Andhra Bank

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Andhra Bank
Public sector undertaking
Financial services
FateMerged with Union Bank of India
SuccessorUnion Bank of India
Founded28 November 1923; 96 years ago (1923-11-28)
FounderBhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya
Defunct1 April 2020 (2020-04-01)
Areas served
Key people
J. Packirisamy
(MD & CEO)
ProductsConsumer banking, Credit cards, corporate banking, finance and insurance, private banking, wealth management, Agricultural Loans
RevenueIncrease20,977.26 crore (US$2.9 billion) (2018-19)[1]
Decrease5,023.12 crore (US$700 million) (2018-19))[1]
Increase-2,786.13 crore (US$−390 million) (2018-19)[1]
Total assetsIncrease 249,311.41 crore (US$35 billion) (2018-19)[1]
Number of employees
20,346 (2018-19)[1]
Capital ratio13.68% (2018-19)[1]

Andhra Bank (BSE532418, NSEANDHRABANK) was a medium-sized public sector bank (PSB) of India, with a network of 2885 branches, 4 extension counters, 38 satellite offices and 3798 automated teller machines (ATMs) as of 31 March 2019.[2] During 2011–12, the bank entered the states of Tripura and Himachal Pradesh. The bank operated in 25 states and three Union Territories. Andhra Bank had its headquarters in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. As per the announcements made by Minister of Finance (India) in August 2019,[3][4] Andhra Bank merged with Union Bank of India in April 2020.

The Government of India owned 90.85% of its share capital as on 31 March 2019. The state owned Life Insurance Corporation of India holds 7.80% of the shares. The bank had done a total business of 3,106 billion (US$44 billion) and has earned a net profit of 5.40 billion (US$76 million) for the Financial Year 2015–16.Cabinet approved merger of Andhra Bank & Corporation Bank into Union Bank on 04.03.2020.Board of directors of bank earlier approved merger into union bank on 13.09.2019.[5]


Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya, founder of Andhra Bank

Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya founded Andhra Bank in 1923 in Machilipatnam, Andhra Pradesh.[6] Raja Yarlagadda Sivarama Prasad was the individual who committed the financial resources for starting the institution.[6] The bank was registered on 20 November 1923 and commenced business on 28 November 1923 with a paid up capital of 100,000 (US$1,400) and an authorised capital of 1 million (US$14,000) In 1956, linguistic division of States was promulgated and Hyderabad was made the capital of Andhra Pradesh. The registered office of the bank was subsequently shifted to Andhra Bank Buildings, Sultan Bazar, Hyderabad. In the second phase of nationalisation of commercial banks commenced in April 1980, the bank became a wholly Government-owned. In 1964 the bank merged with Bharat Lakshmi Bank and further consolidated its position in Andhra Pradesh.[Note 1]

India First Life Insurance Company is a life insurance company in India. It is a joint venture between two of India's public sector banks – Bank of Baroda (44%) and Andhra Bank (30%), and UK's financial and investment company Legal & General (26%). It was incorporated in November 2009. It has its headquarters in Mumbai. India First Life made more than 2 billion (US$28 million) in turnover in just four and half months since the insurance company became operational. India First Life insurance company is headquartered in Mumbai. India First is the first life insurance company to be recommended for ISO certification within 7 months of inception.

On 30 August 2019, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced that Andhra Bank and Corporation Bank would be merged into Union Bank of India. The proposed merger would make Union Bank of India the fifth largest public sector bank in the country with assets of 14.59 lakh crore (US$200 billion) and 9,609 branches.[7][8] The Board of Directors of Andhra Bank approved the merger on 13 September.[9][10] The Union Cabinet approved the merger on 4 March, and it was completed on 1 April 2020.[11]

Products and services[edit]

Andhra Bank at Koti, Hyderabad
Andhra Bank Complex at Dwaraka Nagar, Visakhapatnam

Andhra Bank introduced Internet Banking Facility (AB INFI-net) to all customers of cluster linked branches. Rail Ticket Booking Facility is made available to all debit card holders as well as to internet banking customers through IRCTC Website through a separate gateway. Corporate Website is available in English, Hindi and Telugu Languages communicating Bank's image and information. Bank has been given 'BEST BANK AWARD' a banking technology award by IDRBT, Hyderabad for extensive use of IT in Semi Urban and Rural Areas on 2 September 2006.[12] IBA Jointly with TFCI has conferred the Joint Runner-up Award to the Bank in the Best Payments initiative category[13] in recognition of outstanding achievement of the Bank in promoting ATM Channel.[citation needed]

International expansion[edit]

Andhra Bank opened a representative office in Dubai in May 2006 and another at Jersey City, New Jersey, in June 2009.[citation needed]

In 2010 Malaysia awarded a commercial banking license to a locally incorporated bank to be jointly owned by Bank of Baroda, Indian Overseas Bank and Andhra Bank. The new bank, India International Bank (Malaysia), is based in Kuala Lumpur. Andhra Bank will hold a 25% stake in the joint-venture. Bank of Baroda will own 40% and IOB the remaining 35%.

Andhra Bank entered MoU with Bank of Baroda and Legal & General Group of UK to form a joint venture life insurance company IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company. The shareholders' agreement has already been signed and necessary formalities are being completed for setting up of the company. The JV Company is already incorporated in June'08 and is in the process of filing for approvals from IRDA etc. IndiaFirst has commenced operations.

Community involvement[edit]

Andhra Bank, along with A P State Government, NABARD, Canara Bank, Indian Bank, IOB and SBH sponsored the Andhra Pradesh Banker's Institute of Entrepreneurship Development, which will offer training to unemployed youth for improving their skills in Andhra Pradesh.

Andhra Bank adopted Gundugolanu village, West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh – the birthplace of its founder, Dr. Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya. A comprehensive budget with an outlay of 55.5 million (US$780,000) was finalised for improving health, sanitation, education and social service facilities in the village.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya had founded Bharat Lakshmi Bank in 1920 at Bezawada. At the time of the take-over Bharat Lakshmi Bank had 16 branches, including one each in Delhi and New Delhi.


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Balance Sheet 31.03.2019".
  2. ^ "FY 2015-16 Press Release" (PDF). Andhra Bank. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 August 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  3. ^ "Union Bank, Andhra Bank, Corporation Bank merger". BusinessToday.
  4. ^ "Merger of Andhra Bank with Union Bank of India hurts self-esteem of State: CPI". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 4 September 2019. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 27 September 2019.CS1 maint: others (link)
  5. ^ "Andra Bank Board approves merger with Union Bank Of India".
  6. ^ a b Damodaran, H. (25 June 2008). India's New Capitalists: Caste, Business, and Industry in a Modern Nation. Springer. p. 99. ISBN 9780230594128.
  7. ^ "Government unveils mega bank merger to revive growth from 5-year low". Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  8. ^ Writer, Staff (30 August 2019). "10 public sector banks to be merged into four". Mint. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  9. ^ "Andhra Bank board okays merger with UBI". The Hindu. 13 September 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  10. ^ "Andhra Bank board okays merger with Union Bank of India". The Economic Times. 13 September 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  11. ^ Ghosh, Shayan (5 March 2020). "Three banks announce merger ratios". Livemint. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  12. ^ "IDRBT - Banking Technology Excellence Awards". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  13. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 April 2007. Retrieved 2015-07-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]