André Hossein

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André Aminollah Hossein
BornAminoullah Hosseinoff
1905
Samarkand, Samarkand Oblast, Russian Empire
Died9 August 1983(1983-08-09) (aged 77–78)
Paris, France
OccupationComposer and tar soloist
WorksPersepolis Symphony, Arya Symphony, Persian Miniatures, Concerto for Piano and Orchestra
Spouse(s)Anna Minevskaya
ChildrenRobert Hossein

André Hossein, born Aminulla Huseynov, also known as Aminollah Hossein (Persian: امین الله حسین ; Russian: Аминулла Гусейнов 1905, in Samarkand – 9 August 1983, in Paris) was a French composer of Persian origin[1], Azeri nationality[2] and a tar soloist.[3] Hossein was the first Persian composer who was able to present his works in international concerts.[4]

Life and education[edit]

His father was a merchant from Azerbaijan and his mother was a Persian woman from Samarkand (present-day Uzbekistan).[citation needed]

His son, Robert Hossein, has written that André Hossein studied in Moscow, Russia and later in Germany where he attended a music academy in Stuttgart and the Berlin Conservatory from 1934 to 1937. His fascination with ancient Persia led him to convert to Zoroastrianism. His newfound religion immensely influenced his musical work in symphonies such as "Persian Miniature", "I love my Country", and "Symphony Persepolis".[5][6] He married Anna Mincovschi, a Jewish comedy actress from Soroca (Bessarabia),[7] who had immigrated to Paris with her parents after the October Revolution.[8][9] He spent the rest of his life in France. He also studied privately under Paul Antoine Vidal in Conservatoire de Paris.

Works[edit]

In 1935 Hossein wrote his first ballet, Towards the Light. He also composed numerous pieces for the piano, including some études. Aminollah's love for his native Persia/Iran is evident in many of his works, especially The Symphony of Persepolis (also known as The Rubble of the Forgotten Empire), which he finished in 1947. Aminollah Hossein also made a symphony on Khayyám poems in 1951.

Other works by him include three piano concertos, Persian Miniature, Scheherezade (Shahrzad), and Arya Symphony. He also composed some film scores, including films directed by his son Robert Hossein, the Paris-born actor and director.

Various works by Hossein have been performed and recorded on LP discs by Orchestre du National de l'Opera de Paris (conducted by Jean-Claude Hartemann), Orchestre National de l'Opera de Monte-Carlo (conducted by Pierre Dervaus) and Nuremberg Symphony Orchestra (conducted by Ali Rahbari) in the collection "Symphonic Poems from Persia", supported by the Ministry of Culture and Art in Tehran in late 1970s.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/hossein-andr
  2. ^ Робер О­ссейн: «Нашу с Мариной Влади семью погубил русский быт»

    Мой отец Андре Оссейн родился в Самарканде, хотя по национальности он азербайджанец, был очень талантливым человеком.

    (in Russian) Shigareva, Yulia (2013-08-28). Argumenty i Fakty.
  3. ^ (in Persian) Life and works of Aminollah Hossein Archived December 15, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ http://www.payvand.com/news/06/apr/1017.html
  5. ^ Hollywood and its influence on Iranian society and Film Industry
  6. ^ French-Iranian director Robert Hossein to revive Epic Tale of Ben Hur in 2006
  7. ^ According to the program Le Plus Grand Cabaret du Monde, presented by Patrick Sébastien on 22 September 2007
  8. ^ (in Russian) A Pessimist Full of Optimism: An interview with Robert Hossein. Pyotr Rozvarin. Vremya novostei, #47. 19 March 2002. Retrieved 22 December 2007
  9. ^ Information on Anna Minevski's brother — resistance fighter Lova Minevski Archived July 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]