Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council

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Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council
Type
Type
Term limits
6 years
Leadership
Deputy Chairman
Leader of the House
Leader of the Opposition
Structure
Seats58 (50 Elected + 8 Nominated)
Legislative Council of Andhra Pradesh.svg
Political groups
Government (9)

Opposition (26)

Others (20)

Elections
Single transferable vote
Meeting place
Andhra Pradesh Secreteriat.jpg
Assembly Building
Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh, India
Website
http://www.aplegislature.org/web/legislative-council

The Legislative Council of Andhra Pradesh or Andhra Pradesh Śāsana Mandali is the upper house of the legislature of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh; the lower house being the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. It is situated in the state capital of Amaravati, and has 58 members. The Vidhan Parishad has been in existence in two spells - from 1958 to 1985, and from 2007 to till date.

History[edit]

In the first years since its creation in post-independence India, the state of Andhra Pradesh worked under a unicameral parliamentary system. On 5 December 1956, the Andhra Pradesh Vidhana Sabha passed a resolution calling for the creation of an upper house, the Vidhan Parishad, to transition to a bicameral system. The members of the majority party/coalition in the lower house would be the ruling party of the upper house, regardless of number. The house will have a chairman who conducts day to day affairs, rather than a speaker.[1] The Vidhan Parishad was formed officially on 1 July 1958 under article 168 of the Constitution of India. The first President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad inaugurated the Vidhan Parishad on 8 July 1958.[1]

Abolition[edit]

In the 1980s, Andhra Pradesh became one of the first states to seek the abolition of the upper houses, which were being increasingly criticised as being unnecessary, unrepresentative of the population, a burden on the state budget and causing delays in passing legislation.[1][2][3][4] However, the move was criticised as an attempt by the then-ruling party, the Telugu Desam Party (TDP), to deny their main political opposition, the Indian National Congress (then Congress (I)) of influence in the state government and the control of the upper house, which could delay TDP-sponsored legislation and where the TDP held no seats.[4] In accordance with a resolution passed by the Andhra Pradesh Vidhan Sabha, the Indian Parliament abolished the Vidhan Parishad through the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council (Abolition) Act in 1985, after the Congress (I) suffered a major defeat in the state elections in Andhra Pradesh.[1][4]

Revival[edit]

Subsequent attempts were made to revive the Legislative Council under Chief Minister Dr. Marri Chenna Reddy, who belonged to the Congress (I), which had won the state elections in 1989.[1][4] A resolution to revive the Legislative Council was passed in the Vidhan Sabha on 22 January 1990.[1] The Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament, passed legislation authorising the revival of the Legislative Council as per the resolution of the state Vidhan Sabha on 28 May 1990, but the legislation stalled in the lower house, the Lok Sabha, primarily due to its dissolution in 1991 before the completion of its five-year term.[1] The subsequent Lok Sabhas (1991–1996, 1996–1998, 1998–2004) did not take any further action.

After its victory in the 2004 state elections, the Congress-led Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly passed another resolution on 8 July 2004 calling for the revival of the Legislative Council.[1] This time it was introduced in the Lok Sabha as the Andhra Pradesh Council Bill on 16 December 2004. On 15 December 2006 the Lok Sabha passed the legislation, which was quickly passed by the Rajya Sabha on 20 December, and received the assent of the President on 10 January 2007.[1] The newly revived Legislative Council was constituted on 30 March 2007 and inaugurated on 2 April by Rameshwar Thakur, the Governor of Andhra Pradesh.[1]

Designations and present members[edit]

The Chairman, elected by the Council, presides over the sessions of the Council. The Deputy Chairman is also elected to preside in the Chairman's absence.[citation needed]

Presiding Officers[edit]

Designation Name
Governor Bhiswa Bhushan Harichandan
Chairman Mohammed Ahmed Shariff
Deputy Chairman Reddy Subrahmanyam
Leader of the House Pilli Subhash Chandra Bose, YSRCP
Leader of the Opposition Yanamala Rama Krishnudu, TDP
Secretary of Legislative Council M. Vijaya Raju

Members[edit]

No Party Members
1 Telugu Desam Party 27
2 YSR Congress Party 9
3 Bharatiya Janata Party 3
4 Progressive Democratic Front 5
5 Independents 4
6 Nominated 8
7 Vacant 3
- Total 58

Membership and tenure[edit]

The Legislative Council is a permanent house, not subject to dissolution.[1] Its 58 members serves six-year term, and every two years, one-third of the total number of members "retire" in rotation, and undergo the re-election process.[1] To become a member, the individual must be a citizen of India and at least 30 years of age. 8 members of the Council are nominated by the Governor of Andhra Pradesh. 40 members are elected by an electoral college of the Legislative Assembly and local governing bodies. The 10 remaining members would be elected from constituencies of college graduates and teachers.[5]

Item era in of Legislative Council[edit]

Constituency # District Name of elected MLC Elected Party Date of Retirement
Graduates

constituencies

1 Srikakulam,

Vizianagaram, Visakapatnam

P. V. N. Madhav BJP

29-03-2023

2 Anantapur,

Kurnool, Kadapa

Vennapusa Gopal Reddy YCP 29-03-2023
3 Chittoor,

Nellore, Prakasam

Yandapalli Srinivasulu Reddy PDF 29-03-2023
4 East Godavari,

West Godavari

Illa Venkateswara Rao PDF 30-03-2025
5 Krishna,

Guntur

Kalagara Sai Lakshmana Rao PDF 30-03-2025
Teachers

constituencies

6 East Godavari,

West Godavari

Ramu Surya Rao PDF 29-03-2021
7 Krishna,

Guntur

A. S. Ramakrishna Independent 29-03-2021
8 Chittoor,

Nellore, Prakasam

Vitapu Balasubrahmanyam PDF 29-03-2023
9 Anantapur,

Kurnool, Kadapa

Katti Narasimha Reddy Independent 29-03-2023
10 Srikakulam,

Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam

Pakalapati Raghu Varma Independent 30-03-2025
Local Authorities constituencies 11 Guntur Ummareddy Venkateswarlu YCP 18-06-2021
12 Guntur 18-06-2021
13 Prakasam 18-06-2021
14 Anantapur 18-06-2021
15 Vizianagaram Dwarapureddi Jagadeeswara Rao TDP 18-06-2021
16 Chittoor Gali Saraswathi TDP 18-06-2021
17 East Godavari Reddy Subrahmanyam TDP 18-06-2021
18 Krishna Venkateswara Rao Buddha TDP 18-06-2021
19 Krishna Yalamanchili Venkata Babu Rajendra Prasad TDP 18-06-2021
20 Visakhapatnam Pappala Chalapathirao TDP 18-06-2021
21 Visakhapatnam B. Naga Jagadeeswara Rao TDP 18-06-2021
22 Kadapa Mareddy Ravindranath Reddy TDP 29-03-2023
23 Anantapur GUNAPATI DEEPAK REDDY TDP Suspended Independent politician 29-03-2023
24 Nellore VAKATI NARAYANA REDDY BJP 01-05-2023
25 West Godavari ANGARA RAMAMOHAN TDP 01-05-2023
26 West Godavari MANTHENA VENKATA SATYANARAYANA RAJU TDP 01-05-2023
27 East Godavari CHIKKALA RAMACHANDRA TDP 01-05-2023
28 Srikakulam SATRUCHARLA VIJAYA RAMA RAJU TDP
01-05-2023
29 Chittoor B.N RAJASIMHULU TDP 01-05-2023
30 Kurnool K.E. PRABHAKAR TDP 01-05-2023
Members elected by Legislative Assembly 31 Anantapur SHAIK MOHAMMED IQBAL YSRCP 29-03-2021
32 East Godavari PILLI SUBHASH CHANDRA BOSE YSRCP 29-03-2021
33 Vizianagaram GUMMIDI SANDHYA RANI TDP 29-03-2021
34 Anantapur GUNDUMALA THIPPE SWAMY TDP 29-03-2021
35 East Godavari VATTIKUTI VEERA VENKANNA CHOWDARY TDP 29-03-2021
36 West Godavari SHARIFF MOHAMMED AHMED TDP 24-05-2021
37 East Godavari SOMU VEERRAJU BJP 24-05-2021
38 Kadapa DEVASANI CHINNA GOVINDA REDDY YSRCP 24-05-2021
39 Kurnool CHALLA RAMAKRISHNA REDDY YSRCP 29-03-2023
40 Guntur MOPIDEVI VENKATA RAMANA RAO YSRCP 29-03-2023
41 Kurnool GANGULA PRABHAKAR REDDY YSRCP 29-03-2023
42 Krishna BATCHULA ARJUNUDU TDP 29-03-2023
43 Guntur NARA LOKESH TDP 29-03-2023
44 Guntur DOKKA MANIKYA VARA PRASAD TDP 29-03-2023
45 Prakasham POTHULA SUNEETHA TDP 29-03-2023
46 East Godavari YANAMALA RAMAKRISHNUDU TDP 29-03-2025
47 Krishna PARCHURI ASHOK BABU TDP 29-03-2025
48 Visakhapatnam DUVVARAPU RAMA RAO TDP 29-03-2025
49 Kurnool B TIRUMALA NAIDU TDP 29-03-2025
50 Guntur JANGA KRISHNA MURTHY YSRCP 29-03-2025
Nominated 51 West Godavari KANTHETI SATYANARAYANA RAJU Nominated 02-03-2020
52 East Godavari TADAPATLA RATNA BAI Nominated 02-03-2020
53 Chittoor GOWNIVAARI SREENIVASULU Nominated 11-06-2021
54 Nellore BEEDA RAVICHANDRA Nominated 11-06-2021
55 Krishna T.D. JANARDHAN Nominated 11-06-2021
56 Anantapur PAMIDI SAMANTHAKAMANI Nominated 11-06-2021
57 Kurnool N.M.D FAROOQ Nominated 20-07-2023
58 Kadapa CHADIPIRALLA SIVANATHA REDDY Nominated 20-07-2023

Sources: in

  • Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council History". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 3 September 2010.
  2. ^ Sharma. Introduction to the Constitution of India, Fifth Edition. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd. pp. 212–13. ISBN 978-81-203-3674-2.
  3. ^ Laxmikanth. Indian Polity For UPSC 3E. Tata McGraw-Hill. pp. 27–1. ISBN 978-0-07-015316-5.
  4. ^ a b c d Agarala Easwara Reddy (1994). State politics in India: reflections on Andhra Pradesh. M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd. pp. 97–110. ISBN 978-81-85880-51-8.
  5. ^ TMH General Knowledge Manual. Tata McGraw. 2007. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-07-061999-9.