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Ranitomeya bombetes.jpg
Andinobates bombetes
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Dendrobatidae
Subfamily: Dendrobatinae
Genus: Andinobates
Twomey, Brown, Amézquita, and Mejía-Vargas, 2011[1]
Type species
Dendrobates bombetes
Myers and Daly, 1980

14, see text.

Andinobates is a genus of poison dart frogs from Ecuador, Colombia and Panama.[2] It contains species formerly classified in the genus Dendrobates and in 2006 transferred to the genus Ranitomeya. In 2011 Twomey, Brown, and their colleagues erected the genus Andinobates for a group of 12 species of Ranitomeya. Andinobates frogs can be distinguished from their sister taxon Ranitomeya anatomically in that their 2nd and 3rd vertebrae are fused. They show no limb reticulation, which is present in most species of Ranitomeya. [1]


Andinobates inhabits the rainforests of Ecuador, Colombia, and Panama,[2] whereas Ranitomeya is only found in the Amazonian basin.[1]


Andinobates primarily contained 12 species formerly classified in the genus Ranitomeya. In 2013 Andinobates cassidyhornae, another species from the Andes of Colombia has been described.[3] In 2014 another new species, Andinobates geminisae, was discovered in Panama.[4] This brings the current total to 14 species:[2]


  1. ^ a b c Brown, J. L.; E. Twomey; A. Amézquita; M. B. de Souza; J. P. Caldwell; S. Lötters; R. von May; P. R. Melo-Sampaio; D. Mejía-Vargas; P. E. Pérez-Peña; M. Pepper; E. H. Poelman; M. Sanchez-Rodriguez; K. Summers (2011). "A taxonomic revision of the Neotropical frog genus Ranitomeya (Amphibia: Dendrobatidae)" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3083: 1–120. 
  2. ^ a b c Frost, Darrel R. (2016). "Andinobates Twomey, Brown, Amézquita, and Mejía-Vargas, 2011". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 3 October 2016. 
  3. ^ Amézquita, A., et al. (2013). A new species of Andean poison frog, Andinobates (Anura: Dendrobatidae), from the northwestern Andes of Colombia. Zootaxa 3620 (1): 163-178. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3620.1.8
  4. ^ Batista, A., et al. (2014). A new species of Andinobates (Amphibia: Anura: Dendrobatidae) from west central Panama. Zootaxa 3866 (3): 333-352. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3866.3.2