Andhra

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Andhra may refer to:

Kingdoms and geographical regions[edit]

  • Andhra, a tribe or kingdom mentioned in Aitareya Brahmana of Rigveda and in the epics Ramayana and Mahabharata. Andhra in Sanskrit-Telugu or Andha in Pali.
  • Andhra Kingdom or Maha-Andhra, was the domain of the Satavahana dynasty with its capital at Dharanikota or Dhanyakataka. It was referred to as Andrae Indi by the Tabula Peutingeriana which are presumed to be earlier than Ptolemy.
  • Andhra Dynasty also known as Satavahana dynasty, ruled the South and Central India and its surroundings from the 3rd century BCE to the mid 3rd century CE.
  • Andhra Ikshvakulu, one of the earliest recorded ruling dynasties of the Krishna-Guntur areas with capital at Nagarjunakonda or Vijayapuri in Macherla mandal in Guntur district. Ancient Vijayapuri refers to South Vijayapuri in Guntur district.
  • Andhranagari, another name of Amaravathi mandal comprising Dharanikota village (Dhanyakatakam) and Amaravathi village, Guntur district, traditionally recognized as the capital of Andhra dynasty of the Satavahana Kingdom.
  • Andhrapuramu or Andhranagaramu, other names of original Vengi Kingdom. Later expanded to include Orugallu, the capital of Kakateeyas when Telugu province of Vengi came under their rule and westward migration occurred to the capital.
  • British Andhra: Kostha and 1800's Ceded Telugu regions, which were under British influence, occupation and rule. English East India Company established a factory in 1611 at Machilipatnam.
  • Danish Andhra: regions of coastal Andhra including Machilipatnam which were under Danish influence and settlement, but not occupation or rule. A Danish possession was established in 1625 in Machilipatnam.
  • Dutch Andhra: regions of coastal Andhra including Machilipatnam, Pulicat, etc., that were under Dutch influence. Dutch East India Company was founded in 1602. In 1605, the Dutch East India Company established their first Indian factories at Machilipatnam and Nizampatnam. In 1610, they built a factory at Pulicat and in 1652, they built a factory at Palakollu.
  • French Andhra: regions of coastal Andhra including Machilipatnam and entire Yanam which were under French influence, establishment, and may or may not be considered direct rule.
  • Portuguese Andhra (1598–1610): Machilipatnam and its surrounding towns which were under Portuguese influence and settlement, but not rule.
  • Andhra Paris, as Tenali was once known during French settlement of coastal Andhra.
  • Coastal Andhra, a coastal region on the eastern coast of India in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It comprises Northern Coromandel and Circars including Ganjam.
  • Adi Andhrapalli, is a small Village/hamlet in the middle of West Godavari-Krishna Districts.
  • Andhra State, 1953–1956, precursor to Andhra Pradesh. Kostha (Circars (excluding Ganjam which was also part of Circars), Nellore), and Ceded (excluding Bellary which was also part of Ceded) regions were part of this state. Rayalaseema was originally referred to as Ceded. It is historically incorrect to refer to just the 1800s ceded Telugu regions as Rayalaseema as Srikrishnadevaraya ruled most of the Coastal Andhra as well. It was named as Rayalaseema by Chilukuri Narayana Rao to indicate the region ceded by Nizams of Hyderabad in 1800 and only to differentiate it from the other regions ceded by Nizams at the time of that surrender. Circars were ceded much earlier than Ceded districts.
  • Andhra Pradesh, 1956–2014, a state in southern India which included Naizam, Kostha (Circars (excluding Ganjam which was also part of Circars) and Nellore), and Ceded (excluding Bellary which was also part of Ceded).
  • Andhra Pradesh, 2014–present, a state in southern India which includes Kostha (Circars (excluding Ganjam which was also part of Circars), Nellore), and Ceded (excluding Bellary which was also part of Ceded). It is referred to usually as Navya-Andhra.
  • Andhra Ghach, is a village in Chitral District and Hindu Kush area of Pakistan.

Alternative names of ancient Andhra Kingdom[edit]

  • Andhra-avani
  • Andhra-bhumi
  • Andhra-desa
  • Andhra-mandala
  • Andhra-patha
  • Andhra-vishaya

Demonyms[edit]

  • Andhrabhritya
  • Andhran
  • Andhrite, an Indian English demonym denoting one belonging or related to Andhra
  • Andhrudu, one belonging or related to Andhra.
  • Andhrulu, group of people belonging or related to Andhra.

Languages[edit]

  • Andhra Bhasha or Andhramu (Samskritised Telugu or combination of Telugu and Sanskrit which originated and matured between the Andhra Ikshvaku and Eastern Chalukyan periods), a language of which Nannayya's Andhra Mahabharatam is the foremost classic. It has a 56-letter alphabet.

Personifications[edit]

  • Andhra Matha, a motherly personification of Andhra during 1920's Satyagraha movements—Machilipatnam Satyagraha, Palnadu Satyagraha, Chirala-Perala Satyagraha.

Holy places[edit]

  • Andhra Kasi, another name of Daksharama on the banks of Godavari.
  • Andhra Maha Vishnu or Andhra Vallabha temple in Srikakulam (the capital of original Trilinga Desa with boundaries covering Draksharamam, Kaleswaram and Srisailam) in Krishna District of Andhra Pradesh. The temple is dedicated to Lord Srikakulandhra Maha Vishnu, the Family Deity of all Andhras, the founder of Trilinga Desa or Telingana or Telangana (not the boundaries of present-day Telangana).
  • Andhra Shiridi, a Sai Baba temple in Balabhadrapuram, Andhra Pradesh

Mythological and divine beings[edit]

  • Andhra Maha Vishnu or Andhra Vallabha or Sreekakulandhra Mahavishnu, the originator and founder of Trilinga Desa. He was the legendary divine warrior such as Lord Rama. He was the very first ruler of the Trilinga Desa (originally comprising the region between Srisailam, Kaleswaram and Bheemeswaram with the first capital at Srikakulam on the banks of river Krishna, later expanded to other regions during Vengi and Kakateeya periods, currently corruptly called as Telangana which encompasses not the original regions of ancient Trilinga due to political events that occurred after Nizam's sold the Circars and Ceded regions to the British). He was the God of all the Telugus. Trilinga or Telinga is the Region and Andhra is the tribe.

Titles[edit]

  • Andhra Vishnu or Adi Vishnu or Andhra Vallabha or Andhra Nayaka or Andhra Raya or Andhra Madhusudhana or Sri Kaakolani naatha are names of Lord Sreekaakulaandhra Mahaavishnuvu of Srikakulam (first capital of Telingana, the epicentre, crux, core and nucleus of original Telingana) on the banks of Krishna River, the founder of Trilinga Desa (Telingana) and the family god of all Andhras or Satavahanas. Andhra Vishnu is also known as Andhra Pathi, meaning Lord of the Andhras. Sri Krishnadevaraya visited his temple in Srikakulam (Krishna District) which is about 50 km from Vijayawada and paid homage to the deity. It was here that Raya wrote the literary classic, Amuktamalyada at the order of the Lord. Reference: Proceedings and Transactions of the ...All-India Oriental Conference ..., Volume 10, 1940. It is Andhra Vishnu who had said "...dESa BhAShalandu telugu lessa" and ordered Sri Krishnadevaraya to adopt Telugu as the official language of his province. People often mistake that Sri Krishnadevaraya had said so.
  • Andhra Vyakarna Pitamaha, is Sage Kanva who lived at the court of Andhraraya, the founder of Trilinga Desa with its capital at Srikakulam, Krishna district on the banks of River Krishna.
  • Andhra Purna or Vatu Purna or Vaduga Nambi, was the closest attached adherent of Ramanujacharya.
  • Andhradesaadheeswara, is the title given to Kaapayya Nayaka or Krishna Nayaka of the Musunuri Nayaka clan.
  • Andhra Kavi Sarvabhouma, meaning the emperor among poets is the title given to the 14th century poet Srinatha. He was the brother-in-law of poet Potana. This is exquisitely mentioned by Potana himself in his literature. Yr Born 1365.
  • Andhra Pada Kavitha Pitamaha, is the title given to Annamacharya. Yr Born 1409
  • Andhra Bhoja, is the title given to Sri Krishnadevaraya. Yr Born 1471.
  • Andhra Kavitha Pitamaha (Grandfather of Telugu Poetry), is the title given to Allasani Peddana
  • Andhra Raja Ram Mohan Roy, is the title given to Kandukuri Veeresalingam. Yr Born 1848.
  • Andhra Nataka Pitamaha (Grandfather of Telugu Stage Drama), is the title given to Dharmavaram Ramakrishnamacharyulu. Yr Born 1853
  • Andhra Charitraka Nataka Pitamaha, is the title given to Kolachalam Srinivasa Rao. Yr Born 1854
  • Andhra Abhyudaya Kavitha Pithamaha, is the title given to Gurazada Apparao. Yr Born 1862.
  • Andhra Valmiki, is the title given to Vavilakolanu Subba Rao for translating Valmiki's Ramayana. Yr Born 1863.
  • Andhra Vyavaharika Bhasha Pitamaha, is the title given to Gidugu Venkata Ramamoorty. Yr Born 1863.
  • Andhra Harikatha Pitamaha, is the title given to Ajjada Adibhatla Narayana Das. Yr Born 1864.
  • Andhra Shakespeare, is the title given to Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao. Yr Born 1865
  • Andhra Kesari, is the title given to Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu. Yr Born 1872.
  • Andhra Pitamaha, is the title given to Madapati Hanumantha Rao for his services to Andhra Mahasabhas in Madras Presidency and Nizam's Province. Yr Born 1885.
  • Andhra Visaradha, is the title bestowed on Tapi Dharma Rao by the religious head of Sringeri Pitham. Yr Born 1887.
  • Andhra Ratna, an Indian freedom fighter, Duggirala Gopalakrishnayya. Yr Born 1889.
  • Andhra Granthalaya Pitamaha or Bharateeya Granthalaya Pitamaha (Grandfather or Architect of Public Library Movement in India), Iyyanki Venkata Ramanayya. Yr Born 1890.
  • Andhra Kavi Samrat, is the title given to Viswanatha Satyanarayana. Yr Born 1895.
  • Andhra Shelly, is the title given to Devulapalli Krishnasastri. Yr Born 1897.
  • Andhra Chitraparisrama Pitamaha (Grandfather of Telugu Theatre Movement), is the title given to Chittajallu Pullaiah. Yr Born 1898.
  • Andhra Nightingale, is the title given to Kalyanam Raghuramaiah (popularly known as Eelapata Raghuramaiah) by Rabindranath Tagore. Yr Born 1901
  • Andhra Gandhi, is the title given to Padmabhushan Vavilala Gopalakrishnayya. Yr Born 1906.
  • Andhra Tagore, is the title given to Bezawada Gopala Reddy. Yr Born 1907.
  • Andhra Chalanachitra Pitamaha, is the title given to Raghupathi Venkaiah Naidu. Yr Born 1909
  • Andhra Abhyudaya Burrakatha Pitamaha, is the title given to Mikkilineni Radhakrishna Murthy. Yr Born 1914.
  • Andhra Kalhana, is the title given to Madhunapantula Satyanarayana Sastry. Yr Born 1920.
  • Andhra Vachana Kavitha Pitamaha, is the title given to Kundurti Anjaneyulu. Yr Born 1922.
  • Andhra Nata Sarvabhouma or Viswa Vikhyatha Nata Sarvabhouma, is the title given to N. T. Rama Rao for his roles of historical and puranic characters. Yr Born 1923.

Female given names in Andhra Pradesh[edit]

  • AndhraaNi
  • Andhraangana
  • Andhraakshi: Such as Meenakshi, Padmakshi, Visalakshi, etc.
  • Andhraja: Such as Jalaja, Padmaja, Pankaja, Vanaja, etc.
  • Andhralatha: Such as Padmalatha, Swarnalatha, etc.
  • Andhrama: Such as Chandrama, etc.
  • Andhramathi: Such as Chandramathi, Madhumathi, etc.
  • Andhramayi: Such as Sudhamayi
  • Andhramma: 'amma' is a respectful denotation.
  • Andhrangi: Such as Chandrangi, Mathangi, Padmangi, etc.
  • Andhrangini:
  • Andhraprada: Such as Jayaprada
  • Andhrika: Such as Chandrika, Avantika, etc.
  • Andhrima: Such as Madhurima, Purnima, etc.

Male given names in Andhra Pradesh[edit]

  • Andhraj: Such as Pankaj, etc.
  • Andhranna: 'anna' is a respectful denotation.
  • Andhrappa: 'appa' is a respectful denotation.
  • Andhrayya or Andhrarya: 'ayya' is a respectful denotation equal to 'arya'
  • Andhrik: a modern name.
  • Andhrudu: such as Ramudu (Lord Rama)
  • Andhra Vishnu: by the name of Lord SrikakulAndhra Mahavishnu

Ethnic groups[edit]

  • Andhra Christians, Christian people of Andhra Pradesh
  • Andhra Muslims, Muslim people of Andhra Pradesh
  • Adi Andhra, a caste in Coastal Andhra (mostly in Godavari districts, Krishna, Guntur, Prakasam, Nellore), Chittoor district and Northern Tamil Nadu, akin to Mala and Madiga people of Madras Presidency.

Organizations[edit]

Educational institutions[edit]

Movies[edit]

News Media[edit]

Other[edit]