of Hindukush.
- Andhra Bhasha, a language of which Nannayya's Andhra Mahabharatam is the foremost classic.
- Andhra Mahasabha, a people's organization in Madras Presidency
- Nizam Andhra Mahasabha, a people's organization (expansion of Madras Presidency's Andhra Mahasabha) in the erstwhile Hyderabad State. Founded by the members who founded the Andhra Mahasabha of Madras Presidency in order to address issues of the Telugu people in Nizam state.
- Andhra Maha Vishnu or Andhra Vallabha, a legendary divine warrior such as Lord Rama.
- Andhra Matha, a motherly personification of Andhra during 1920's Satyagraha movements—Machilipatnam Satyagraha, Palnadu Satyagraha, Chirala-Perala Satyagraha.
- Andhra Vishnu or Adi Vishnu or Andhra Vallabha or Andhra Nayaka or Andhra Raya or Andhra Madhusudhana or Sri Kaakolani naatha are names of Lord Sreekaakulaandhra Mahaavishnuvu of Srikakulam (first capital of Telingana, the epicentre, crux, core and nucleus of original Telingana) on the banks of Krishna River, the founder of Trilinga Desa (Telingana) and the family god of all Andhras or Satavahanas. Sri Krishnadevaraya visited his temple in Srikakulam (Krishna District) which is about 50 km from Vijayawada and paid homage to the deity. It was here that Raya wrote the literary classic, Amuktamalyada at the order of the Lord. Reference: Proceedings and Transactions of the ...All-India Oriental Conference ..., Volume 10, 1940. It is Andhra Vishnu who had said "...dESa BhAShalandu telugu lessa" and ordered Sri Krishnadevaraya to adopt Telugu as the official language of his province. People often mistake that Sri Krishnadevaraya had said so.
- Andhra Vyakarna Pitamaha, is Sage Kanva who lived at the court of Andhraraya, the founder of Trilinga Desa with its capital at Srikakulam on the banks of River Krishna.
- Andhra Kavisarvabhowma, meaning the emperor among poets is the title given to the 14th century poet Srinatha. He was the brother-in-law of poet Potana. This is exquisitely mentioned by Potana himself in his literature. Yr Born 1365.
- Andhra Pada Kavitha Pitamaha, is the title given to Annamacharya. Yr Born 1409
- Andhra Bhoja, is the title given to Sri Krishnadevaraya. Yr Born 1471.
- Andhra Kavitha Pitamaha, is the title given to Allasani Peddana
- Andhra Raja Ram Mohan Roy, is the title given to Kandukuri Veeresalingam. Yr Born 1848.
- Andhra Nataka Pitamaha, is the title given to Dharmavaram Ramakrishnamacharyulu. Yr Born 1853
- Andhra Abhyudaya Kavitha Pithamaha, is the title given to Gurazada Apparao. Yr Born 1862.
- Andhra Valmiki, is the title given to Vavilakolanu Subba Rao for translating Valmiki's Ramayana. Yr Born 1863.
- Andhra Shakespeare, is the title given to Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao. Yr Born 1865
- Andhra Kesari, is the title given to Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu. Yr Born 1872.
- Andhra Pitamaha, is the title given to Madapati Hanumantha Rao for his services to Andhra Mahasabhas in Madras Presidency and Nizam's Province. Yr Born 1885.
- Andhra Ratna, an Indian freedom fighter, Duggirala Gopalakrishnayya. Yr Born 1889.
- Andhra Shelly, is the title given to Devulapalli Krishnasastri. Yr Born 1897.
- Andhra Nightingale, is the title given to Kalyanam Raghuramaiah (popularly known as Eelapata Raghuramaiah) by Rabindranath Tagore. Yr Born 1901
- Andhra Gandhi, is the title given to Padmabhushan Vavilala Gopalakrishnayya. Yr Born 1906.
- Andhra Tagore, is the title given to Bezawada Gopala Reddy. Yr Born 1907.
- Andhra Chalanachitra Pitamaha, is the title given to Raghupathi Venkaiah Naidu. Yr Born 1909
- Andhra Vachana Kavitha Pitamaha, is the title given to Kundurti Anjaneyulu. Yr Born 1922.
- Andhra Natasarvabhouma or Viswa Vikhyatha Nata Sarvabhouma, is the title given to N. T. Rama Rao for his roles of historical and puranic characters. Yr Born 1923.
- Andhra Christians, Christian people of Andhra Pradesh
- Andhra Muslims, Muslim people of Andhra Pradesh
- Adi Andhra, a caste in Coastal Andhra (mostly in Godavari districts, Krishna, Guntur, Prakasam, Nellore), Chittoor district and Northern Tamil Nadu, akin to Mala and Madiga people of Madras Presidency.
- Andhra Shiridi, a Sai Baba temple in Balabhadrapuram, Andhra Pradesh
- Andhra Kasi, another name of Draksharamam on the banks of Godavari.
- Andhra-Christian College, a Protestant Christian college in Guntur, Andhra Pradesh. Established in 1885.
- Andhra Medical College, a medical college in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Established in 1923.
- Andhra University, a university in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Established in 1926.
- Andhra Loyola College, a Jesuit educational institution in Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh. Established in 1954.
- Andhra University College of Engineering, an autonomous college of Andhra University in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Established in 1955.
- Andhra Mahila Sabha Arts & Science College for Women, Hyderabad. Established in 1968 by Durgabai Deshmukh, Rajahmundry.
- Andhra Muslim College, Guntur. Established in 1984.
- Andhra Kesari, a 1983 historical Telugu film on the life of Tanguturi Prakasam
- Andhrawala, a 2004 action thriller Telugu movie starring N. T. Rama Rao Jr..
- Andhrudu, a 2005 Telugu film starring Gopichand and Gowri Pandit
- Andhra Andagadu, a 2008 Telugu comedy film starring Krishna Bhagavan, Suman Setty, and Kondavalasa Lakshmana Rao
- Andhra Patrika, a daily Telugu language newspaper. Founded in 1909.
- Andhra Prabha, a Telugu language daily newspaper. Founded in 1938.
- Andhra Bhoomi, a Telugu daily newspaper
- Andhra Jyothy, a Telugu daily newspaper
- Andhra Bank, a nationalised commercial bank in India
- Andhra Jateva Kalashala Ground, a cricket ground in Machilipatnam, Andhra Pradesh
- Andhra Natyam, a classical dance originating from East Godavari in Andhra Pradesh
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