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9 June 1911|
|Died||21 December 1998
|Buried||Neuilly-sur-Seine community cemetery|
|Years of service||1932-1946|
|Commands held||Bureau Central de Renseignements et d'Action|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
After the outbreak of World War II, Dewavrin was assigned to Norway in 1940 before he joined General Charles de Gaulle in Britain. He received the rank of major, took charge of the Free French military intelligence unit Bureau Central de Renseignements et d'Action (BCRA), and took the codename "Colonel Passy". He began to help organize the French Resistance movement and cooperated with the SOE.
Some of Dewavrin’s closest colleagues – Captain Fourcard and Lieutenant Duclos – were Cagoulards (a right-wing group), but Dewavrin always denied that he was. He insisted that he had supported the Republic during the Spanish Civil War and had opposed the Munich Agreement.
Dewavrin collated information from the French Resistance and planned operations for 350 agents who were parachuted to France to work with them. He secretly traveled to France on occasion to meet with the Resistance and coordinate intelligence gathering and sabotage. On 23 February 1943 Dewavrin parachuted to France alongside Pierre Brossolette to meet with Jean Moulin.
Later in 1943 Dewavrin's organization was merged with the conventional secret service of the Free French Forces to form DGSS under Jacques Soustelle. Dewavrin served as Soustelle's technical advisor before he took the lead of the organization in October 1944. After the Normandy Invasion, Dewavrin became Chief of Staff to General Marie Pierre Koenig, the Commander of the French Forces of the Interior.
After the war, Dewavrin was head of intelligence for de Gaulle's provisional government until de Gaulle resigned in January 1946. His successor accused Dewavrin of embezzling Free French money for his own purposes. Dewavrin was jailed for four months in Vincennes. He was eventually acquitted for lack of evidence. British historian Antony Beevor suspects that Dewavrin might have tried to collect money to work against a possible communist takeover attempt.
Dewavrin published three volumes of memoirs in 1947, 1949, and 1951, and eventually retired from the army to become a businessman.
He portrayed himself in Jean Pierre Melville's film, L'Armée des ombres.
According to The Secret War by Max Hastings, a Soviet spy made a claim in a report to Moscow that Andre' Dewavrin was recruited by Canaris to work for the Germans. Hasting stated this report was false, but supplied no reference to support the statement.
- Lacouture 1991, p254-5
- "Andre Dewavrin : Biography". Spartacus Educational. 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-05-03.
- Whitney, Craig R. (December 22, 1998). "Andre de Wavrin, 87, 'Col. Passy' of Resistance Fame, Dies". The New York Times. New York: NYTC. ISSN 0362-4331.
- "André Dewavrin dit le colonel Passy". Encyclopédie Larousse (in French). 2013.
- "André Dewavrin-Passy". Ordre de la Liberation (in French). 20 September 2009.
- Lacouture, Jean. De Gaulle: The Rebel 1890–1944 (1984; English ed. 1991), 640 pp, W W Norton & Co, London. ISBN 978-0393026993