|Member of the Canadian Parliament
|Preceded by||Guy Côté|
|Succeeded by||Élaine Michaud|
December 21, 1943 |
Quebec City, Quebec
|Residence||Quebec City, Quebec|
|Profession||Journalist, radio host|
André Arthur (born December 21, 1943) is a Canadian radio host and politician. He was the independent Member of Parliament for the riding of Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier from 2006 to 2011. He is known for his outspoken style and anti-statist politics in a province known for mainly supporting left-of-centre policies, but has nonetheless earned widespread popularity, earning the nickname le Roi Arthur ("King Arthur").
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Both Arthur's father, René, and uncle, Gérard Arthur, were radio hosts. René and Gérard were Armenian immigrant children who came from Constantinople to Montreal in the 1910s, fleeing the Armenian genocide, with their parents and siblings, via New York. According to Arthur, the family was mistakenly considered to be Jewish by some Montreal residents at the time, because their last name contained the name Isaac, thus being victims of antisemitism. Consequently, the family changed its name to Arthur, a French-sounding name, which was also André Arthur's grandfather's first name (he was alternatively known as Arthur Isakian or Arthur DerSahag, Sahag meaning Isaac in Armenian).
Arthur is divorced and has two children.
Arthur began his radio career at CHRC in 1970. He has also appeared on CJRP, CKAC, CKVL, CJMF-FM, CJMS and, most recently (until December 22, 2005), at CKNU-FM and CIMI-FM, all French-language stations. In 2007, Arthur was briefly part of a morning show on CHEQ-FM with Marie Saint-Laurent as well as the web radio station Rockik.com.
From 1972 to 1979, in addition to being heard on CHRC, Arthur was a news anchor for the local evening news program at Télé-4 (CFCM-TV, a TVA affiliate) in Quebec City. On August 20, 2008, it was announced that Arthur would host a talk show on the TQS network, starting September 29; however, a federal election was called in the meantime, delaying the starting date. Arthur successfully ran for MP in the 2008 election.
TQS announced the show's cancellation on August 5, 2009.
Malenfant TV serie
In December 2009, cable channel Série+ announced it would broadcast in the winter of 2011 a four-part miniseries on Raymond Malenfant, produced by Ricardo Trogi. The role of Raymond Malenfant will be played by Luc Picard and Francis Cantin (Raymond Malenfant young adult). The role of André Arthur (1986, 1991 and 2001) will be played by Jean-François Porlier.
André Arthur is a self-described libertarian, and his political views are generally in line with the libertarian ideology. He generally opposes the concept of government intervention in the economy, and supports tax cuts (as opposed to subsidies) as the most efficient way to promote economic growth and respect individual liberty.
He is also a noted admirer of the United States, which he perceives to be less intrusive in people's lives. Arthur claims that if he were an American citizen he would never vote for George W. Bush as President – one factor being Arthur's opposition to the Iraq War. Nonetheless, Arthur considers George W. Bush (as well as Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper) to be very consistent, a quality that he admires.
Arthur is a federalist. He is known for his opposition to Quebec sovereignty, not so much because of any profound attachment to Canada, but because he fears independence would increase what he sees as the socialist tendencies of Quebec as a political entity. According to a number of Parti Québécois analysts, Arthur's influence was a significant cause of the lower-than-expected "Yes" vote in the Quebec City area in the 1995 referendum.
Arthur first ran for office as an Independent candidate in the Louis-Hébert district in the 1994 Quebec provincial election. He finished second with 29% of the vote, behind Parti Québécois candidate Paul Bégin (39%).
Arthur's first successful bid for office was in the 2006 Canadian federal election, when he was elected as an Independent Member of Parliament for the Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier district of Quebec. Arthur officially became a candidate on January 2, 2006, three weeks before Election Day. Having the advantage of name recognition and running an intensive pre-campaign every day for about two months during his morning and noon shows, he used no campaign paraphernalia and spent only $924 on his campaign. Arthur boasts of being "the cheapest Member of Parliament in Canada", claiming to have spent less than any other elected candidate at this election.
While the 2006 federal election was not Arthur's first attempt to win political office, he claimed that bid was the only time he really wanted to be elected. According to Arthur, his goal in previous elections had been to divide the results.
On January 25, 2006, in an interview with Anna Maria Tremonti, host of CBC Radio One's morning news program The Current, Arthur stated that he would not join any political party during the then-current parliament, but he did note that the policies of the governing Conservative Party of Canada best reflected his personal political beliefs and stances on many major issues. He also stated that he entered politics as an independent with the influence and record of non-affiliated MP Chuck Cadman, the most recent MP to be elected to the House of Commons as an independent, in mind. It was reported in May 2006 that he might consider joining the Conservatives, however he later denied this saying his comments had been misunderstood.
On November 30, 2006 Arthur announced in a press conference that he had been diagnosed with prostate cancer and would be receiving treatment at Quebec City's Hotel-Dieu hospital in the coming weeks. He also mentioned that despite the cancer, he would remain in his post as the MP for Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier.
The Conservative Party decided not to run a candidate against Arthur in the 2008 federal election. This decision proved to be decisive in his re-election; Arthur won the seat with only 33.5% of the vote, against 32% for Richard Coté of the Bloc Québécois.
While a Member of Parliament, Arthur worked as a tour bus driver for Intercar. He claimed that his position as an independent MP freed him from the obligation to attend caucuses and partisan social events, going as far as suggesting all MPs should get a second job to put them in touch with ordinary people. This earned him the criticism from his opponents, who noted Arthur had been absent from Parliament for nearly one-third of the votes since 2006, something for which Arthur is unapologetic.
Arthur's career has been marked by a number of lawsuits. He has been sued for defamation by two Quebec Premiers, Lucien Bouchard and Daniel Johnson Jr. He has also faced penalizing decisions by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) and the Canadian Broadcast Standards Council, perhaps most notably regarding several on-air statements he made which led to the non-renewal of the licence of CHOI-FM. His most recent gig, as morning and noon host for CKNU in Donnacona, Quebec, ended on December 22, 2005, soon after Genex Communications announced it was selling the station to RNC Media, which declined to renew his contract.
On November 17, 1998, during a broadcast on CKVL, Arthur attacked taxi drivers in Montreal, especially those who were "Arab and Haitian". According to the summary of facts presented in the Superior Court, Arthur denounced "their incompetence and filthiness, while suggesting they get their licenses by corruption and are somehow responsible for the deplorable state of this mode of transport in the city." On February 17, 2011, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled in favour of Arthur.
- Quebec shock jock only Independent MP elected, cbc.ca, January 24, 2006.
- "Richard Therrien : André Arthur, nouvel homme des midis de TQS | Le Soleil". Cyberpresse.ca. Retrieved 2011-05-02.
- "Matthieu Boivin : Silence en cas d'élections pour André Arthur | Le Soleil". Cyberpresse.ca. Retrieved 2011-05-02.
- (French) "TQS a mis fin à l'émission d'André Arthur plus tôt que prévu". showbizz.net, August 5, 2009.
- "AVANTI Ciné Vidéo - TÉLÉVISION - FICTION - Malenfant". Avanticinevideo.com. Retrieved 2011-05-02.
- Robert McKenzie. "Talk-show terror driving bus: Fired radio host shifts gears and takes to the highway", The Gazette, May 18, 2002.
- "Shock jock may join Tories". CANOE. 2006-05-23.
- "Independent denies Tory overtures". National Post. 2006-05-25.
- "André Arthur atteint d'un cancer". LCN/TVA. 2006-11-30.
- "No Tory opposition for colourful Quebec independent MP". CBC News. September 8, 2008.
- "History of Federal Ridings since 1867 - Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved 2011-05-12.
- Sher, Julian (March 7, 2011). "André Arthur: The MP who moonlights as a bus driver". The Globe And Mail (Toronto). Retrieved April 30, 2011.
- "Judith Lachapelle : André Arthur devra encore faire face à des chauffeurs de taxi | Justice et faits divers". Cyberpresse.ca. Retrieved 2011-05-02.