Andover railway station

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Andover National Rail
Andover station Entrance.jpg
Andover station exterior
Location
Place Andover
Local authority Test Valley
Grid reference SU355459
Operations
Station code ADV
Managed by South Western Railway
Number of platforms 2
DfT category C1
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2011/12 Increase 1.135 million
– Interchange  Increase 1,050
2012/13 Decrease 1.124 million
– Interchange  Increase 1,108
2013/14 Increase 1.179 million
– Interchange  Increase 1,191
2014/15 Decrease 1.178 million
– Interchange  Increase 1,207
2015/16 Increase 1.206 million
– Interchange  Increase 1,223
History
3 July 1854 Station opened as Andover
6 March 1865 Station renamed Andover Junction
7 November 1964 Station renamed Andover
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Andover from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Andover station serves the town of Andover, Hampshire, England. The station is served and operated by South Western Railway. The station is 66 12 miles (107.0 km) south west of London Waterloo on the West of England Main Line (London Waterloo-Exeter).

According to the Office of Rail Regulation statistics on rail trends for the year 2005, 982,255 exits and entries were made at Andover rail station, making it the 14th most used rail station in the county of Hampshire (including the unitary authority areas of Portsmouth City Council and Southampton City Council).

History[edit]

A disused platform at the east end of the station.

The station was opened on 3 July 1854 and was previously known as Andover Junction, as it stood at the junction of the Exeter-London line and the now-defunct Midland and South Western Junction Railway running between Cheltenham, Swindon, Andover and Southampton Terminus.[1] Andover had a second station, Andover Town, to the south of the junction station on the line to Redbridge that was often called the Sprat and Winkle Line. This route fell victim to the Beeching Axe in September 1964, three years after passenger trains had been withdrawn from the M&SWJR line.[1]

Opened by the London and South Western Railway (LSWR), it became part of the Southern Railway during the Grouping of 1923. The station then passed on to the Southern Region of British Railways on nationalisation in 1948.

When Sectorisation was introduced in the 1980s, the station was served by Network SouthEast until the Privatisation of British Railways.

Motive Power Depots[edit]

The LSWR opened a small locomotive depot a short distance past the junction in 1854, which was damaged in 1856 by a locomotive boiler explosion. The Swindon Marlborough and Andover Railway (SM&AR) also built a depot next to the station in 1882.[2] The LSWR depot was destroyed by fire in 1896 and was replaced by a larger depot next to the SM&AR shed in 1903. The SM&AR was closed by the Western Region of British Railways in 1958 and demolished soon afterwards. The LSWR depot was in the Southern Region and survived until June 1962.

Down freight in 1962

Services[edit]

The typical South Western Railway hourly off-peak service pattern on the West of England Main Line at Andover comprises two services in each direction. Eastbound one stops at stations to Basingstoke then runs fast to London, the other runs fast to Basingstoke & onwards to Clapham Junction and Waterloo. Westbound one service calls at stations to Salisbury where it terminates, the other runs fast to Salisbury then continues to Exeter St Davids.[3]

A train bound for London Waterloo in 2017
Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Basingstoke   South Western Railway
London-Exeter fast services
  Salisbury
Whitchurch   South Western Railway
London-Salisbury stopping services
  Grateley
Disused railways
Andover Town   Midland and South Western Junction Railway   Weyhill

Layout[edit]

The entrances are on the South side of the station, which consists of a ticket office, a heated waiting room, three self-service ticket machines, a small counter selling hot drinks outside the station, a bike locker, and a small shop. There are four entrances – one to the East of the ticket office, used when it is closed; the ticket office itself; an entrance to the West of the ticket office that was formerly used for a drinks van (now relocated to the counter outside the station); and one from the car park, which often gets full on weekdays. This side of the station is platform 2, with trains going West to Salisbury and Exeter St Davids. Through a step-free subway immediately adjacent to the third entrance as listed above is platform 1, an island platform, which has trains going East to Basingstoke and London. Platform 1 has a waiting room, toilets and a passenger assistance office. In addition to this, there are two disused platforms. The first is a bay platform on the East side of platform 2, which used to serve as the platform to Redbridge on the Sprat and Winkle Line until the line was closed. The trackbed is still clearly visible, but the track itself has been removed. The second is on the other side of the island to platform 1, which used to serve as the platform to Swindon on the Midland and South Western Junction Railway. This platform still has track, as it is still used for military purposes to link with the depot in Ludgershall. Beyond this are disused sidings.[4]

Future[edit]

The new open-access operator Go! Cooperative has proposed operating a light rail service from Andover using the branch line to Ludgershall. There are also plans to develop the North side of the station into an additional car park and entrance, to ease congestion of the existing car park which is often full.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Body, p.54
  2. ^ Griffiths, Roger; Smith, Paul (1999). The directory of British engine sheds: 1. Oxford: OPC. p. 48. 
  3. ^ Table 160 National Rail timetable, May 2016
  4. ^ Andover Railway Station Talbot, Chris Geograph.org; Retrieved 6 October 2016

Coordinates: 51°12′43″N 1°29′31″W / 51.212°N 1.492°W / 51.212; -1.492