August 18, 1861|
1st arrondissement of Paris
March 14, 1942 (aged 80)|
16th arrondissement of Paris
André Calmettes (1861-1942) was a French actor and film director.
That same year, disturbed by the noise of the spectators, he suggested that films should have musical accompaniment. One of the first composers to produce music especially designed for a film was Camille Saint-Saëns, who arranged a piano score for Calmette's The Assassination of the Duke of Guise. Originally the music was played in the theatre, but Calmette later found a way to put musicians behind the screen and synchronize their playing with the film.
In the three years from 1909 to 1912, he gave a more theatrical touch to his work by casting famous stage actors such as Sarah Bernhardt, Réjane and Mounet-Sully to do adaptations of classic literary works, both French and English.
- The Assassination of the Duke of Guise (1908)
- Macbeth (1909)
- Madame Sans-Gêne (1911) (Sources disagree as to whether the director was Calmettes, Henri Desfontaines or both.)
- The Lady of the Camellias (1911)
- Richard III (1912)
- The Little Thing (1923)
- Raymond Chirat, Dictionnaire du cinéma, Larousse, 1986, p.96.
- Abel, Richard (1994). The Ciné Goes to Town: French Cinema, 1896-1914. University of California Press. pp. 312–313. ISBN 9780520079359.
- Wild, Jennifer (March 21, 2015). The Parisian Avant-Garde in the Age of Cinema, 1900-1923. University of California Press. p. 140. ISBN 9780520279889.
- Madame Sans-Gêne (1911) on IMDb
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