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Andorra in the Eurovision Song Contest

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Andorra
Andorra
Member stationRTVA
National selection events
National final
  • 12 punts
  • 2004
  • Desitja'm sort
  • 2005
  • Passaport a Moscou
  • 2009
Internal selection
  • 2006–2008
Participation summary
Appearances6 (0 finals)
First appearance2004
Last appearance2009
Best result12th semi-final: 2007
External links
Andorra's page at Eurovision.tv

Andorra has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest six times, debuting in the 2004 contest and participating every year thereafter until the 2009 contest. As of 2021 the nation remains the only country to have never competed in a grand final, with their best result being a 12th-place finish in the 2007 semi-final and thus failing to qualify. Andorra withdrew from the contest following their 2009 appearance, with the national broadcaster Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra (RTVA) citing financial difficulties preventing their continued participation, and the country has not entered the contest again since. Interest in the contest has however remained high in the principality, while recent statements from the Andorran government and broadcaster indicate a return could be favourable dependent on financial backing.

RTVA has used a mixture of methods to select their entrants in the years they competed, employing a national final for 2004, 2005 and 2009 and selecting internally between 2006 and 2008. A televote has principally been used to determine the nation's points, however due to the country's small population, on occasion a jury has been required as the number of votes received from the Andorran public has been too low to be considered valid.

Contest history[edit]

Participation in the Eurovision Song Contest is open to members of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU),[1] of which Andorra has been a member since 2002 through Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra (RTVA).[2] Interest in Andorran participation in the contest was first raised in 2003, when the country's then-head of government Marc Forné Molné indicated his agreement for the country to enter the contest, seeing it as a way to raise their profile at a reasonable cost.[3][4] Andorra Televisió subsequently broadcast that year's contest live as a passive participant, a prerequisite step for participation in the following year's event under the rules of the contest in place at the time.[5][6][7] RTVA later confirmed their intent to submit an entry for the 2004 contest, with backing from the Andorran government and an assurance that the Catalan language would be represented in the Eurovision Song Contest for the first time.[8][9]

Jenny (pictured in 2018) represented Andorra in 2006.

For their first Eurovision appearance, an agreement was announced between RTVA and Televisió de Catalunya (TVC) to jointly organise Andorra's first national final, with viewers in Catalonia being given a say in who should represent the country in the 2004 contest.[10][11] Viewers and an assembled jury subsequently chose Marta Roure with "Jugarem a estimar-nos" as Andorra's first entry;[12][13] ultimately the nation did not fare well, placing 18th of the 22 participating countries in the semi-final, receiving 12 points in total, all from Spain, and failing to qualify for the grand final.[14] After debating employing an internal selection to determine Andorra's second entry, a second national final was organised ahead of the 2005 contest.[15] Marian van de Wal was chosen to perform "La mirada interior" at the contest, however Andorra once again failed to qualify for the final, placing 23rd of 25 countries in the 2005 semi-final with 27 points.[16][17]

RTVA initiated an internal selection to determine their entry for the 2006 contest, selecting "Sense tu" performed by Jenny;[18] the nation's third appearance would bring their worst result to date, placing last in the semi-final and receiving just eight points.[19] Further internal selections followed in 2007 and 2008, however neither Anonymous nor Gisela could bring Andorra to the final in either of the contests.[20][21][22] RTVA reverted to a national final for the 2009 contest, with Susanne Georgi selected by the Andorran public and jury to represent the country with "La teva decisió (Get a Life)";[23][24] on their sixth appearance, Andorra continued to fail to pass through the semi-final, placing 15th in the first semi-final with eight points and failing to qualify for the final.[25] After initially applying to take part in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 in Oslo, Norway, RTVA subsequently announced their withdrawal from the contest, citing financial difficulties.[26]

Susanne Georgi and backing singers at the 2009 contest

Budget restrictions have continued to prevent Andorra from returning to the contest, with RTVA having previously considered leaving the EBU in order to recoup costs, which would have prevented any further Andorran participation in the event.[27][28][29] In recent years, renewed interest in the contest has been reported among some members of the Andorran government, with past Andorran Eurovision artists having also been vocal in their support for a return of the nation to the contest.[30][31] Georgi, Andorra's last participant, has also begun a campaign to secure potential sponsorship for enabling Andorra to return to the contest and has lobbied with Andorran politicians on this front.[32][33] As of 2021 Andorra is the only country to have never participated in a grand final; 2007 remains the country's best result to date, when Anonymous placed 12th in that year's semi-final with 80 points, 11 points away from qualifying.[20][34]

Selection process[edit]

Andorra has used a mix of methods to select their entries for the contest, having employed both national finals and internal selections. For their debut entry, RTVA launched a casting show, Eurocàsting, to determine two acts to take part in the national final.[35][36] The selected acts performed 12 potential Eurovision songs over nine weeks on 12 punts, with songs being eliminated weekly until the winning song and artist was determined in the final show.[11][37] Eurocàsting returned in 2005, but with one winning artist selected to perform three songs in the single final show Desitja'm sort.[38][39] Following internal selections between 2006 and 2008, RTVA employed a televised competition again in 2009, with three acts competing in Passaport a Moscou.[18][21][22][40]

Voting[edit]

In the years where Andorra participated, voting at the Eurovision Song Contest typically consisted of 100 percent public televoting, with countries obligated to use televoting as the method for determining their points from the 2004 contest.[41] However, each country was obligated to assemble a back-up jury, whose votes would be used instead of the televote in cases of technical failure, or from 2005 when the number of televotes registered failed to pass a certain threshold.[41][42] RTVA utilised SMS voting to determine the country's points during the shows in which Andorra participated, however on occasion the back-up jury results were required to be implemented as the number of votes received was considered too low to provide a valid result.[42][43] This occurred in 2005 and 2007, when the votes of Andorra's back-up jury were used instead to provide the Andorran votes in both the semi-final and final.[42][44]

Contestants[edit]

Table key
Last place
Contestants[20]
Year Artist Title Language Final Points Semi Points
2004 Marta Roure "Jugarem a estimar-nos" Catalan[45] Failed to qualify 18 12
2005 Marian van de Wal "La mirada interior" Catalan[46] 23 27
2006 Jenny "Sense tu" Catalan[47] 23 ◁ 8
2007 Anonymous "Salvem el món" Catalan, English[48] 12 80
2008 Gisela "Casanova" English, Catalan[49] 16 22
2009 Susanne Georgi "La teva decisió (Get a Life)" Catalan, English[50] 15 8

Related involvement[edit]

Heads of delegation[edit]

The public broadcaster of each participating country in the Eurovision Song Contest assigns a head of delegation as the EBU's contact person and the leader of their delegation at the event. The delegation, whose size can greatly vary, includes a head of press, the contestants, songwriters, composers and backing vocalists, among others.[51]

Heads of delegation
Year Name Ref.
20052009 Creu Rosell

Commentators and spokespersons[edit]

Meri Picart provided commentary on ATV between 2003 and 2009

For the show's broadcast on Andorra Televisió (ATV), various commentators have provided commentary for the contest in the local language. At the Eurovision Song Contest after all points are calculated, the presenters of the show call upon each voting country to invite each respective spokesperson to announce the results of their vote on-screen.[53]

Commentators and spokespersons
Year(s) Commentator Dual commentator Spokesperson Ref.
Meri Picart Albert Roig Did not participate
Josep Lluís Trabal Pati Molné
Ruth Gumbau
Xavi Palma
Marian van de Wal
Alfred Llahí
None Brigits García

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

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