Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council

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Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council
ఆంధ్రప్రదేశ్ శాసనమండలి
Official Emblem Of Andhra Pradesh.jpeg
Type
Type
Leadership
Chairman
Dr. A. Chakrapani, Indian National Congress
Deputy Chairman
Singa Reddy Venkata Satish Kumar Reddy, TDP
Leader of the House
Structure
Seats 58
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council.svg
Political groups

(as on 22/03/2017 after graduates mlc quota elections)
Government Coalition (39)

  •   TDP: 36 seats
  •   BJP: 3 seats

Opposition (19)

  •   YSRCP: 8 seats
  •   INC: 3 seats
  •   Independent: 3 seats
  •   PDF: 4 seats
  •   PRTU: 1 seat
Elections
Single transferable vote
Meeting place
Interim Legislative Building
Amaravati
Website
www.aplegislature.org

The Legislative Council of Andhra Pradesh (or the Andhra Pradesh Vidhan Parishad) is a the upper house of the legislature of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh; the lower house being the Andhra Pradesh Vidhan Sabha. It is situated in the state capital of Hyderabad, and has 58 members. The Vidhan Parishad has been in existence in two spells - from 1958 to 1985, and from 2007 till date.

History[edit]

In the first years since its creation in post-independence India, the state of Andhra Pradesh worked under a unicameral parliamentary system. On December 5, 1956 the Andhra Pradesh Vidhana Sabha passed a resolution calling for the creation of an upper house, the Vidhan Parishad, to transition to a bicameral system.[1] The Vidhan Parishad was formed officially on July 1, 1958 under article 168 of the Constitution of India. The first President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad inaugurated the Vidhan Parishad on July 8.[1]

Abolition[edit]

In the 1980s, Andhra Pradesh became one of the first states to seek the abolition of the upper houses, which were being increasingly criticised as being unnecessary, unrepresentative of the population, a burden on the state budget and causing delays in passing legislation.[1][2][3][4] However, the move was criticised as an attempt by the then-ruling party, the Telegu Desam Party (TDP), to deny their main political opposition, the Indian National Congress (then Congress (I)) of influence in the state government and the control of the upper house, which could delay TDP-sponsored legislation and where the TDP held no seats.[4] In accordance with a resolution passed by the Andhra Pradesh Vidhan Sabha, the Indian Parliament abolished the Vidhan Parishad through the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council (Abolition) Act in 1985, after the Congress (I) suffered a major defeat in the state elections in Andhra Pradesh.[1][4]

Revival[edit]

Subsequent attempts were made to revive the Legislative Council under Chief Minister Dr. Marri Chenna Reddy, who belonged to the Congress (I), which had won the state elections in 1989.[1][4] A resolution to revive the Legislative Council was passed in the Vidhan Sabha on January 22, 1990.[1] The Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament, passed legislation authorising the revival of the Legislative Council as per the resolution of the state Vidhan Sabha on May 28, 1990, but the legislation stalled in the lower house, the Lok Sabha, primarily due to its dissolution in 1991 before the completion of its five-year term.[1] The subsequent Lok Sabhas (1991–1996, 1996–1998, 1998–2004) did not take any further action.

After its victory in the 2004 state elections, the Congress-led Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly passed another resolution on July 8, 2004 calling for the revival of the Legislative Council.[1] This time it was introduced in the Lok Sabha as the Andhra Pradesh Council Bill on December 16, 2004. On December 15, 2006 the Lok Sabha passed the legislation, which was quickly passed by the Rajya Sabha on December 20, and received the assent of the President on January 10, 2007.[1] The newly revived Legislative Council was constituted on March 30, 2007 and inaugurated on April 2 by Rameshwar Thakur, the Governor of Andhra Pradesh.[1]

Designations and present members[edit]

The Chairperson, elected by the Council, presides over the sessions of the Council.[1] A Deputy Chairperson is also elected to preside in the Chairperson's absence. The current officials are:[5]

Designation Name
Governor E.S.L. Narasimhan
Chairperson Dr. A. Chakrapani
Deputy Chairperson Singareddy Venkata Satish Kumar Reddy
Leader of the House Yanamala Ramakrishnudu
Leader of the Opposition C. Ramachandraiah
Secretary K. Satyanarayana Rao.

Membership and tenure[edit]

The Legislative Council is a permanent house, not subject to dissolution.[1] Its 58 members serve six-year terms, and every two years, one-third of the total number of members "retire" in rotation, and undergo the re-election process.[1] To become a member, the individual must be a citizen of India and at least 30 years of age. 8 members of the Council are nominated by the Governor of Andhra Pradesh. 40 members are elected by an electoral college of the Legislative Assembly and local governing bodies. The 10 remaining members would be elected from constituencies of college graduates and teachers.[6]

Elected by the Legislative Assembly members[edit]

# Member Political Party term
1 Yanamala Rama Krishnudu Telugu Desam Party 30.03.2013 - 29.03.2019
2 DR. P. Narayana Telugu Desam Party 21.08.2014 - 29.03.2019 [7]
3 Dokka Manikya Varaprasad Telugu Desam Party 30.03.2017 - 29.03.2023
4 Shariff Mohammed Ahmed Telugu Desam Party 16.06.2015 - 15.06.2021
5 Gundumala Thippe Swamy Telugu Desam Party 30.03.2015 - 29.03.2021
6 Vattikuti Veera Venkanna Chowdary Telugu Desam Party 30.03.2015 - 29.05.2021
7 Nara Lokesh Telugu Desam Party 30.03.2017 - 29.03.2023 [8]
8 Gummidi Sandhya Rani Telugu Desam Party 30.03.2015 - 29.03.2021
9 Pamidi Samanthakamani Telugu Desam Party 30.03.2013 - 29.03.2019
10 Somu Veerraju Bharatiya Janata Party 16.06.2015 - 15.06.2021
11 DEVASANI CHINNA GOVINDA REDDY YSR Congress Party 16.06.2015 - 15.06.2021
12 Adireddy Appa Rao YSR Congress Party 30.03.2013 - 29.03.2019
13 PILLI SUBHASH CHANDRA BOSE YSR Congress Party 30.03.2015 - 29.03.2021
14 KOLAGATLA VEERABHADRA SWAMY YSR Congress Party 30.03.2013 - 29.03.2019
15 Pothula Suneetha Telugu Desam Party 30.03.2017 - 29.03.2023
16 Anguri Lakshmi Siva Kumari Telugu Desam Party 30.03.2013 - 29.03.2019 [9]
17 Batchula Arjunudu Telugu Desam Party 30.03.2017 - 29.03.2023
18 Gangula Prabhakar Reddy YSR Congress Party 30.03.2017 - 29.03.2023
19 Karanam Balaram Telugu Desam Party 30.03.2017 - 29.03.2023
20 Alla Srinivas Nani YSR Congress Party 30.03.2017 - 29.03.2023

Elected from Graduates' constituencies[edit]

# District Member Political Party Term
1 SRIKAKULAM,VIZIANAGARAM,VISHAKAPATNAM P.V.N. MADHAV BJP 30.03.2017 - 29.03.2023
2 WEST GODAVARI,EAST GODAVARI KALIDINDI RAVI KIRAN VARMA independent 30.03.2013 - 29.03.2019
3 KRISHNA,GUNTUR BODDU NAGESWARA RAO PDF 30.03.2013 - 29.03.2019
4 PRAKASAM,NELLORE,CHITTOOR YANDAPALLI SRINIVASULU REDDY PDF (supported by YSRCP) 30.03.2017 - 29.03.2023
5 ANANTAPUR,KURNOOL,KADAPA VENAPUSA GOPAL REDDY YSR Congress Party 30.03.2107 - 29.03.2023

Elected from Teachers' constituencies[edit]

# Constituency Member Political Party Term
1 SRIKAKULAM,VIZIANAGARAM,VISHAKAPATNAM GADE SRINIVASULU NAIDU PRTU 2013-19
2 WEST GODAVARI,EAST GODAVARII RAMU SURYA RAO PDF 30.03.2015 - 29.03.2021
3 KRISHNA,GUNTUR DR.A.S. RAMAKRISHNA Independent 30.03.2015 - 29.03.2021
4 PRAKASAM,NELLORE,CHITTOOR VITAPU BALASUBRAHMANYAM PDF (supported by YSRCP) 30.03.2017 - 29.03.2023
5 ANANTAPUR,KURNOOL,KADAPA KATTI NARASIMHA REDDY Independent (supported by Left parties) 30.03.2017 - 29.03.2023

Elected from Local Authorities' constituencies[edit]

# Constituency Member Political Party Term of office
1 GUNTUR Dr. UMMAREDDY VENKATESWARLU YSR Congress Party
2 EAST GODAVARI BODDU BHASKARA RAMARAO Telugu Desam Party 30.03.2011 - 29.03.2017
3 ANANTAPUR PAYYAVULA KESHAVA Telugu Desam Party 29.06.2015 - 28.06.2021
4 WEST GODAVARI(1) ANGARA RAMMOHAN Telugu Desam Party 02.05.2017 - 01.05.2023
5 GUNTUR ANNAM SATISH PRABHAKAR Telugu Desam Party 29.06.2015 - 28.06.2021
6 KRISHNA YALAMANCHILI VENKATA BABU RAJENDRA PRASAD Telugu Desam Party
7 KRISHNA BUDDHA VENKATESWARA RAO Telugu Desam Party
8 VIZIANAGARAM SRI VARDHAN Telugu Desam Party
9 EAST GODAVARI Chikkala Ramachandra Rao Telugu Desam Party 02.05.2017 - 01.05.2023
10 ANANTAPUR Deepak Reddy Gunapati Telugu Desam Party 30.03.2017 - 29.03.2023
11 KURNOOL Silpa Chakrapani Reddy Telugu Desam Party 30.03.2017 - 29.03.2023
12 VISAKHAPATNAM PAPPALA CHALAPATHI RAO Telugu Desam Party 29.06.2015 - 28.06.2021
13 PRAKASAM MAGUNTA SREENIVASULU REDDY Telugu Desam Party 29.06.2015 - 28.06.2021
14 VISHAKAPATNAM DR.M.V.V.S. MURTHY Telugu Desam Party 29.06.2015 - 28.06.2021
15 CHITTOOR GALI MUDDUKRISHNAMA NAIDU Telugu Desam Party 29.06.2015 - 28.06.2021
16 CHITTOOR B Rajanarasimhulu Telugu Desam Party 02.05.2017 - 01.05.2023
17 KADAPA Mareddy Ravindranath Reddy (BTech Ravi) Telugu Desam Party 30.03.2017 - 29.03.2023
18 WEST GODAVARI Mantena Satyanarayana Raju Telugu Desam Party 02.05.2017 - 01.05.2023
19 SRIKAKULAM Vijaya Rama Raju Satrucharla Telugu Desam Party 02.05.2017 - 01.05.2023 [10]
20 NELLORE Vakati Narayana Reddy Telugu Desam Party 30.03.2017 - 29.03.2023

Nominated[edit]

# Member Political Party Term
1 DR.A. CHAKRAPANI Indian National Congress 29.05.2011 - 28.05.2017 [11]
2 SMT. T. RATNA BAI Indian National Congress 13.02.2014 - 12.02.2020 [12]
3 R. REDDEPPA REDDY Indian National Congress 29.05.2011 - 28.05.2017
4 BEEDA RAVICHANDRA Telugu Desam Party 13.06.2015 - 12.06.2021 [13]
5 SOMIREDDY CHANDRAMOHAN REDDY Telugu Desam Party 21.05.2015 - 20.05.2021
6 K. Satyanarayana Raju Bharatiya Janata Party 13.02.2014 - 12.02.2020 [14]
7 T.D. JANARDHAN Telugu Desam Party 13.06.2015 - 12.06.2021
8 GOWNIVAARI SREENIVASULU Telugu Desam Party 13.06.2015 - 12.06.2021

Functions[edit]

The Legislative Council i charged with fewer functions compared to the lower house. Although all legislation passed by the lower house must be similarly passed by the Council, it plays a largely advisory role.[1]

Designations and present members[edit]

The Chairperson, elected by the Council, presides over the sessions of the Council.[1] A Deputy Chairperson is also elected to preside in the Chairperson's absence. The current officials are:[5]

Designation Name
Governor E.S.L. Narasimhan
Chairperson Dr. A. Chakrapani
Deputy Chairperson Singareddy Venkata Satish Kumar Reddy
Leader of the House Yanamala Ramakrishnudu
Leader of the Opposition C. Ramachandraiah
Secretary K. Satyanarayana Rao.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council History". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 2010-09-03. 
  2. ^ Sharma. Introduction to the Constitution of India, Fifth Edition. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd. pp. 212–13. ISBN 978-81-203-3674-2. 
  3. ^ Laxmikanth. Indian Polity For UPSC 3E. Tata McGraw-Hill. pp. 27–1. ISBN 978-0-07-015316-5. 
  4. ^ a b c d Agarala Easwara Reddy (1994). State politics in India: reflections on Andhra Pradesh. M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd. pp. 97–110. ISBN 978-81-85880-51-8. 
  5. ^ a b "Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 2010-09-03. 
  6. ^ TMH General Knowledge Manual. Tata McGraw. 2007. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-07-061999-9. 
  7. ^ http://www.aptoday.com/newsnpolitics/p-narayana-tdp-choice-for-mlc-bye-poll/1925/
  8. ^ http://telanganatoday.news/nara-lokesh-7-mlcs-elected-unopposed
  9. ^ http://www.telugudesam.org/eng/leaders/anguri-lakshmi-siva-kumari
  10. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/telugu-desam-party-wins-six-mlc-seats-unopposed/article17405000.ece
  11. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/andhra-pradesh/cong-ignores-y-s-vivekananda-reddy-for-ap-council-seat/article2057557.ece
  12. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/governor-snubs-kiran-clears-three-names-for-council/article5748352.ece
  13. ^ http://www.deccanchronicle.com/150521/nation-current-affairs/article/andhra-pradesh-council-elections-unanimous
  14. ^ http://www.thehansindia.com/posts/index/Andhra-Pradesh/2015-03-05/Congress-MLC-Kantheti-joins-BJP-/135397 Congress MLC Kantheti Joins BJP