André Bjerke

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André Bjerke
André Bjerke mai 1958 (cropped).jpg
Bjerke, 1958
Born Jarl André Bjerke
(1918-01-30)30 January 1918
Kristiania
Died 10 January 1985(1985-01-10) (aged 66)
Oslo
Resting place Oslo
Pen name Bernhard Borge
Occupation Poet, novelist
Language Norwegian
Nationality Norwegian
Genre Poetry, crime fiction, prose
Spouse Mette Brun (1956–?)
Henny Moan (1959–1972)
Gerd Granholt (?–1985)
Relatives Ejlert Bjerke (father)
Jens Bjørneboe (cousin)

Jarl André Bjerke (30 January 1918-10 January 1985) was a Norwegian writer and poet. He wrote a wide range of material: poems (both for children and adults), mystery novels (four of them under the pseudonym Bernhard Borge), essays, and articles. He translated works by Shakespeare, Molière, Goethe and Racine. Bjerke was known as a prominent proponent of the Riksmål language during the Norwegian language struggle, and of anthroposophy, especially in the 1950s.[1] [2]

Background[edit]

Bjerke was born at Kristiania (now Oslo), Norway. His parents were the author Ejlert Bjerke and Karin (Svensson) Bjerke. He was the cousin of author Jens Bjørneboe (1920-1976). His debut was in 1940 with a collection of poems, Syngende Jord. [3] [4]

Mystery novels and short stories[edit]

His mystery novels were influenced by his interest in psychoanalysis. His first mystery novel, Nattmennesket was published in 1941. In this novel he introduced the psycho analyst Kai Bugge who claims that a psychologist is more able to solve a real crime than a police officer. After a particularly hideous murder, Bugge and police officer Hammer, join forces to solve the impossible mystery. Where Hammer looks for material clues and interviews the suspects about things like motive and alibis, Bugge makes an analytical approach. [5]

De dødes tjern from 1942 was made into a film in 1958, directed by Kåre Bergstrøm (1911–1976). This novel is also featured by Kai Bugge in opposition to literary critic, Gabriel Mørk and policeman, Harald Gran. The three accompanied by author Bernhard Borge, his wife and Gran's fiancee visit the scene of a suicide. The deceased had left a diary in which he revealed his growing obsession by the pond, which ends with a confession that he has no choice but to commit suicide by drowning himself. During the investigation it turns out that visitors are not immune to the forces that abode in the pond. [6]

In 1947, he published Døde menn går i land. This is the only one of his full novels that does not star Kai Bugge, but the conflict between a traditional solver of mysteries and those who dabbles in paranormal phenomena is a central motif in the novel. Arne Krag-Andersen has bought a famously haunted house on the southern coast of Norway. There is a curse on the manor: Any one who tries to change anything whatsoever with the house or its contents, will die a violent death. American minister Pahle is deeply fascinated by satanism and claims that a satanic cult was connected to the house. A deserted Estonian ship found outside the shore adds to the atmosphere. [7]

In 1950, Skjult Mønster was published. Kai Bugge re-enters the scene, but even if he solves the strange mystery and sheds light on the hidden pattern, he plays no central role. Irene Cramer is scared to death, and it seems clearly that her fright is not only imagined. She moves in with four bachelors in an attempt to be protected, but even their chivalrous behavior doesn't give her the security she craves. The reader is led through a veritable maze with a pattern that seems impossible until the hidden pattern is revealed by Kai Bugge.

The short story collection Tryllestaven from 1961 does not really fit the description "mysteries". A few of them are, but most of them concerns other parts of life. You meet a young boy and his dreams, a girl solving the ultimate question for a scientist, a very distorted traditional Norwegian fairy tale, an underdog who finds his magic wand in shape of a walking cane, the challenge of writing soberly while sober and other stories.

In 1963 André Bjerke published Enhjørningen under his own name. Enhjørningen consists of three novellas and a short story bound together by the challenge between psychology and the unicorn – representing the supernatural forces in existence. Dr. Kahrs denies the existence of any unicorn, and his three bridge-playing friends, author Nordberg, ad-man Bøhmer and journalist Strand, try to convince him by telling of their meeting with the unicorn.

Bjerke also published the short story collection, Hobby-detektiven where the very unusual police officer, Klaus Vangli is the hero. Vangli has a very untraditional approach to the different mysteries he sets out to solve. He claims that his enormous range of hobbies gives him the necessary skills and knowledge to solve murders, thefts, fraud and a rather petty theft by a small child. His hobbies covers chess, astronomy, optics, philately, track and field, football betting and other interests that has seems to have nothing in common.

Bjerke also published two collections of mystery short stories in 1970, titled Onkel Oscar starter opp and Onkel Oscar kjører videre. Oscar is a cab driver in contemporary Oslo who is mixed up in different crimes and solves them by his ability his acumen. The stories, co-written by TV host, Harald Tusberg, were adaptations from the manuscripts for the TV series about uncle Oscar. [8]

Non-literary achievements[edit]

Norwegian Air Shuttle LN-DYM "Andre Bjerke"

Bjerke was the co-host of the television show NRK Streiftog i grenseland in 1973. This series of shows was the first dedicated to investigating paranormal and occult phenomena. Harald Tusberg was the other host. [9] André Bjerke was a chess player and wrote several essays about the history and culture of chess. [10]

Personal life[edit]

Bjerke was married to the actress Henny Moan. Together they had a daughter, Vilde, who wrote a book about her father, Du visste om et land in 2002. After a debilitating stroke in 1981, he was bound to a wheelchair for the rest of his life. In 1983, he was made a knight in the Order of St. Olav. He died during 1985 and was buried at Vestre gravlund in Olso. [11] [12]

Awards[edit]

  • 1958 - Bastian Prize (Bastianprisen for oversettelsen) [13]
  • 1963 - Riksmal Association Literature Prize (Riksmålsforbundets litteraturpris)[14]
  • 1967 - Riksmal Association Radio Listeners Prize (Riksmålsforbundet: Lytterprisen)[15]
  • 1973 - Riverton Club Honorary Prize (Rivertonklubbens ærespris)[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hansen, Jan E. "André Bjerke". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 20 November 2017. 
  2. ^ "André Bjerke". H. Aschehoug & Co. Retrieved May 1, 2018. 
  3. ^ Erik Bjerck Hagen. "André Bjerke". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved May 1, 2018. 
  4. ^ Erik Bjerck Hagen. "Ejlert Bjerke". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved May 1, 2018. 
  5. ^ "Jarl André Bjerke". Sceneweb. Retrieved May 1, 2018. 
  6. ^ Lillian Bikset. "Kåre Bergstrøm". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved May 1, 2018. 
  7. ^ Jürgen Ruckh (October 2007). "Die Biografie des Autors André Bjerke, bekannt unter Bernhard Borge". schwedenkrimi. Retrieved May 1, 2018. 
  8. ^ "Harald Tusberg". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved May 1, 2018. 
  9. ^ "Streiftog i grenseland". NRK. Retrieved May 1, 2018. 
  10. ^ Norsk Sjakkblad nr 1, 2000
  11. ^ Svein Erik Brodal. "Henny Moan". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved May 1, 2018. 
  12. ^ "André Bjerke". lokalhistoriewiki. Retrieved May 1, 2018. 
  13. ^ Sylfest Lomheim. "Bastianprisen". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved May 1, 2018. 
  14. ^ "1963- Andre Bjerke". Riksmålsforbundets. Retrieved May 1, 2018. 
  15. ^ "Prisvinnere – 1967". Riksmålsforbundet. Retrieved May 1, 2018. 
  16. ^ bokklubben.no. "Norsk kulturråds oversetterpris - 1972: André Bjerke". Retrieved May 1, 2018. 
  17. ^ Vidar Iversen. "Rivertonklubbens ærespriser". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved May 1, 2018. 
  18. ^ "Oslo bys kulturpris – 1980". sceneweb.no. Retrieved May 1, 2018. 

Other sources[edit]

  • Bjerke, Vilde (2002) Du visste om et land. Om min far André Bjerke (Oslo :Aschehoug) ISBN 9788203185366
  • Hansen, Jan E. (1985) André Bjerke : det bevegelige menneske : et portrett (Oslo : Cappelen) ISBN 82-02-09259-0
  • Parmann, Øistein (1982) André Bjerke i lek og alvor (Oslo :Grøndahl og Dreyer) ISBN 9788209100202

External links[edit]

Awards
Preceded by
Peter Magnus
Recipient of the Bastian Prize
1958
Succeeded by
Odd Bang-Hansen