Andhra Medical College
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ఆంధ్ర వైద్య కళాశాల
|Motto||Ne Quid Nimis
(Let there be nothing in Excess)
|Established||19 July 1923|
|Principal||Dr. P. V. Sudhakar|
|Undergraduates||200 per year (MBBS)|
|Postgraduates||164 per year|
|Address||Maharanipeta, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India|
Andhra Medical College is a premier medical institution in Andhra Pradesh, India; it is affiliated to NTR University of Health Sciences. It is the oldest medical college in Andhra Pradesh & 6th oldest in India. It is one of the colleges recognized by Medical Council of India Present Vice Chancellor of Dr NTR University of Health Sciences Dr T. Ravi Raju is a former student of Andhra Medical College.
The recorded onset of medical education in Visakhapatnam can be traced to 1902, when the Victoria Diamond Jubilee Medical School was set up in the Old Post Office area supported by Maharajah Sir Goday Narayana Gajapathi Rao and Maharani Lady Goday Chittijanakiammah.
Some years later, the Medical School was presumably shifted to the site of the present Anatomy Block. There were 50 students in the first batch who were trained for the Licentiate Certificate Standard A.
The school building was then commissioned as Medical College, Vizagapatnam and started operations on 1 July 1923, with 32 students. The college was opened informally on 7 July 1923, by Captain Frederick Jasper Anderson, IMS, officiating as principal who was also the professor of anatomy and surgery. The Medical College was formally opened on 19 July 1923, by the Honorable Diwan Bahadur Rajah Panuganti Ramarayaningar, MA, minister for Local Self Government Department, the then Chief Minister of Madras, Tamil Nadu state and minister for health.
Andhra Medical College emblem was designed by Dr. F. J. Anderson, the first principal.
'Ne Quid Nimis', the motto of Andhra Medical College, means "Let there be nothing in excess." Students are taught that even medicinal therapy must not be given in excess; thus they solemnly resolve to show moderation in all things and prevent any imbalance in the functions of college's alma mater.
|1.||Lt. Col. F.J. Anderson||Professor of Surgery||1923|
|2.||Lt. Col. F.C. Frazer||Professor of Surgery||1927||1928|
|3.||Dr. T. S. Tirumurti||Professor of Pathology||1930||1930|
|4.||Major J. W. Ebden||Professor of Surgery||1933||1933|
|5.||Major F.M.Collins||Professor of Surgery||1937||1938|
|6.||Major J.F. Shepherd||Professor of Surgery||1939||1941|
|7.||Major F.A.B. Shepherd||Professor of Surgery||1941||1945|
|8.||Dr. T. Bhaskara Menon||Professor of Pathology||1945||1948|
|9.||Dr. N. G. Pandalai||Professor of Bacteriology||1948||1951|
|10.||Dr. M. V. Ramana Murthy||Professor of Surgery||1951||1951|
|11.||Dr. T. K. Raman||Professor of Medicine||1951||1953|
|12.||Dr. M. D. Anantachari||Professor of Medicine||1953||1954|
|13.||Dr. D. Govinda Reddy||Professor of Pathology||1954||1956|
|14.||Dr. S. Venkateswarlu||Professor of Radiology||1956||1956|
|15.||Dr. G. V. Satyanarayana Murty||Professor of Medicine||1956||1959|
|16.||Dr. K. Ramesh Pai||Professor of Surgery||1960||1960|
|17.||Dr. P. Narasimha Rao||Professor of ENT||1960||1964|
|18.||Dr. V. S. Raghunathan||Professor of Medicine||1964||1966|
|19.||Dr. P. Brahmayya Sastry||Professor of Physiology||1964||1966|
|20.||Dr. M. Y. Ansari||Professor of Pharmacology||1965||1966|
|21.||Dr. D. Raghavendra Rao||Professor of Thoracic Surgery||1969||1971|
|22.||Dr. R. Satyabhama Reddy||Professor of Gynecology||1969||1974|
|23.||Dr. B. Shanmukheswara Rao||Professor of Surgery||1971||1973|
|24.||Dr. L. Suryanarayana||Professor of Surgery||1974||1975|
|25.||Dr. K. Kameswari Devi||Professor of Gynecology||1975||1976|
|26.||Dr. K. Sanjeeva Rao||Professor of Anatomy||1976||1981|
|27.||Dr. C. Sita Devi||Professor of Biochemistry||1981||1984|
|28.||Dr. E. N. B. Sharma||Professor of Surgery||1985||1986|
|29.||Dr. V. S. Dhanraj||Professor of Anesthesia||1986||1987|
|30.||Dr. K. Veerebadhiah||Professor of Surgery||1986||1987|
|31.||Dr. G. Nirmala||Professor of Pharmacology||1986||1998|
|32.||Dr. C. Syamala||Professor of Paediatrics||1992||1995|
|33.||Dr. V. Pranava Murty||Professor of Medicine||1994||2001|
|34.||Dr. P. A. Jayakar||Professor of Bacteriology||1995||1996|
|35.||Dr. R. Venkata Ramana||Professor of Surgery||1996||1997|
|36.||Dr. K. Surya Rao||Professor of Medicine||1997||1997|
|37.||Dr. R. Ahikrishna||Professor of Ophthalmology||1998||1999|
|38.||Dr. K. Akkalanaidu||Professor of ENT||1999||1999|
|39.||Dr. A. Prakasa Rao||Professor of ENT||1999||2000|
|40.||Dr. K. Venugopala Rao||Professor of Pediatric Surgery||2000||2001|
|41.||Dr. Sasiprabha||Professor of Gynecology||2001||2002|
|42.||Dr. K. Raghavaprasad||Professor of SPM||2002||2003|
|43.||Dr. Ch. Gnaneswar||Professor of Medicine||2002||2003|
|44.||Dr. Ronanki Narayana Rao||Professor of Medicine||2003||2006|
|45.||Dr. C. V. Rao||Professor of Plastic Surgery||2006||2008|
|46.||Dr. G. Bhagya Rao||Professor of Psychiatry||2008||2011|
|47.||Dr. Vishnu Prasad||Professor of Neurosurgery||2011||2011|
|48.||Dr. Santha Rao||Professor of Surgery||2012||2012|
|49.||Dr. Kalpana Subrahmanyam (MD)||Professor of Biochemistry||2012||2013|
|50.||Dr. S. V. Kumar||Professor of Surgery||2013||2016|
|51.||Dr T. Radha||Professor of Obstetrics & Gynecology||2016||2017|
|52.||Dr. P. V. Sudhakar||Professor of Plastic Surgery||2017||Present|
Andhra Medical College comprises all the important departments such as Basic Sciences, Para Clinical departments and Clinical departments including all major super specialties with experienced faculty. There are more than 34 departments.
- Department of Anaesthesiology
- Department of Anatomy: The Department was established in 1923. The first Professor was Capt. F. J. Anderson. It has a Museum. There are two artificial human skeletons donated by Dr. R. Krishna Rao. Dr. S. Swaminathan Prize and Dr. Anderson Medal are awarded to meritorious students annually.
- Department of Biochemistry: The Department was started in 1925 as part of Physiology department. Dr. V. K. Narayana Menon was the first professor. Rao Bahadur Dr. V. K. Narayana Menon Medal, Dr. Venkateswarulu Prize, Dr. M. V. V. Krishna Mohan Memorial Prize and Dr C. Sita Devi University Medal awarded annually to meritorious students.
- Department of Cardiology: The Department was started in 1971 as a 25-bedded ward with Intensive Care Unit (ICU). As a result of public contributions and Costal Andhra Heart Foundation, a separate building was constructed exclusively for the Department of Cardiology in 1981. The Department was upgraded to 36-beds and 18-bedded Intensive Cardiac Care Unit. An Intermediate Coronary Care Unit was opened in the year 2001.
- Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery: The Department was started in 1956 with Dr. B. Sundara Rama Murthy as the First Professor. Open Heart Surgery Unit was recently inaugurated on the Second Floor of the Cardiology Block with financial assistance from the Visakhapatnam Steel Plant and Coastal Heart Foundation
- Department of Dental Surgery
- Department of Dermatology
- Department of Endocrinology
- Department of Forensic Medicine
- Department of Gastroenterology
- Department of General Surgery
- Department of Medicine: The Department was set up at the King George Hospital and upgraded in 1923. The acute medical care unit runs for 24 hours. Dr. W. C. Gray was the first professor and head. Jeypore Sri Vikram Deo Varma Medal, Vemuri Sivaji Rao Medal and Dr. P. Kutumbaiah prize are awarded annually.
- Department of Microbiology
- Department of Nephrology
- Department of Neurology
- Department of Neurosurgery: The Department was started in 1956. It is the first neurosurgical unit of Andhra Pradesh. Dr. S. Balaparameswara Rao was its first professor and Head of the Department. An exclusive unit of 'Head Injury and Intensive Care' was started in 1991. Superspeciality course (M.Ch.) was started in 1986.
- Department of Nuclear Medicine
- Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
- Department of Ophthalmology
- Department of Orthopaedics: The Department of Orthopaedic Surgery was set up in 1964 with Dr. C. Vyaghreswarudu as the Head of Department. An 'Artificial Limb Center' was set up in 1983.
- Department of Otorhinolaryngology
- Department of Paediatric Surgery
- Department of Paediatrics
- Department of Pathology: The Department was started in 1923. Dr. T. S. Tirumurti was its first professor. Postgraduate courses were started in 1946. It was upgraded in 1953. The Cytology wing was started in 1996. Dr. T. Bhaskara Menon Memorial prize and Dr. Tatachari medal is annually awarded to meritorious students.
- Department of Pharmacology
- Department of Physiology
- Department of Plastic Surgery
- Department of Psychiatry
- Department of Radiology
- Department of Radiotherapy
- Department of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
- Department of Community Medicine: The Department of Hygiene and Bacteriology was established in 1925. Dr. C. Rama Murty was its first professor. It was renamed as Department of Social and Preventive Medicine in 1955 and now called Department of Community Medicine. The Department gives out Silver Jubilee Celebration Committee Prize and Endowment Medal, Dr. Sonti Dakshinamurthy Prize and Dr. Vallabha Sastry Prize every year.
- Department of Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases
- Department of Urology
Andhra Medical College Central library was established in 1930. By 1987, the library had a collection of 32,000 books and 107 journals.
Recently an independent library building complex was constructed in front of the Panagal building (main building/office) and near the house surgeons and postgraduates men's hostel. The library has been recently renovated and air conditioned. A round the clock reading room is attached to it. The reading room has been air conditioned.
Andhra Medical College is attached with many Government Teaching Hospitals in Visakhapatnam. The students attend their classes in the departments of the teaching hospitals as per their education requirements.
These Teaching Hospitals are attached with the Andhra Medical College:
- King George Hospital (KGH) was inaugurated by Honorable Rajah of Panagal, Chief Minister of Madras on 19 July 1923. It had 192 beds and by 1931-32 increased to 270 beds. These included Gynaecology, Ophthalmology, Maternity, Venerology and Infectious Diseases. There were also the Out Patient Department, X-ray Department, Kitchen, Operation Theatre and Lecture Hall. The Gynaecology and Maternity block with 40 beds was constructed in 1928. Construction works of the Ophthalmic Block with 80 beds was completed in 1932. The Out Patient (OP) block and Casualty was constructed in 1940. A Children's ward with 36 beds was constructed nearby in 1943 and later merged with the Gynaec block. A new administrative block and the twin operation theatres and special ward was constructed in 1951. The need for expansion of the hospital gave rise to construction of the Bhavanagar Ward, which was later inaugurated by Shri Krishna Kumar Sinhji of Bhavnagar, then governor of Madras in December 1949. The 'Rajendra Prasad Ward' was inaugurated by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, then President of India in August 1955 and the 'Amrit Kaur Pediatric Block' was inaugurated by Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, then Union Minister of Health in January 1956. The new Cardiology Block with Intensive Cardiac Care Unit (ICCU) was inaugurated in June 1986 and subsequently, the first and second floors with the Open Heart Surgery Unit. The 24-hour Clinical laboratory block was renovated in 1992. The Nuclear Medicine block, the first-of-its-kind in the state government was opened on 8 October 1993. The new 'STD Out Patient block' was inaugurated in November 2000. Presently work is going in constructing super specialty blocks in King George Hospital.
- Government Victoria Hospital was originally a private hospital named after Queen Victoria. It was donated by the late Maharajah Sri G.N. Gajapathi Rao, KCIE in 1894. In 1949, the Government of Madras took over its administration. The hospital has three units with 147 beds and has recently been renovated with new blocks.
- Government Hospital For Mental Care an exclusive hospital for mental care was constructed in 1871 to accommodate 94 patients. Later the capacity grew to about 300 patients.
- Rani Chandramani Devi Hospital was started in 1965 as per the will of the late Rani of Chemudu, Chandramani Devi who was concerned and moved by the plight of handicapped children in the district. The department was initially operating under private management as a 30-bedded hospital. It was later taken over by the Government of Andhra Pradesh in 1967. The bed strength was increased to 70 in 1976. A well equipped Operation Theatre was opened in 1977.
- Government Hospital for Chest and Communicable Diseases was started in 1961 at Seetammadhara about 3 km from the Andhra Medical College. The department of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases has 240 beds in 4 wards, the Respiratory Intensive Care Unit (RICU) and Emergency Ward, Mahatma Gandhi Ward for non-tuberculosis lung diseases. The Department of Communicable Diseases is situated opposite the TB Hospital. It has 48 beds in 4 wards. Now this Hospital has been shifted to a spacious place in Waltair opposite the Hospital for Mental Care
- Regional Eye Hospital The 75-bedded Ophthalmology department was shifted from King George Hospital to its present site in Seethammadhara near the TB Hospital in 1981. The present new building was completed in 1988. The new 'Regional Eye Hospital' has been fully functional since 1990. The bed strength has been increased to 200 with two main Operation Theatres.
- The ENT Hospital has been shifted to a new building in Waltair near the Hospital for Mental Care from King George Hospital.
The Andhra Medical College provides separate hostels for men, women, house-surgeons and postgraduates.
- AMC Women's Hostel was built in 1942. The hostel has a capacity of accommodating 175 students and has a play ground, reading rooms, recreational centre and library.
- AMC Men's Hostel is in an area of 18 acres (73,000 m2). It was built during the year 1952 with a total of 262 rooms. The hostel has a dining hall, reading room, TV room and recreational centre for indoor games.
- Hostel for House-surgeons and Postgraduates was built in 1965.
Each hostel has a resident warden with independent quarter, who holds immediate authority over the hostel members and is responsible for their overall discipline. A mess with vegetarian and non-vegetarian meals is attached to each hostel.
The wings of AMC
- The Institutional Ethics Committee was set up before the Medical Council of India made it mandatory. It regularly meets and evaluates several research projects to grant ethical approval.
- The AMC Research Forum was inaugurated by Dr. C. R. R. M. Reddy and aims to promote research activities among the faculty and students of the college. Besides conducting training programs, it conducts an open competition for medical research giving prizes to research papers in various categories. It has successfully helped initiating two annual gold medals for Postgraduate research papers by sponsors.
- The Medical Education Cell was set up under the able guidance from Dr. C.Syamalamma and voluntary contributions. It is publishing a quarterly bulletin, Medi-Ed, the Cell conducts Foundation, Orientation and Preparatory courses for new entrants into the MBBS course, House-surgeons and Postgraduates. With handsome donation from a former alumnus Dr. P. Subba Reddy, the Cell was named in memory of his late wife Smt. Pallamreddi Sitamma Memorial Medical Education Cell.
- Rasamayi was set up under the stewardship of Dr. Ahikrishna and Dr. V. Pranava Murthy to foster the cultural talent in faculty and students of the college. It has conducted several programs in classical music, light music, dance, painting, photography, and many other art forms.
- Prakriti is a forum for social, environmental and other issues. This body attempts to provide a forum to sensitize and discuss non-medical issues and seek appropriate solutions.
Dr R Rednam Surya Prasada Rao professor of ophthalmology who trained many ophthalmologist is considered teacher per excellence As an honor Government Regional Eye Hospital was named after him.
Dr M Suryanarayana Murthy professor of Ophthalmology was considered as one of the greatest teachers which Andhra Medical College ever produced. His encyclopedic knowledge use to enthrall the students. He was called the "Walking Duke Elder" ho wrote 16 volumes on eye called the system of Ophthalmology.
Andhra Medical College Old Student's Association (AMCOSA) was formed by the efforts of Prof. P. Brahmayya Sastry and Dr. C. Vyaghreswarudu. The first AMCOSA day was celebrated on 28 January 1967, which was inaugurated by Lt.Col. Dr. M. V. Ramana Murthy, who was the last Surgeon General of the combined Madras Province.
According to the drafted constitution, the aims of AMCOSA were to gradually bring all the old students of the college under one roof, to promote fraternity and fellowship, to promote good will for its multifaceted development, to propagate the achievements of the teachers and alumni of the college as an inspiration to the younger generation and to come together once a year, to greet each other and relive the student days.
The first goal was to build an office for the association and to provide accommodation to the alma mater during their visit to Visakhapatnam. The government allotted 4000 square yards of land in the premises of Alapati Doctors Quarters on a lease of 99 years (vide G.O.Ms.No.2187H/ dt.3.12.1970). The foundation stone for the AMCOSA Golden Jubilee Guest House was laid on 23 March 1971 by the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh Sri Kasu Brahmananda Reddy.
- T. Prabhakar, Vice-Chancellor of Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences.
- Hilda Mary Lazarus, Principal of AMC and Superintendent of KGH.
- M. G. Kini, Professor of Orthopedics.
- B. V. Satyanarayana (1927–2005), Professor of Dermatology.
- V. Ramalingaswami (1921–2001), eminent Nutritional Scientist and recipient of Padma Bhushan.
- P. Brahmayya Sastry, Professor of Physiology.
- C. Vyaghreswarudu, Professor of Orthopaedics. Dharma Rao orthopedics
- K. N. Rao, former Director of Health and Medical Sciences.
- P. Kutumbaiah, Professor of Medicine.
- Kakarla Subba Rao, Professor of Radiology and Director, Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences.
- L. Suryanarayana, Professor of Surgery, Principal of AMC and Vice-Chancellor, NTR University of Health Sciences.
- P. Siva Reddy (1920–2005), Professor of Ophthalmology and Director of Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital.
- Ponduri Venkata Ramana Rao (1917–2005), Professor of Microbiology and Director of Institute of Preventive Medicine.
- Sripada Pinakapani, General Physician, Sangeetha Kalanidhi and recipient of Padma Bhushan.
- Sonti Dakshina Murthy (1899–1975), Professor of Social and Preventive Medicine.
- A. Ranganadha Rao, the first urologist of Andhra Pradesh.
- Raman Viswanathan, Chest physician and Padma Bhushan awardee
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