André Cardinal Destouches
Born in Paris, the son of Étienne Cardinal, a wealthy merchant, André Cardinal was educated by Jesuits. With the Jesuit Father Guy Tachard, he went on a mission to Siam for two years, leaving in January 1687, and spending some time at the Cape of Good Hope, arriving in Siam in September. Coming back to France, in September 1688, he spent several months at the academy in the Manège royale, rue de Tournon. In 1692 he joined the army and participated in the invasion of Namur, discovering his musical talent while not occupied by combat. When his father died in August 1694, André Cardinal added "Destouches" to his name in memory of his father's title, Seigneur des Touches et de Guilleville. He quit the army in 1696 to pursue his musical aspirations.
Destouches' opera Issé was performed for Louis XIV at the Trianon in 1697. Louis was impressed and said that he enjoyed his music as much as that of Jean-Baptiste Lully. The opera was successfully repeated at the Opéra a few weeks later. The following year found him dining with Boileau in the company of Racine.
After a series of successful operas and the commencement of his successful collaboration with the librettist Pierre-Charles Roy, in 1713 the king appointed Destouches inspector general of the Académie Royale de Musique, at a stipend of 4000 livres a year; later, in 1725 Louis XV would appoint him superintendent of chamber music for the Chambre du Roi, and then Director of the Académie. Under the Régence, as Destouches' operas were revived at the Opéra, Destouches was able to purchase the terroir of La Vaudoire at Sartrouville, conveniently close to Paris. The young Louis XV danced in Destouches' ballet Les élémens[a] at the Tuileries, 31 December 1721,[b] and the aged Destouches led the musicians for his daughters' masked ball on 13 January 1744. With the beginning of the public Concerts Spirituels in Paris, Destouches performed his De Profundis (1725) and his cantata Sémélé (1728) and motet for large chorus O dulcis Jesu (also 1728); Queen Maria Leszczyńska commanded Destouches to recreate the concert series at the Tuileries. With the death of Michel Richard Delalande in 1726, Destouches assumed control of the Musique du Roi.
- Issé (pastorale héroïque), libretto by Antoine Houdar de la Motte (1697, in five acts 1708) Issé played at Wolfenbüttel (in German) and The Hague.
- Amadis de Grèce (tragédie en musique), libretto by La Motte (26 March 1699)
- Marthésie (tragédie en musique), libretto by La Motte (11 October 1699)
- Omphale (tragédie en musique), libretto by La Motte (10 November 1701)
- Le carnaval et la folie (comédie-ballet), libretto by La Motte (3 January 1704)
- Callirhoé (tragédie en musique), libretto by Pierre-Charles Roy (27 December 1712)
- Télémaque (tragédie en musique), libretto by the abbé Simon-Joseph Pellegrin (29 November 1714)
- Oenone (cantata), (February 1716)
- Sémiramis (tragédie en musique), libretto by Pierre-Charles Roy (4 December 1718)
- Les élémens (opéra-ballet), in collaboration with Delalande, libretto by Roy (1721)
- Les stratagèmes de l'amour (ballet), libretto by Roy (26 March 1726)
- Also written as Les éléments, with 't'.
- It was published in 1725.
- Biography in this article draws on the material in Renee P.-M. Masson, "Andre Cardinal Destouches surintendant de la musique du roi directeur de l'Opera 1672 - 1749" Revue de Musicologie 43 No. 119 (July 1959):81-98).
- In 1683 the elder Cardinal founded a charity school for poor boys at Saint-Barthélemy, noted by Masson, s.v. "1683", "1715".
- Tachard described the journey in a Second voyage au Siam, at the Archives Nationales.
- Greene's biographical encyclopedia of composers, by David Mason Greene 1985 ISBN 0-385-14278-1 p.209 
- According to Titon du Tillet, second supplement to the Parnasse français.
- According to a letter of Racine noted in Masson 1959:89.
- Maître de la Musique de la Chambre.
- He sold it in 1748 (Masson 1959: s.v. "1748".
- Masson 1959, s.v. "1724".
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