André Calmettes

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André Calmettes
Calmette Andre.jpg
BornAugust 18, 1861 (1861-08-18)
DiedMarch 14, 1942 (1942-03-15) (aged 80)

André Calmettes (1861-1942) was a French actor and film director.

After being a theatre actor for twenty years, he joined the society Le Film d'Art [fr], founded in 1908 by the novelist and editor, Paul Lafitte [fr] at the urging of the Sociétaires of the Comédie-Française.

That same year, disturbed by the noise of the spectators, he suggested that films should have musical accompaniment. One of the first composers to produce music especially designed for a film was Camille Saint-Saëns, who arranged a piano score for Calmette's The Assassination of the Duke of Guise. Originally the music was played in the theatre, but Calmette later found a way to put musicians behind the screen and synchronize their playing with the film.

In the three years from 1909 to 1912, he gave a more theatrical touch to his work by casting famous stage actors such as Sarah Bernhardt, Réjane and Mounet-Sully to do adaptations of classic literary works, both French and English.

After 1913, he returned to the stage himself. He appeared in one film, Le Petit Chose, by André Hugon.[1]

Partial filmography[edit]


  1. ^ Raymond Chirat, Dictionnaire du cinéma, Larousse, 1986, p.96.
  2. ^ Abel, Richard (1994). The Ciné Goes to Town: French Cinema, 1896-1914. University of California Press. pp. 312–313. ISBN 9780520079359.
  3. ^ Wild, Jennifer (March 21, 2015). The Parisian Avant-Garde in the Age of Cinema, 1900-1923. University of California Press. p. 140. ISBN 9780520279889.
  4. ^ Madame Sans-Gêne (1911) on IMDb

External links[edit]