Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council

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Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council

ఆంధ్రప్రదేశ్ శాసనమండలి
Type
Type
Term limits
6 years
Leadership
M. A. Shareef, TDP
Deputy Chairman
Reddy Subrahmanyam, TDP
Leader of the House
Leader of the Opposition
Structure
Seats58 (50 + 8 Nominated)
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council Sep 2017.svg
Political groups
Government (30)

Opposition (14)

Others (13)

  •   Nominated (8)
  •   PDF (4)
  •   PRTU (1)

Vacant (1)

Elections
Single transferable vote
Meeting place
Andhra Pradesh Secreteriat.jpg
Assembly Building
Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh, India
Website
www.aplegislature.org

The Legislative Council of Andhra Pradesh or Andhra Pradesh Vidhan Parishad is the upper house of the legislature of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh; the lower house being the Andhra Pradesh Vidhan Sabha. It is situated in the state capital of Hyderabad, and has 58 members. The Vidhan Parishad has been in existence in two spells - from 1958 to 1985, and from 2007 to till date.

History[edit]

In the first years since its creation in post-independence India, the state of Andhra Pradesh worked under a unicameral parliamentary system. On 5 December 1956, the Andhra Pradesh Vidhana Sabha passed a resolution calling for the creation of an upper house, the Vidhan Parishad, to transition to a bicameral system.[1] The Vidhan Parishad was formed officially on 1 July 1958 under article 168 of the Constitution of India. The first President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad inaugurated the Vidhan Parishad on 8 July 1958.[1]

Abolition[edit]

In the 1980s, Andhra Pradesh became one of the first states to seek the abolition of the upper houses, which were being increasingly criticised as being unnecessary, unrepresentative of the population, a burden on the state budget and causing delays in passing legislation.[1][2][3][4] However, the move was criticised as an attempt by the then-ruling party, the Telugu Desam Party (TDP), to deny their main political opposition, the Indian National Congress (then Congress (I)) of influence in the state government and the control of the upper house, which could delay TDP-sponsored legislation and where the TDP held no seats.[4] In accordance with a resolution passed by the Andhra Pradesh Vidhan Sabha, the Indian Parliament abolished the Vidhan Parishad through the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council (Abolition) Act in 1985, after the Congress (I) suffered a major defeat in the state elections in Andhra Pradesh.[1][4]

Revival[edit]

Subsequent attempts were made to revive the Legislative Council under Chief Minister Dr. Marri Chenna Reddy, who belonged to the Congress (I), which had won the state elections in 1989.[1][4] A resolution to revive the Legislative Council was passed in the Vidhan Sabha on January 22, 1990.[1] The Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament, passed legislation authorising the revival of the Legislative Council as per the resolution of the state Vidhan Sabha on May 28, 1990, but the legislation stalled in the lower house, the Lok Sabha, primarily due to its dissolution in 1991 before the completion of its five-year term.[1] The subsequent Lok Sabhas (1991–1996, 1996–1998, 1998–2004) did not take any further action.

After its victory in the 2004 state elections, the Congress-led Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly passed another resolution on July 8, 2004 calling for the revival of the Legislative Council.[1] This time it was introduced in the Lok Sabha as the Andhra Pradesh Council Bill on December 16, 2004. On December 15, 2006 the Lok Sabha passed the legislation, which was quickly passed by the Rajya Sabha on December 20, and received the assent of the President on January 10, 2007.[1] The newly revived Legislative Council was constituted on March 30, 2007 and inaugurated on April 2 by Rameshwar Thakur, the Governor of Andhra Pradesh.[1]

Designations and present members[edit]

The Chairman, elected by the Council, presides over the sessions of the Council. The Deputy Chairman is also elected to preside in the Chairman's absence.

Presiding Officers[edit]

Designation Name
Governor E. S. L. Narasimhan
Chairman N. M. D. Farooq
Deputy Chairman Reddy Subrahmanyam
Leader of the House Yanamala Rama Krishnudu
Leader of the Opposition Ummareddy Venkateswarlu
Secretary of Legislative Council M. Vijaya Raju

Members[edit]

No Party Members
1 Telugu Desam Party 31
2 YSR Congress Party 8
3 Bharatiya Janata Party 2
4 Indian National Congress 1
5 Independents 3
6 Progressive Democratic Front 4
7 Progressive Recognised Teachers Union 1
8 Nominated 8
9 Vacant 1
- Total 58

Membership and tenure[edit]

The Legislative Council is a permanent house, not subject to dissolution.[1] Its 58 members serves six-year term, and every two years, one-third of the total number of members "retire" in rotation, and undergo the re-election process.[1] To become a member, the individual must be a citizen of India and at least 30 years of age. 8 members of the Council are nominated by the Governor of Andhra Pradesh. 40 members are elected by an electoral college of the Legislative Assembly and local governing bodies. The 10 remaining members would be elected from constituencies of college graduates and teachers.[5]

Members of Legislative Council[edit]

Constituency Seat No. District Name of elected MLC Elected Party Term
Graduates 01 West Godavari, East Godavari K. Ravi Kiran Varma IND 2013 - 2019
02 Krishna, Guntur Boddu Nageswara Rao PDF 2013 - 2019
03 Srikakulam district, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam P. V. N. Madhav BJP 2017 - 2023
04 Prakasam, Nellore, Chittoor Yandapalli Srinivasulu Reddy PDF 2017 - 2023
05 Anantapur, Kurnool, Kadapa Vennapusa Gopal Reddy YSRCP 2017 - 2023
Teachers 06 Srikakulam district, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam Gade Srinivasulu Naidu PRTU 2013 - 2019
07 West Godavari, East Godavari Ramu Surya Rao PDF 2015 - 2021
08 Krishna, Guntur A. S. Ramakrishna IND 2015 - 2021
06 Prakasam, Nellore, Chittoor Vitapu Balasubrahmanyam PDF 2017 - 2023
10 Anantapur, Kurnool, Kadapa Katti Narasimha Reddy IND 2017 - 2021
Local Authorities 11 ANANTAPUR Payyavula Keshav TDP 2015 - 2021
12 CHITTOOR Gali Saraswathamma (bypoll) TDP 2018 - 2021
13 EAST GODAVARI Reddy Subrahmanyam TDP 2015 - 2021
14 GUNTUR Annam Satish Prabhakar TDP 2015 - 2021
15 KRISHNA Y. V. Babu Rajendra Prasad TDP 2015 - 2021
16 KRISHNA Venkateswara Rao Buddha TDP 2015 - 2021
17 PRAKASAM Magunta Sreenivasulu Reddy TDP 2015 - 2021
18 VISAKHAPATNAM M.V.V.S. Murthi TDP 2015 - 2021
19 VIZIANAGARAM Dwarapureddi Jagadeeswara Rao TDP 2015 - 2021
20 VIZIANAGARAM Pappala Chalapathirao TDP 2015 - 2021
21 WEST GODAVARI Angara Ramamohan TDP 2015 - 2021
22 ANANTAPUR GUNAPATI DEEPAK REDDY TDP (suspended) 2017 - 2023
23 CHITTOOR B. N. Rajasimhulu TDP 2017 - 2023
24 EAST GODAVARI Chikkala Ramachandrarao TDP 2017 - 2023
25 GUNTUR Ummareddy Venkateswarlu YSRCP 2017 - 2023
26 KADAPA Mareddy Ravindranatha Reddy TDP 2017 - 2023
27 KURNOOL K. E. Prabhakar TDP 2017 - 2023
28 NELLORE Vakati Narayana Reddy TDP (suspended) 2017 - 2023
29 SRIKAKULAM Satrucharla Vijaya Rama Raju TDP 2017 - 2023
30 WEST GODAVARI Manthena Venkata Satyanarayana Raju TDP 2017 - 2023
MLA 31 --- Yanamala Rama Krishnudu TDP 2013 - 2019
32 --- P. Samanthakamani TDP 2013 - 2019
33 --- P Narayana TDP 2013 - 2019
34 --- Laxmi Siva Kumari Angoori TDP* 2013 - 2019
35 --- Adireddy Appa Rao TDP* 2013 - 2019
36 --- Devasani Chinna Govinda Reddy YSRCP 2015 - 2021
37 --- Kolagatla Veerabhadra Swamy YSRCP 2015 - 2021
38 --- Pilli Subhashchandra Bose YSRCP 2015 - 2021
39 --- Gundumala Thippe Swamy TDP 2015 - 2021
40 --- Sandhya Rani TDP 2015 - 2021
41 --- Vattikuti Veera Venkanna Chowdary TDP 2015 - 2021
42 --- Shariff Mohammed Ahmed TDP 2015 - 2021
43 --- Somu Veerraju BJP 2015 - 2021
44 --- Nara Lokesh TDP 2017 - 2023
45 --- Gangula Prabhakar Reddy YSRCP 2017 - 2023
46 --- Alla Nani YSRCP 2017 - 2023
47 --- Karanam Balaram Krishna Murthy TDP 2017 - 2023
48 --- Pothula Suneetha TDP 2017 - 2023
49 --- Batchula Arjunudu TDP 2017 - 2023
50 --- Dokka Manikya Vara Prasad TDP 2017 - 2023
Nominated 51 --- K. Satyanarayana Raju BJP 2014 - 2020
52 --- T. Ratna Bai INC 2014 - 2020
53 --- Chandramohan Reddy Somireddy TDP 2015 - 2021
54 --- Gownivari Sreenivasulu TDP 2015 - 2021
55 --- Beeda Ravi Chandra TDP 2015 - 2021
56 --- T. D. Janardhan TDP 2015 - 2021
57 --- N. M. D. Farooq TDP 2017 - 2023
58 --- Rama Subba Reddy Ponnapureddy TDP 2017 - 2023

Sources:

  • Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council History". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 2010-09-03.
  2. ^ Sharma. Introduction to the Constitution of India, Fifth Edition. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd. pp. 212–13. ISBN 978-81-203-3674-2.
  3. ^ Laxmikanth. Indian Polity For UPSC 3E. Tata McGraw-Hill. pp. 27–1. ISBN 978-0-07-015316-5.
  4. ^ a b c d Agarala Easwara Reddy (1994). State politics in India: reflections on Andhra Pradesh. M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd. pp. 97–110. ISBN 978-81-85880-51-8.
  5. ^ TMH General Knowledge Manual. Tata McGraw. 2007. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-07-061999-9.